Free Essay

English - the American Language

In: Other Topics

Submitted By acasler
Words 2007
Pages 9
Press 1 for English…. Press 2 for Spanish…
Why English Should Be Declared the Official Language of the Unites States of America

Declaring English as the official language of the United States is a very controversial issue. We have one flag, one government, however no official language. Making English the official language would unite all Americans, no matter the race, creed, culture, heritage or ancestry. In 1907, US President Theodore Roosevelt wrote, “We have room for but one language in this country, and that is the English language, for we intend to see that the crucible turns our people out as Americans, of American nationally and not dwellers in a polyglot boarding house” (English-only movement/Wikipedia). There were as many as twenty different languages that could be heard around the time of our founding fathers. Today, there are presently three hundred twenty nine languages in the United States (US Census 2010). Immigrants of many nationalities have built our nation. Just look our nations motto, E pluribus Unum, (Latin meaning – out of many, one) which was adapted by the committee of Congress on July 4, 1776 to design “a seal for the United States of America”, which is carried by the American eagle. The nation has but one flag which we “pledge our allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the republic for which it stands, one nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all” (MacAuthur). However, 236 years later the United State still has no official language.

Casler -2-

Multilingualism is costing our country billions of wasted dollars every year and further dividing this nation. We only have to look north to see why a multilingual society brings about severe problems. Battles over language rage across the globe, but Canada offers the most instructive warning for the United States. “Canada’s policy of official multilingualism has proven to be costly and has led to disunity and resentment. Canada has one-tenth the population of the U.S. and has spent $260 million per year on accommodating just two languages” (Mujica). Depending on the exact number of languages accommodated of the total 329 in the U.S., the price tag would be upwards of $10 billion per year (Mujica). Currently, there is no official federal law making English the official language of the United States. Thirty-three states in the U.S. have passed legislation making English their official state language, but that is where it has stopped. The U.S. Senate voted on two separate changes to an immigration bill in May 2006. The amended bill recognized English as “a common and unifying language” and gave contradictory instructions to government agencies on their obligations for non-English publications. The bill was buried. In 2007, the U.S. senate again voted on the amendments. The bill again was not passed (English only movement). There is an executive order in place that in no way supports making English the official language. On August 11, 2000, President William J. Clinton signed Executive Order 13166 into law. With that act, the federal government officially became multilingual because it requires any entity receiving federal monies to provide services in any language. This most specifically impacts private physicians, clinics and hospitals that accept Medicare and Medicaid.
Casler -3-

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has reported that forcing physicians to provide multilingual outpatient services have cost an additional $180.8 million; hospitals $78.2; emergency room services $8.6 million. “In total, it costs our government provided healthcare an additional $276.6 million annually” (U.S. English, Inc.). Shouldn’t our nation’s healthcare providers practice medicine, not new languages? As of February 12, 2012, our national debt is $15,366,648,044,610.00 (U.S. National Debt Clock). I think the wasteful spending of $276.6 million annually would be better spent knocking down this debt.
Examples of this wasteful spending is a current situation my family is encountering. My father will be turning 65 in May, so he will be eligible for Medicare. Our mailbox is filled daily with information and booklets regarding his choices. I don’t have a problem with keeping him informed and making the right decision. However, what I have a problem with is that more than half of the information received is published in both English and Spanish. In fact, three of the pamphlets received were only delivered in Spanish. Are you kidding me? Not only has this company wasted paper and postage, they have wasted our time.
“Historically, our nation was forged out of millions of immigrants from all over the world who assimilated into our country and proudly learned English so they could melt into our culture as quickly as possible” (Gilleland). In 1927, my own grandfather at the age of 12, with his parents and three siblings came to this country from Italy to make a new life for themselves. They arrived at Ellis Island to a new country, a new dream. Their native language was Italian but they settled here and adapted by learning English. Did they lose their heritage or stop

