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Egypt Iii

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OLS: Egypt III: Ramses the Great

Inscription from Ramses Temple at Abu Simbel

Among the many remarkable monuments constructed during the reign of Ramses II was a temple at Abu Simbel,dedicated to Ramses and featuring four colossal statues of the pharaoh on its exterior. The following selection is part of an inscription on the temple. In it the god Ptah is addressing Ramses as his son.

“King Ramses, I grant you to cut the mountains into statues immense, gigantic, everlasting; I grant that foreign lands find for you precious stone to inscribe the monuments with thy name. I give you to succeed in all the works which you have done. I give you all kinds of workmen, all that goes on two or four feet, all that flies and all that has wings. I have put in the heart of all nations to offer you what they have done; themselves, princes great and small, with one heart seek to please you, King Ramses... You have carved my statues and built my shrines...I am behind you to protect you; I give you health and strength; I cause Egypt to be submitted to you; I supply the two countries with pure life. King Ramses, I grant that...the might of your sword be felt among all countries; you cast down the hearts of all nations; I have put them under your feet; you come forth every day in order that foreign prisoners be brought to you; the chiefs and the great of all nations offer you their children. I give them to your gallant sword that you may do with them what you like. King Ramses, I grant that the fear of you be in the minds of all and your command in their hearts. I grant that your valor reach all countries, and that the dread of you be spread over all lands; the princes...implore your mercy. You give life to whomever you please; the throne of all nations is in your possession... King Ramses...the mountains, the water, and the stone walls which are on earth are shaken when they hear your excellent name, since they have seen what I have accomplished for you; which is that the land of the Hittites should be subjected to your rule...”…...

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