Free Essay


In: Business and Management

Submitted By aksharma
Words 7244
Pages 29
In N.H.P.C at Baira Suil Power Station Chamba (H.P)




Certificate from Faculty Guide

This is to certify that the project report Performance Management has been prepared by Ms. Akanksha Sharma under my supervision and guidance. The project report is submitted towards the partial fulfillment of 2 year, full time Master of Business Administration.

Name & Sign of Faculty
Prof. Sweta Saurabh


I, Akanksha Sharma, Roll no 120SOB102189 student of MBA of School of Business: Galgotias University, Greater Noida, hereby declare that the project report on “Performance Management” at “Galgotias University” is an original and authenticated work done by me.

I further declare that it has not been submitted elsewhere by any other person in any of the institutes for the award of any degree or diploma.

Name of the student
Akanksha Sharma
MBA 2012-2014


My project report has helped me to gain professional experience which apart from giving me an opportunity to test out the theoretical concepts learned in the classroom, also gave me an insight into the working of a real organisation.

It is with great reverence that I express my deep sense of gratitude to Prof. Sweta Saurabh for giving me an opportunity to work on project and for assigning me the project, providing continuous guidance and facilities essential for the completion of the project.

I also owe my sincere thanks to all the people directly or indirectly related to the project.



The Performance Management System is a process of setting objectives, making plans to achieve those objectives and accomplishing the desired results. Rewards and recognition are the end stage of this process. Organizations use this system to assess the performance of an individual, a team, a function and then the organization as a total. In this project, the whole performance management system is described for the company NHPC.

This cycle starts when NHPC signs a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of India. In this memorandum the vision, mission and values, targets and action plans are mentioned. In NHPC, system have been devised to cascade Organizational Goals into individual goals by framing out objectives of the company from the MoU at corporate level and there by preparing a Balance Score Card both at corporate and unit level. The summarized feature of this process is sequentially breaking down the organizational goals into an individual‟s e-MAP.

This project describes about the Performance Management System which is followed in NHPC. This project also describes the problems faced by the Appraises and the appraisers in this system. It also elaborates about the steps taken by the appraisers to improve the performances of the Appraises so that their efficiency can be increased and later the rewards and recognitions are given in the form of promotions, incentives and empowerment.


To study the process and to understand the importance of Performance Management System in NHPC that synchronizes the performance of the employees so as to make the work effective. * To analyse the Performance Management System of NHPC in detail and its effectiveness. * To analyse the problems faced by the appraise and the appraiser in this system. * To analyse the steps taken by the appraisers for the improvement of the performances of the appraises.


NHPC Limited (Formerly National Hydroelectric Power Corporation), A Govt. of India Enterprise, was incorporated in the year 1975 with an authorised capital of Rs. 2000 million and with an objective to plan, promote and organize an integrated and efficient development of hydroelectric power in all aspects. Later on NHPC expanded its objects to include other sources of energy like Geothermal, Tidal, Wind etc
Market Value
At present, NHPC is a schedule 'A' Enterprise of the Govt. of India with an authorized share capital of Rs. 1,50,000 Million . With an investment base of over Rs. 2,20,000 million Approx. In 2009-2010 NHPC made a profit after tax of Rs2090 crores . A increase of 94% than the previous year profit of 1050 crores. NHPC is among the top ten companies in India in terms of investment. Department of Public Enterprise, Govt. of India recently conferred prestigious Miniratna status to NHPC.
Initially, on incorporation, NHPC took over the execution of Salal Stage-I, Bairasiul and Loktak Hydro-electric Projects from Central Hydroelectric Projects Control Board. Since then, it has executed 14 projects with an installed capacity of 5295 MW on ownership basis including projects taken up in joint venture. NHPC has also executed 5 projects with an installed capacity of 89.35 MW on turnkey basis. Two of these projects have been commissioned in neighbouring countries i.e. Nepal and Bhutan at a capacity of 14.1 &60 MW.