Casler -4- speaking Italian? No. To this day, my family still practices traditions set forth by my grandfather’s family. However, my family are Americans through and through. Statistically, through extensive research, immigrants who learn and use English, raise their income levels by about thirty percent. “In 1999, the average employed immigrant who spoke and understood English well earned $40,741, more than double the $16,345 earned by immigrants who did not speak English well” (Immigrants who want English as the Official Language).
This does not mean in any terms that an immigrant or an American can’t keep their traditions, customs, food or heritage. This does not mean they cannot communicate in their native tongue in their own homes with their families. What this means is that immigrants in the United States must learn English to prevent the creation of a permanent economic and social underclass (US English, Inc.). Without knowledge of English, immigrants will never gain the advantages available to them in the U.S. It should not be the responsibility of the government to provide services in any other language except English. Each individual needs to do that themselves.
The government makes it too easy for immigrants and current Americans to function in their native languages through bilingual education, multilingual ballots, driver license exams and government funded translators and forms. “Providing essential services to immigrants in their native language is very expensive for the American taxpayers and keeps immigrants linguistically isolated” (Mujica). This is also supported by the 2010 Census. There is a rapidly growing population of people, often native born who are not proficient in English and who have chosen not to even learn the language (US Census 2010).
Casler -5-
Pro English, Inc. is a self-governing project of US, Inc. They are an American, non-profit lobbying organization currently engaged in promoting English as the sole language of the United States. According to one of their reports, immigrants that learn and communicate English empowers them (Pro English, Inc.). “By more than a 2 to 1 margin, immigrants themselves say the U.S. should expect all immigrants, new and old, to learn English. By a 9 to 1 margin, Hispanic immigrants believe learning English is essential to succeed in the U.S.” (Pro English, Inc.). Basically what I am saying is, “Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; Show him how to fish, you feed him for a lifetime” (Ritchie).
Another area of the nation’s problem of not having a unified language is Education. For example, according to the Phyllis Schlafly Report, “the billion dollar boondoggle called bilingual education has always been a fraud because, contrary to the term bilingual, it doesn’t teach two languages; instead it keeps immigrant children languishing in Spanish speaking classes for six years or more” (Schlafly). Lessons and exams are being given in Spanish; therefore these children are not being given the opportunity or incentive to excel in English. In 2007, California and Arizona decisively rejected bilingual education and test scores indicated that children progressed faster and excelled in these schools after they started immersing students in English only lessons at an early age (Gilleland).
Bilingual education alone is estimated to cost taxpayers billions of dollars per year. “The federal government has spent over $100 million to study the effectiveness of bilingual education, only to discover that it is less effective providing bilingual classes and bilingual teachers then English immersion programs are” (Mujica). In other words, education should be taught and learned in English. Does this mean our education system needs to do away with teaching other
Casler -6- languages? Absolutely not; just keep these classes as electives – not the majority of how everyday lessons are taught.
According to the 2002 World Almanac, ninety-two percent of the world’s countries have at least one official language. English is the sole official language in thirty-one nations. An additional twenty nations recognize English as one of two or more official languages (U.S. English, Inc.). In June of 2003, the PEW Research Center announced the results of an extensive survey on global trends, such as the spread of democracy, globalization and technology. According to the survey titled, Views of a Changing World, “many nations showed almost unanimous agreement on the importance of learning English” (Hakimzadeh).
English is the language of business, higher education, diplomacy, aviation, the Internet, science, popular music, entertainment, and international travel. All signs point to its continued acceptance across the planet (Mujica). Globally, countries agree on making one language official. Immigrants agree on making English the official language. I agree and support making English our national language of the United States. Do I believe that we should go as far as prohibiting others from speaking their native languages? No I don’t, far from it. The United States does not share one common heritage because the nation is a melting pot of many, however we do share a common future. That future should be one common language, English!
We are a democratic nation. Let the people of the United States vote on this debate. Not the elected officials, not the democratic or republican parties, not the Senate, not Congress. Let the American people vote that English is the official American language. Majority wins and the nation can be united once and for all.

Casler -7-

Works Cited

“2010 Census Data – 2010 Census”. US Census Bureau. Modified June 2011.

“English-Only Movement”. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Modified January 31, 2012.

“Executive Order 13166”. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Modified February 28, 2011.

Gilleland, Donald L. “English should be the US National Language, Let’s finally make it
Official”. Scripps Newspaper Group. February 6, 2012.

Hakimzadeh, Shirin. “Hispanics in the United States”. Pew Research Center. November 29, 2007.

MacAuthur, John. D. “E Pluribus Unum”. Great Seal. November 28,

Mujica, Mauro. “Why the U.S. needs an official language”. US English, Inc. December 2003.

