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Economic Reforms and Their Impacts on Indian Economy

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Submitted By tanyasayshi
Words 21431
Pages 86
INDIA TRYING TO LIBERALISE:
INTRODUCTION
The foundation of credible national security is based on the level of economic prosperity and well-being of the population of any country. This is especially so for developing countries like India. The attainment of sustained high economic growth is a necessary condition for improving the national security and the quality of life of the people throughout the country
Many developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region, including China and
India where nearly one third of the world’s population live, are currently going through economic transitions.
India launched its market-oriented economic reforms in 1991. China launched similar reforms from 1978 and is now well ahead of India in integrating its national economy with the global economy. However, India is slowly but surely catching up in this race. The contrast in the experiences of these two countries with economic reforms under radically different political systems is remarkable.
In India, post-1991 economic reforms have been evolutionary and incremental in nature. There have been delays and reverses in some areas due to the interplay of democratic politics, coalition governments, and pressure groups with vested interests. However, each of the five successive governments that have held office in India since 1991 have carried on these economic reforms, which have been based on market liberalization and a larger role for private enterprise.
REFORMS IN INDIA SINCE 1991
India’s economic reforms began in 1991 when a newly elected Congress government, facing an exceptionally severe balance of payments crisis, embarked on a programme of short term stabilisation combined with a longer term programme of comprehensive structural reforms. Rethinking on economic policy had begun earlier in the mid-eighties by when the limitations of a development…...

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