On-going work
Presently NHPC is engaged in the construction of 10 projects aggregating to a total installed capacity of 4502 MW . NHPC has planned to add 5322 MW during 11th Plan period. 12 projects of 9651 MW are awaiting clearances/Govt. approval for their implementation. Detailed Projects report or Feasibility Report are being prepared for 7 projects of 5755 MW.
Since its inception in 1975, NHPC has grown to become one of the largest organizations in the field of hydro power development in the country. With its present capabilities, NHPC can undertake all activities from concept to commissioning of hydroelectric projects.
Hydro Power Stations
Total - 5295 MW | Power Plant | State | | Commissioned | | | year of commission | | | | | | Capacity | | | | | | | | | (MW) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 1 | Baira siul | Himachal Pradesh | 180 | | 1981 | | | | | | | | | 2 | Loktak | Manipur | 105 | | 1983 | | 3 | Salal-I | Jammu & Kashmir | 345 | | 1987 | | 4 | Tanakpur | Uttarakhand | 120 | | 1992 | | 5 | Chamera-I | Himachal Pradesh | 540 | | 1994 | | 6 | Salal-II | Jammu & Kashmir | 345 | | 1996 | | | | | | | | | 7 | Uri-I | Jammu & Kashmir | 480 | | 1997 | | 8 | Rangit | Sikkim | 60 | | 1999 | | 9 | Chamera-II | Himachal Pradesh | 300 | | 2004 | | 10 | Indira Sagar | Madhya Pradesh | 1000 | | 2005 | | 11 | Dhauliganga-I | Uttarakhand | 280 | | 2005 | | 12 | Dul Hasti | Jammu & Kashmir | 390 | | 2007 | | 13 | Omkareshwar | Madhya Pradesh | 520 | | 2007 | | 14 | Teesta-V | Sikkim | 510 | | 2008 | | 15 | Sewa-II | Jammu & Kashmir | 120 | | 2010 | | | | | | | | | | |

Hydro Power Stations Under construction
Total - 4502 MW

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Power Plant | | | State | | | Total Capacity | | | Completion | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | (MW) | | | Schedule | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 1 | | | Kishenganga | | Jammu & Kashmir | 330 | | 2016 | | | 2 | | | Teesta Low | | West Bengal | 1320 | | 2011 | | | | | | Dam-III | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 3 | | | Parbati-II | | Himachal Pradesh | 800 | | 2013 | | | 4 | | | Subansiri | | Assam | 2000 | | 2012 | | | | | | (Lower) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 5 | | | Chamera-III | | Himachal Pradesh | 231 | | 2010 | | | 6 | | | Teesta Low | | West Bengal | 160 | | 2011 | | | | | | Dam-IV | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 7 | | | Parbati-III | | Himachal Pradesh | 520 | | 2010 | | | 8 | | | Nimmo-Bazgo | | Jammu & Kashmir | 45 | | 2010 | | | 9 | | | Chutak | | Jammu & Kashmir | 44 | | 2011 | | | 10 | | | Uri-II | | Jammu & Kashmir | 240 | | 2011 | | |

Hydro Power Stations constructed on Deposit/Turnkey Basis
Total - 89.3 MW

| | | | Power | | | Country/State | | | Total Capacity | | | Year of | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Plant | | | | | | (MW) | | | Commissioning | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 1 | | | Devighat | | Nepal | 14.1 | | 1984 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2 | | | Kurichu | | Bhutan | 60 | | 2002 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 3 | | | Kalpong | | Andaman and Nicobar | 5.25 | | 2001 | | | | | | | | Islands | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 4 | | | Sippi | | Arunachal Pradesh | 4 | | 2007 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 5 | | | Kambang | | Arunachal Pradesh | 6 | | 2008 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

During the financial year 2010-2011 , NHPC Power Stations achieved the highest ever generation of 18604 MU.


During the period 2010-2011 , NHPC had a sales turnover of 4046.59 crore with a Net Profit of 2166.67 crore.