“Official English: Facts & Figures”. U.S. English, Inc.

“Official English, Fact Sheets: Cost of Multilingualism”. Making English the Official
Language. US English, Inc.

“Overview of Executive Order 13166”. Limited English Proficiency, A Federal Interagency. “Pro-English”. Pro-English, Inc. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Modified January 4, 2012.

Ritchie, Anne. “Give a man a fish….” The Phrasefinder. 1890

Schiafly, Phyllis. “Americans Want English as our Official Language”. Eagle Forum. June 20, 2007.

“Should English be the Official Language of the U.S”. Opposing Views, Inc., 2008-2012,

“U.S. National Debt Clock: Real Time”. February 18, 2012.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

English Language and Hispanic Community

...English Language in the Hispanic Communites I came to United States at age of 17, to participate in an exchange student high school program. Upon my arrival my English language knowledge was poor and limited. I encountered many difficult experiences at the high school and at the family I lived with. From the very beginning I was determined to improve my English language skills and by the end of the semester I believed I had made a huge improvement. I personally am aware of the difficulties there are to learn a new language but living in the Las Cruces area for almost five years has made me face a very interesting phenomenon, that is of a large number of Hispanic population seems to not know English. As I have asked around, I have found out that a lot of these people have been living in United States for a long period of time. This phenomenon got me wondering why that these people do not learn the official language of the country they live in, which is closely connected to the integration of this community into the American life. Out of so many stores and offices I have visited I could say that in almost all of them you can find employees that could assist you in the Spanish language, even taken to the extreme in some stores the cashiers can only speak Spanish. I feel that this clearly demotivates the locals to learn English when they can find ways to communicate. Learning the language of the country you live in is closely connected to prosperity in working and living......

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

American English

...American English / British English  * Jenny feels ill. She ate too much.  * Jenny feels ill. She's eaten too much.  * I can't find my keys. Did you see them anywhere? * I can't find my keys. Have you seen them anywhere? (ii) In sentences which contain the words already, just or yet: American English / British English  * A: Are they going to the show tonight? * B: No. They already saw it. * A: Are they going to the show tonight? * B: No. They've already seen it. * A: Is Samantha here? * B: No, she just left. * A: Is Samantha here? * B: No, she's just left. * A: Can I borrow your book? * B: No, I didn't read it yet. * A: Can I borrow your book? * B: No, I haven't read it yet.  1. Verb agreement with collective nouns In British English collective nouns, (i.e. nouns referring to particular groups of people or things), (e.g. staff , government, class, team) can be followed by a singular or plural verb depending on whether the group is thought of as one idea, or as many individuals, e.g.: My team is winning. The other team are all sitting down. In American English collective nouns are always followed by a singular verb, so an American would usually say: Which team is losing? whereas in British English both plural and singular forms of the verb are possible, as in: Which team is/are losing? 2. Use of delexical verbs have and take In British English, the verb have frequently functions as what is......

Words: 1100 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

English as Official Language Debate

...English should not be the official language of the US The United States is a nation founded by immigrants. Throughout the years the US has struggled with discrimination and close-mindedness. But, when we put our differences aside we can achieve the impossible. We are a country united by our differences. We celebrate our diversity, independence and individuality. We are a country that believes in choice, and one of those choices should be the option to speak the language which we relate to and understand. It was our forefather’s ambition that got us to the Land of The Free and our determination that made us successful. So how can we say we stand for freedom if we don’t give our people, immigrants (illegal or not), the right to speak their language? We are a country for the people, but not all of our people speak English. Many Americans argue that those who live in America should speak English but think about this: English is the sum of many other languages. The British brought English to America and forced the Native Americans to convert to their language and their ways. In modern society, we cringe at the idea of oppression and encourage those who are oppressed to speak out for themselves, yet turn a blind eye when we are the oppressors. A parallel can be drawn with bullying. It is an issue that many children, teens, and adults experience. Bullying has been an active topic in the media in recent years. Teachers, parents and authoritative figures continue to urge those......