It is located in the Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh at a distance of 135 kms from Pathankot, which is the nearest broad-gauge railhead. It utilizes the combined flow of three tributaries of River Ravi, viz. Baira, Siul and Bhaledh rives. It has been designed to generate 750 Million Units of energy in a 90% dependable year. Beneficiary States are Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and Delhi.
The scheme consists of a 53m high earth and rockfill dam across the Baira River. The dam diverts the water of the Baira and Bhaledh rivers through the intake structure to the main headrace tunnel. The water flows through a 7.63 km long horse-shoe shaped Head Race Tunnel and a 100 m deep, 3.0 m dia drop shaft to the 3 penstocks, each 2.75 m in diameter, a surface power house with three Francis type generating units of 60 MW each. The Power Station was commissioned in the year 1981. The power generated is evacuated through a 96 km long, 220 KV double circuit transmission line in to Northern Grid
Baira Siul Power Station is a major step towards harnessing hydroelectric potential in Himachal Pradesh. It envisages utilization of the combined inflow of three tributaries of the Ravi river, namely Baira, Siul and Bhaledh for generation of power on run-of-the-river basis. The installed capacity is 180 MW (3 x 60 MW). The annual designed energy from the project is 779.28 MU‟s in a 90% dependable year with 95% availability of installed capacity.
The project headquarter is at Surangani.The construction of the project was undertaken by the Central Government under the erstwhile Ministry of Irrigation and Power in 1970-71. The project was taken over by the National Hydroelectic Power Corporation on 20/01/1978. Units I, II and III were commissioned on 18/05/1980, 19/05/1980 and 13/09/1981 respectively. The commercial production started on 01/04/1982.

Salient Feature

Location | Distt. Chamba, | | | Himachal Pradesh | | | | | Approach | Nearest Rail Head | | | - Pathankot | | | | | Capacity | 180 MW (3 x 60 MW) | | Annual Generation | 779.28 million | | | units (90% dependable year) | | | | | Project Cost | Rs. 142.5 Crore | | | (Jan‟81 price level) | | | | | Beneficiary States | H.P., Punjab, | | | Haryana & Delhi | | | | | Year of Commissioning/Completion Schedule | 1981 | | | | |


VISION * A world class, diversified & transnational organization for sustainable development of hydro power and water resources with strong environment conscience.

MISSION * To achieve international standards of excellence in all aspects of hydro power and diversified business. * To execute and operate projects in a cost effective, environment friendly and socio-economically responsive manner. * To foster competent trained and multi-disciplinary human capital. * To continually develop state-of-the-art technologies through innovative R&D and adopt best practices. * To adopt the best practices of corporate governance and institutionalize value based management for a strong corporate identity. * To maximize creation of wealth through generation of internal funds and effective management of resources.


Bendick, M., Egan, M. & Lofhjelm, S. (2001). HR performance appraisal system, Vol. 24 No. 2, pp. 10-25.
This article‟s focus on the US workplace. Organizations can benefit from performance appraisal offering diversity training to employees. That is, training employees to respect others and not to act in a discriminatory manner towards fellow employees.
McGregor, L. (2000). Career Development International. Vol. 5 No. 4/5, pp. 244-249.
This article presents two models of mentoring. The traditional view of mentoring is facilitated mentoring where the more experienced person (mentor) acts as a role model for the less experienced person (mentee). Another approach is also offered – guided learning. A more experienced co-worker uses guided learning to teach a less experienced worker new skills.
Taylor, W. (2005). The Age, My Career Section, p. 11, 26/11/2005.
This paper outlines the experiences of two executive women in developing an internal mentoring program. The experiences demonstrate that the mentoring relationship not only benefits the mentees but also the mentor
While the increased demand for executive coaching in the marketplace has opened up, the increasing number of coaches of every type, training, and perspective has also grown (Brotman et al., 1998; Joo, 2005; Kampa-Kokesh, & Anderson, 2001; Wasylyshyn, 2003). It is surprising that with the increased use of executive coaching and the rising number of coaches, there has not been a professional association formed to develop and monitor the standards, requirements, and competency validation solely for executive coaches (Brotman et al., 1998; ICF, 2006; Wasylyshyn, 2003). This need has brought reactions from executives, coaches, and clients who suggest standardized methods.
Executives have recognized the significance of executive coaching in their professional performance, both personally and organizationally (Effron et al., 2005; Joo, 2005; Kampa-Kokesh, & Anderson, 2001; Turner, 2006; Wasylyshyn, 2003). During the beginning years of executive coaching, it was seen as an executive crutch to assist non-performers. Today, executive coaching is looked upon as a necessary tool and in some cases reserved only for senior executives (Joo, 2005; Kampa-Kokesh, & Anderson, 2001; Stevens, 2005; Turner, 2006; Wasylyshyn, 2003). One reason for the about face attitude could be the value executive coaching brings as a "time-out" break, from the unyielding demands of the corporate world, for inner-thought, assessment, positive criticism, and a co-development of strategies (Bacon & Spear, 2003; Brotman et al., 1998; Joo, 2005; Kampa-Kokesh & Anderson, 2001; Kilburg, 1996a; Orenstein, 2002; Stevens, 2005; Turner, 2006; Wasylyshyn, 2003)
One of the premier uses of executive coaching is to deliver "just-in-time" strategies for increasing one's personal performance and effectiveness by transforming weaknesses into strengths (Bacon & Spear, 2003; Kampa-Kokesh, & Anderson, 2001; Kilburg, 1996a; Orenstein, 2002; Wasylyshyn, 2003). Due to this increase in personal ROI, corporate America is enamored with executive coaching and the benefits it has brought in recent years (Bacon & Spear, 2003).
With many corporate incomes decreasing over the past few years, corporations have reevaluated their training and development practices, to include the use of external sources (Joo, 2005; Kampa-Kokesh, & Anderson, 2001; Turner, 2006; Wasylyshyn, 2003). As a result, executive coaching focuses on ensuring alignment with corporate strategy (Bluckert, 2005b; Brotman et al., 1998; Edwards, 2003; Levinson, 1996; Joo, 2005; Orenstein, 2006; Peterson, 1996; Saporito, 1996; Turner, 2006). In this changing corporate setting, executive coaching must be used in a laser-focused manner, rather than a liberally used improvised solution (Orenstein, 2006). Those corporations who have identified the need and usefulness of executive coaching have created an inner coaching environment to facilitate coaching through internal coaches (Turner, 2006).
It is in the new corporate coaching culture of companies employing their own coaches (internal) where the chemistry of the coaching relationship takes a back seat to replicable measures in the coaching protocol (Joo, 2005; Kampa-Kokesh & Anderson, 2001; Stevens, 2005; Turner, 2006; Wasylyshyn, 2003).


E-MAP (Moving Ahead through Performance) is the Performance Management System which is followed in NHPC. This system was introduced in the year 2007-08.
E-MAP aims at creating alignment of your goals with those of the company and enables you to effectively manage performance- for yourself and your team.
This system covers Frontline Executives and Middle level Executives of NHPC. Frontline Executives fall in the category from Engineer to Manager (E1-E4) and Middle level Executive starts from Senior Manager to Additional General Manager (E5-E7).
As a trial measure, in the year 2006-07 MAP was filled manually, i.e. it was not e-Enabled. From year 2007-08 it was switched over to e-Enabled. Upto year 2005, performance appraisal of an individual was filled in the form of Annual Confidential Report (ACR).
The features of MAP have been designed to reduce subjectivity and individual biasness that may impact the effectiveness of a performance management system.
The system is divided into two parts:
Part A: Key Result Area (KRA’s)
Part B: Skill/ Competency Assessment
The Map logo represents: * Excellence * Focus on people at the centre of the system * Sharp growth through performance * Alignment * Measurement

Definition of Performance

* Definition of Performance in MAP is based upon Key Result Areas or KRAs and Routine Responsibilities. * KRAs are "critical outcomes towards which effort is directed to achieve desired business results." * Routine Responsibilities are “significant on-going tasks or outcomes that are undertaken or delivered on a day-to-day basis.”