Words: 461 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

English Language

...Unit 2 Individual Project October 20, 2013 English Language I am choosing to use the English language of Britain for this paper mainly because I can speak it, read it, and understand it. Well modern English I can speak, read, and understand. I was in the Navy for 12 years. My job in the navy was a Hospital Corpsman. In the medical field we still use a lot of words that have Latin origins. This is the same generally speaking of the early English language. English broke into three categories when we are speaking about the history of the English language. There is Old English, Middle English, and Modern English. I think it funny how in the 1990’s everyone wanted tattoos of their own name on them in Old English. It is funny because if they actually tried to read some Old English they would have a hard time making any words out. So the beginning of the English language is Old English and it was developed by people of the Germanic tribes migrated to Britain. This happened before the 12th century. It had a lot of Latin, French, and Old Norse influence. While if you read it you may figure out a few words it is very different from today’s spoken language. You would know such words as he, him, for and some others. You could figure out such words as name, was, were, and come, these are just some examples. From the 12th century on into the 15th century they spoke Middle English. This has a lot more French and Latin influence than......

Words: 599 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

English Language

...English Language Forrest Partlow       Unemployment       HUMA215       Unit 2 Individual Project       October 20, 2013 English Language       I am choosing to use the English language of Britain for this paper mainly because I can speak it, read it, and understand it.   Well modern English I can speak, read, and understand.   I was in the Navy for 12 years.   My job in the navy was a Hospital Corpsman.   In the medical field we still use a lot of words that have Latin origins.   This is the same generally speaking of the early English language.       English broke into three categories when we are speaking about the history of the English language.   There is Old English, Middle English, and Modern English.   I think it funny how in the 1990’s everyone wanted tattoos of their own name on them in Old English.   It is funny because if they actually tried to read some Old English they would have a hard time making any words out.       So the beginning of the English language is Old English and it was developed by people of the Germanic tribes migrated to Britain.   This happened before the 12th century.   It had a lot of Latin, French, and Old Norse influence.   While if you read it you may figure out a few words it is very different from today’s spoken language.   You would know such words as he, him, for and some others.   You could figure out such words as name, was, were, and come, these are just some examples.       From the 12th century on into the 15th...

Words: 354 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

English Language

...English Language Importance Do you think learning English is important?English is currently the most wide spread language in the world, it is second only to Mandarin Chinese in terms of the amount of people which speak it, but second to none in terms of the number of people learning it. It is currently the primary language used on the World Wide Web, in the political and business arenas. It has even become the language of today's pop culture. So yes, I definitely think that learning English is important.While English may not have as large a quantity of speakers as Mandarin it is still more widespread and herein lays its importance. Mandarin Chinese is hardly spoken outside Chinese communities, however in many regions of the world where English is not the native language, it is still widely spoken and integrated in the curriculums of educational institutions. In many countries Malaysia, for example, where there various ethnic groups with their own unique language, English is used as a means of communications between all of them. So we see that the importance of English doesn't lie in the quantity of people that speak it but in way we use it. Today the USA's influence on world information is dominant, English, being their native tongue, the same is true for Britain. The music and other types of media that come out of these two countries are broadcast around the world. Most of the world's largest pop stars record English albums, which are played and requested in all the corners...

Words: 336 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Stress in the English Language

...illustrated as straightforward as the limitation of ten pages allows to do so. While the first part of this paper is fairly theoretical, the second one represents quite the opposite as it presents the findings of an actual, admittedly small-scale, research on stress in General American and Received Pronunciation. However, before passing on to the main part, the next few paragraphs should be dedicated to the question if and why stress plays such a significant role in our daily lives. Stress is undoubtedly a major feature and a grammatical device of the English language, which, as we all know, serve as the world's lingua franca. It is therefor essential for all English speakers, both native and learners, to grant a certain amount of awareness to it while using language as a means to communicate. Paying attention to correct pronunciation, however, is not only something worth doing in one's spare time when chatting with friend. English has, metaphorically speaking, taken over almost every field in our society, whether it is economics, travel and tourism or above all education. Even telephone interviews for favored job offers have become an unexceptional thing to happen over the last years. Unfortunately, learners of English are in general rather weak in using stress correctly which may be due to the fact that most of the students learn grammar from books, leading to an undeveloped sense of stress. The simple sentence Harry can be very charming, for instance, shows nicely how......