Unique Role and Responsibility (URR) templates provide the KRAs, relative weight of KRAs and Routine Responsibilities, the Competencies and their required Proficiency Levels for a role. The URR Template in MAP helps deliver consistency and clarity on expected performance measures to Appraises and Appraisers alike.
MAP allows the Appraise to define the performance measures applicable to the Appraise's situation using a combination of KRAs and Routine Responsibilities.
The achievement against targets set for each of these will together constitute the Appraise Performance Plan in the Performance Cycle or Period.

Performance Cycle at a Glance
A Performance Cycle refers to the year for which your performance is being evaluated. The Performance Cycle of MAP is one year coinciding with NHPC financial year.
MAP follows an April to March cycle and consists of three key phases: * Performance and Development Planning * Mid Year Review * Final Review
The figure below provides an overview of the Performance Cycle with key dates for each phase.

Performance Planning Phase of MAP is initiated in the month of March upon the finalization of the draft budget for NHPC. The targets finalized for the Unit, Product Group, Department and consequently the Section will serve as the starting point for an individual to do his Performance Planning.
The Balanced Score Card of the company is prepared at the company level at the beginning of the year based on the Strategic Plan as well as the MOU and Budget targets decided for the year.
Based on this, the Balanced Scorecards are also prepared for the following levels: * Unit Head Level * Product Group / Function Head Level * Department Head Level * Section Head Level
The Strategic Objectives of the Company / Unit / Product Group (PG) / Deptt. / Section for a given financial year is outlined in the Balanced Scorecard prepared for that Level. Although the Balanced Scorecard is prepared outside MAP, it is critical for the success of the system. The individual Performance Plans are derived from the Section Level BSC which will derive its strategic objectives and targets from the Department/ NC/ Unit and Company level BSCs through a process of cascading, thus ensuring proper alignment between the objectives /targets flowing from top to bottom.
Creating the Performance & Development Plan (P&DP)
The Performance Plan of an individual essentially consists of one section – KRAs. This is the essential component of any Performance Plan and the individual is expected to fill in this section adhering to all guidelines in order to be able to submit his plan to his Appraiser.

1. Selecting the KRAs
The Appraise will select relevant KRAs from the KRA Master of his function (i.e. the function to which he has been mapped). A minimum of six and a maximum of fifteen KRAs can be selected. (Max.15 from own KRA Master; 5 optional which can be taken from KRA Masters of other functions so as to ensure that the total no. of KRAs per plan does not exceed 15).
2. Target Setting and Action Plans for KRAs
For each KRA, 5 levels of performance must be defined by the Appraise that quantify the extent of achievement in a given timeframe (L5 being the best and L1 being the lowest level of performance)
Along with these, the Appraise will develop an Action Plan consisting of specific steps required to achieve the target for each KRA.
3. Assigning Weightage
The Appraise will propose weightages between 5% and 25% for each KRA. The total weightage for KRA (C) should be equal to or more than the Minimum Weightage for KRA(C) prescribed for the relevant URR to which the individual has been mapped. The total of all KRA weightages should add up to 100%. Maximum limit of weightages have been suggested for all KRAs across all functions for all the categories of URRs. Executives while assigning weightages to the KRAs selected by them in their plan cannot exceed the maximum permissible weightages specified against each KRA. This is ensured through inbuilt system checks.
The P&DP is now ready for submission.
Obtain Appraiser’s and Reviewer’s Sign-off
After creating his P&DP, the Appraise will submit his plan to his Appraiser. If the Appraiser wishes to modify the plan, he will discuss the same with the Appraise and make the necessary modifications. Thereafter, the Appraiser will forward the Performance Plan to the Reviewer for final sign-off. In case the Reviewer wishes to modify the plan, he can make the required modifications in the Plan after discussing with the Appraise and Reviewee and then grant final approval.
Mid Year Review is an interactive feedback session between the Appraise and Appraiser, conducted during the month of October for the half-year ended September 30. It is a mid-cycle process for reviewing and tracking achievements thus reducing the scope for year-end surprises.
The Mid Year Review does not result in a performance score and will be treated as a 'course correction mechanism" wherein the Appraiser guides the Appraise on whether the Appraise is on track to achieve the Performance and Development Plan finalised in April. The Appraise is able to incorporate these inputs to ensure achievement.
Mid Year Review begins with the Appraises‟ Self-Appraisal. In his self-appraisal, the Appraise will comment on his/ her current level of achievement on KRAs, which will then be discussed with the Appraiser for his feedback and inputs. During this phase, the Appraise also identifies both behavioral and functional competencies for his Development.
Creating the Development Plan using ”Competencies and Development Plan Section”
Development Planning in MAP focuses on building Individual Capability using Competencies.
From the list of Functional & Behavioural Competencies identified for the function, the Appraise will identify a minimum of one and maximum of three competencies during this Phase. These will be taken as training requirement which will be met in the following year. The urgent functional competencies will be arranged internally by the department.
Documentation of the Performance Discussion & completing the Competency Section concludes the Mid-Year Review Phase of MAP.

The Final Review Phase will begin with the Appraises‟ self-appraisal wherein he/she gives the assessment of Target Achievement on each KRA defined in the Performance Plan (Part-A).
The Appraiser will review the outcomes of self-appraisal and give his own assessment of the achievement of the targets in the performance plan for each KRA. In addition, he will also give his assessment on the Skills/ Competencies defined in Part B.
After appraisal by Appraiser, the plan will come back to the Appraise for his acceptance of the assessment done for KRAs (the assessment of Part B will not be visible to the Appraise). If the Appraise feels that his Appraisers' Assessment is correct, he can „Accept‟ and forward it to his Reviewer. However, in case of any issues regarding the assessment, the Appraise can request for a "Discussion" with his Appraiser. After the discussion, the Appraiser will finalize his assessment and send it back to the Appraise. The Appraise at this stage can either ‟Accept‟ the assessment or „Reject‟ it. In either case the plan will go to the Reviewer with the appropriate message for his final assessment.
The Reviewer will then give his assessment on the KRAs which will form the basis for calculation of the Consolidated Score of MAP for the individual. He will also give his assessment on the Skills/Competencies specified in Part B.
Thereafter, Part-B alone will travel forward to the Accepting Authority for his final assessment. Once this stage is complete, the Composite Score will get calculated in the system.
The Final Performance Score of MAP (Part-A) will be visible to the Appraise on his dashboard under the link „Final Review‟. Also visible will be those Competencies of Part B in which he has been given a final score of „2‟ or less on a five point scale.
The feedback during Mid Year Review will be taken into account to significantly add value to the Final Review. The Appraises self-appraisal will not directly contribute to the Performance
Score but will be viewed as the Appraises opportunity to share his/her perspective on his performance.
Feedback and Coaching by Appraiser will be a key component of the Final Review as this serves as an important input into the next cycle‟s Plan.
The following tools are used in the MAP: * Rating Scales. * Competencies and development plan. 1. RATING SCALES
Performance defined in MAP will be evaluated using 5-point Rating Scales. These Rating Scales will be used to assess the extent of accomplishment on KRA Targets, Routine Responsibilities and Competencies.
One common scale will be used for assessing accomplishment on KRAs and Routine Responsibilities, while another scale will be used for assessing accomplishment on Competencies.

Rating KRAs and Routine Responsibilities

KRAs and Routine Responsibilities have a 5-point scale where each rating has been articulated and explained.