Words: 3550 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

American Colonists: English or American

...American Colonists: English or American? A Look Into American Life Before And After The French-Indian War During the time leading up to the French and Indian War, American colonists were decidedly more English in their lifestyle than they were American. Having recently emigrated from England, the peoples were still very culturally influenced by their “home” country. The colonists still practiced many of the same traditions and religions as they did before. The colonies, all except one, were planted, supported, and established by English companies. The majority of the people sent over were from England so they were doing what they knew already. Although the colonies were across the Atlantic Ocean from England, the British government was still in control over the colonies. At this time the Americans did not seem to mind this, as they had always followed and been under British rule. England was also believed to be “invincible” so why would the Americans try to break away from the largest empire to become a small, weak country? Before the French and Indian War there was no reason to break away from Britain, everything seemed to working out fine. For the most part, colonists lived as they would in England because that is how they lived before and since it continued to work there was no need for change. Lastly, the term “American” was not defined yet considering America was not fully established, was not its own country, and most of the people living there lived as they......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

English as a Language

...English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.[4][5] It is an official language of almost 60 sovereign states and the most commonly spoken language in sovereign states including the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand and a number of Caribbean nations. It is the third-most-common native language in the world, after Mandarin and Spanish.[6] It is widely learned as a second language and is an official language of the European Union and of the United Nations, as well as of many world organisations. English arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England as a fusion of closely related dialects, now collectively termed Old English. These dialects had been brought to the south-eastern coast of Great Britain by Anglo-Saxons settlers by the 5th century. The word English is the modern spelling of englisc, the name used by the Angles and Saxons for their language, after the Angles' ancestral region of Angeln. The language was also influenced early on by the Old Norse language through Viking invasions in the 9th and 10th centuries. The Norman conquest of England in the 11th century gave rise to heavy borrowings from Norman French: thus a layer of elaborate vocabulary, particularly in the field of governance, and some Romance-language spelling conventions were added to what had by then become Middle English.[7] The Great Vowel Shift that began in the south of England in the 15th...

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

English Language

...A2 English Language Revision Guidance and Easter Work 2015 (1) Make sure you have your revision timetable worked out. Use calendar to plan work for different subjects (2) Make sure your folders/booklets/handouts are sorted out for: a. Language Diversity i. Language Change – over time (timelines, key events, language features, theories, standardisation etc) ii. Different varieties of English (American, Caribbean, Indian, theories, Kachru, divergence, creolisation, basilect, prestige forms, etc) b. Child Language Development i. Spoken Language (terms, theories, stages, etc). ii. Written language (terms, theories, stages, phonics, IPA etc). (3) For each area of the course, revise terminology, concepts, issues, theories etc (see overleaf). Booklets provide a very good starting point + VLE and links to helpful resources and sites. (4) Terminology and Method: For all questions you need to be able to use the Language Constituents and relate these to Context. So revision of Language Constituents, word classes, grammar etc is important eg you need to be quick and confident recognising features like imperatives, passive voice, noun phrase structure, different pronouns, modal verbs etc. And of course be able to comment on their effects: TERM – DEFINITION - EXAMPLE – COMMENT ON EFFECT [See the checklist overleaf.] (5) Theories and Issues. Read and makes notes on ‘Language: A Student Handbook’ (you have to give this book back after Easter). Particularly useful......

Words: 899 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The English Language

...suggesting that concentrating on adolescents and young adults is especially important if researchers are to gain a better understanding of how such sites are being incorporated into people's lives" (Hargittai, 2007). SNSs users can range from young people attending secondary school, college and university, and right up to adults. It is common for SNSs to have a minimum age requirement such as Facebook who advice users must be at least 13 years of age to create an account and become a member (Facebook, 2010). Further on in this study the results of a survey which was carried out will provide more detailed information on users of SNSs in South Africa. Read more:

Words: 268 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

English Language

...copying of entire books or the making of multiple copies of extracts. Written permission for any such copying must always be obtained from the publisher in advance. iv Contents Acknowledgements iv Introduction 1 Practice Test 1 12 Practice Test 2 34 Practice Test 3 54 Practice Test 4 75 General Training Reading and Writing Modules Tapescripts Answer keys 94 107 130 Sample answer sheets 153 iii v Acknowledgements We would like to thank the staff and students of the following institutions for their assistance in trialling these materials: Wollongong English Language Centre; Australian College of English, Sydney; Hong Kong Polytechnic; Waratah Education Centre, Sydney; International House, Queensland; Milton English Language Centre, Sydney; Oxford Academy of English. In addition, a number of our non-English speaking friends were kind enough to trial the materials in their early formats The authors and publishers are grateful to the following for permission to reproduce copyright material. Focus magazine for the extract on pp. 20-21 from A spark, a flint: how fire lept to life; BBC WILDLIFE Magazine for the extract on pp. 24-5 from Showboat as Ark; The Guardian for the extract on pp. 28-9 from Architecture — Reaching for the Sky by Ruth Coleman and for the graphs on pp. 31 and 72; Geoff Maslen for the extract on pp. 40-41 from The Rights of the Left, published by Good Weekend magazine; National......

Words: 41994 - Pages: 168

Premium Essay

English Language

...This is a sample text. For the purposes of according an international filing date, the requirement that the international application be in a prescribed language is met, in most receiving Offices, if the description and claims (but not necessarily the other elements of the international application) are in a language accepted by the receiving Office under Rule 12.1(a) or (c) (see Rule 20.4(c) and paragraph 54). If any of the other elements of the international application are not in a language accepted by the receiving Office, they may be corrected later without affecting the international filing date (see paragraphs 240 and 241). Background Art This is a sample text. Second translation will need to be furnished by the applicant in respect of any international application which is filed in a language which is not a language accepted by the International Searching Authority which is to carry out the international search and/or a language of publication; see paragraphs 229 to 236). Summary of Invention This is a sample text. In certain Offices, however, Rule 20.4(c) is incompatible with the applicable national law. For as long as that incompatibility continues, that Rule will not apply for those Offices; all elements of an international application filed with those Offices as receiving Office must therefore comply with the language requirements of Rule 12.1 before an international filing date can be accorded (see Annex C for details). Technical Problem This is a sample text.......

Words: 2552 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

In the English Language

...Jeanne Kelly Guieb Kenneth De Torres Use of the Dictionary A dictionary is a very important tool for anyone who is learning a new language. With a good dictionary you can do the following: * look up the meaning of an English word you see or hear * find the English translation of a word in your language * check the spelling of a word * check the plural of a noun or past tense of a verb * find out other grammatical information about a word * find the synonym or antonym of a word * look up the collocations of a word * check the part of speech of a word * find out how to say a word * find out about the register of a word * find examples of the use of a word in natural language Kinds of Dictionary Descriptive Dictionaries The truth of the matter is that today virtually all English language dictionaries are descriptive. The editors will usually say that they are simply recording the language and how its words are used and spelled. True, there may be some guidance. For example, most Merriam-Webster dictionaries will note if certain words are deemed nonstandard or offensive by most users; however, the words are still included. Of modern dictionaries, only the Funk and Wagnall's contain a certain amount of prescriptive advice. All the major dictionary publishers - Merriam-Webster, Times-Mirror, World Book, and Funk and Wagnall's - will tell you that they are primarily descriptive. Historically, Dictionaries were Prescriptive This......

Words: 797 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

English Language Learners

...223N March 17, 2012 Mary Beth Nipp, Instructor English language learners have been the talk for many years. They are coming to America each and every day. Most of them speak different languages as Spanish, French, and some already speak English. It has been debated and voted on in five voter driven states. The states are Arizona, California, Colorado, Massachusetts, and Oregon. The voters have been asked to make decisions about the education of the English language learners (Mora, 2009). But only three states, California (1998), Massachusetts (2002), and Arizona (2000) passed the laws for English-only learners to be put in programs, and Colorado (2002) and Oregon (2008) rejected the initiatives of the ballot (Mora, 2009). The voters were in English only groups that were against having bilingual education for the students’ (Mora, 2009). The teachers were having a hard time in learning how to teach the English language learners. But in the 1960s, the federal and state governments have created new laws and policies that give the English language students’ the rights to a meaningful and equitable education (Mora, 2009). The government also provided funds and guidelines for a transitional bilingual education program for the English language learners to help them to become educated (Mora, 2009). In the Lau v. Nichols (1974), the courts decided to take affirmative steps to protect the civil rights of the English language learners in the school districts (Mora, 2009).......

Words: 722 - Pages: 3