Rating Competencies
The 5-point Rating Scale for Competencies is different from the one used for KRAs and Routine Responsibilities. The Appraise will be evaluated on all Competencies in the URR using the Competency Scale.
Each Rating on the scale has been articulated to describe the extent to which an Appraise has displayed the behaviors described in the required Proficiency Level of the Competency.
Based upon the behaviours observed, the Rating that best describes the set of displayed behaviours is chosen as the Rating on that Competency.
Competencies are skills and abilities described in terms of behaviors that are coachable, observable, measurable and critical to individual performance skills.
Competencies form the foundation of “what” capabilities are required for the successful execution of roles and responsibilities, thereby driving functional, unit and organization performance.
Competencies have been classified into two: * Behavioral – Are Competencies that define behaviors or attitudes required for performing certain jobs. * Functional / Technical – Competencies which relate to knowledge and skill required for performing the job are called technical /functional competencies.
Accordingly, there are two sets of Competency Masters in MAP: * Behavioral Competency Master * Functional Competency Master
The „Behavioral‟ Competency Master comprises a list of 18 competencies which are common for all Functions.
The „Functional‟ Competency Master comprises Function-wise list of Competencies pertaining to each function.
Development Plan
The Development Plan Module has been provided with the Mid Year Review Phase when the individuals will identify their development needs for the next year from the two sets of Competency Masters. The unit HRDC/HRDI will take inputs from this module to organize group training programmes in the subsequent year. Training needs which need to be fulfilled immediately can be arranged for by the concerned departments.
The Appraise will be required to select a minimum of one Competency from each of the two Masters, and a maximum of three Competencies from both Masters put together. These would be competencies which the individual would like to develop/ improve upon for better performance on the job.
BEHAVIOURAL COMPETENCIES OF MAP * Planning and Organizing * Initiative * Commitment to Quality * Creativity and Innovation * Interpersonal Relations * Cost Consciousness * Strategic Thinking * Customer Focus * Decision Making * Risk Taking * People Capability * Analytical Ability * Communication Skills * Teamwork * Achievement Orientation * Negotiation Skills * Problem Solving * Knowledge of Business Environment
The process of continuous Feedback and Coaching is an inherent and critical part of MAP.
The Mid Year and Final Reviews are specifically focused on Feedback and Coaching and hence require the Appraises and the Appraiser to have a formal feedback session.
For Feedback and Coaching to be truly effective, it should be provided and received on an on-going basis. When used effectively, Feedback & Coaching is a powerful means of positively impacting performance.
Feedback and Coaching helps an Appraiser in both obtaining information and providing inputs on how an Appraises is performing and whether or not he / she is headed in the right direction. It is also an opportunity for the Appraise to solicit resources and help that may be required for enhancing his/ her own performance.
Most people are comfortable in providing positive feedback. However, they are hesitant to initiate a conversation that involves sharing of negative or unpleasant performance-related information. Such hesitation needs to be overcome, considering the importance of feedback in correcting the performance level of the Appraise, and the consequent benefit to the Appraises career.

Coaching Impacts Performance
Feedback is of various types: * Positive feedback * Corrective feedback * Feedback focused on identifying obstacles to performance * Feedback for the purpose of sharing information etc.
The Objective of Part B is to assess the Skills/ Competencies possessed by individuals and factor in this assessment for the purpose of Promotion decisions.
There are two sets of Skills/ Competencies mapped to different levels of executives as follows:
E1A to E5 Skill/ Competency Set-1
E6 & E7 Skill/ Competency Set- 2
The weighted average score of Part-A and Part-B will give the Composite Score of the individual for that year which will be reckoned for promotion purposes only. The following weighages operate between Part-A (kRAs) and Part-B (Skills and Competencies) while calculating the Composite Score: EXECUTIVE | WEIGHTAGE OF | PART-A | WEIGHTAGE OF PART-B | BAND | (KRAs of e-MAP) | | (Skills/ Competencies) | | | | | E1A to E3 | 80% | | 20% | | | | | E4 & E5 | 70% | | 30% | | | | | E6 & E7 | 50% | | 50% | | | | |

(On a scale of 1 to 5 – 5 being the best and 1 the lowest) SKILLS/ COMPETENCIES
1. Functional / Technical Knowledge: Possesses knowledge related to function, understands and appropriately applies technical ability related to functional / technical expertise.
2. Leadership: Motivates & develops individuals. encourages team members in decision making.
3. Interpersonal Relations & Team playing: Sensitive to the needs and problems of others. Collaborates with colleagues to seek solutions that are beneficial to the team. Supports others‟ contribution and helps in achievement of teams‟ goals.
4. Analytical ability: Displays the ability to analyse information and draw logical conclusions.
5. Openness to continuous learning: Assesses and recognizes own strengths and weaknesses; pursues self-development.
6 Communication: Displays skill to give and receive instructions accurately; has ability to present issues lucidly and share information with all concerned.
7. Initiative & Resourcefulness: Able to act effectively / imaginatively to accomplish mission ; takes initiative to solve problems/ improve processes.
8. Achievement / Result orientation: Displays zeal to achieve by aggressively and passionately pursuing targets which have a standard of excellence.
9. Sense of Responsibility / Tenacity: Meets targets; shoulders responsibility; minimal follow-up required.
10. Quality of work: Displays thoroughness, accuracy and general excellence of output ; produces work free from errors; shows consistency of output under varying conditions.

11. Customer Focus & Service Orientation: Displays ability to strive for success of both internal & external customers through high responsiveness and delivering value.
12. Administrative / Executive ability: Displays ability to objectively view administrative situations and demonstrates courage in enforcing financial and personal discipline; has ability to appraise subordinates objectively. LIST OF SKILLS/COMPETENCIES TO BE ASSESSED FOR EXECUTIVES IN GRADES E6 &E7
1. Business Environment Knowledge: Knowledge and understanding of economic, legal, socio-political trends.
2. Profession Specific Knowledge: Knowledge related to profession as a whole. Knowledge which is determined by authority & responsibility of other positions, knowledge of mission, values and standard operating procedures, policies.
3. Making Business Decisions: Use business related data to sport effective and timely business decisions by *Systematically gathering relevant business information *Identifying the strengths and weaknesses of a particular business line *Recognizing opportunities or threats and acting on them rapidly *Using business facts collected in daily decision making.
4. Vision: Develop a vision for the future of the organization by : *Grasping the meaning of trends & interrelationships between the organization and its environment at the local, national and international level *Identifying fundamental values and beliefs to guide the organization into the future.
5. Systematic Thinking: Identifying connections between situations that are not obviously related *using common sense, past experience and basic rules to identify key underlying issues *Generating and testing hunches which may explain complex situations or problems.
6. Networking: To cultivate an informal network which may help to get things done through *Developing contacts with people outside of the immediate work Unit *Using networks as a source of information & support.
7. Organizing Resources: Ensure that all financial, personnel and/or other resources are in place to meet needs by *Identifying and acquiring the resources. *Allocating and utilizing the resources in a timely and cost effective way *Monitoring and controlling all resources required to maintain the efficiency of operations.
8. Inspire People: To generate a sense of purpose for the work done by the organization instilling enthusiasm, loyalty and commitment among team members at all levels of the organization *Inspiring, motivating and guiding others towards organizational goals and objectives *Setting an example for others by behaving in ways that are consistent with espoused beliefs and values and the organization‟s vision and direction.
9. Team Player: To contribute to group objectives in a team environment through *Cooperating and interacting well with others *Contributing actively and fully to team projects *Working collaboratively as opposed to competitively with others *Acknowledging diverse opinions, addressing relevant concerns and working towards consensual solutions that enhance the output of the team.

1. Fairness: Decisions are made objectively, free from patronage and reflect the just treatment of employees and applicants.
2. Transparency: There is open communication about every aspect of managerial decisions which concern people.
3. Trust: Trustworthiness leading to confidence *Allow staff the freedom to grow and develop *Relate to others on the basis of mutual respect * Courage to stand by ones convictions.
4. Candour: Frank and forthright *Give and receive constructive criticism/suggestions *openly discuss performance deficiencies and take corrective action *Appreciate good performance *Be consistent in words and deeds *Face up to ones mistakes.
5. Collaboration: Working in tandem * Open in sharing information and in seeking suggestions / opinion * Sensitive to concerns of others * Honouring commitments *Encourage team work across departments / functions.

6. Involvement: Total commitment *Be dedicated and committed to work. *Build commitment by encouraging wide participation in decision making process to the maximum extent possible.
7. Flexibility: Ability to participate and adapt to changing circumstances using sound judgement *Open to accepting new ideas * Willing to learn from anyone and to do things differently *Prepared to operate and adapt to different environments.
8. Willingness to accept challenge:*Be willing to experiment*Allow for freedom to fail, but learn from it too.
9. Discipline: Adherence to accepted norms *Honour promises and adhere to agreed system *Respect for others time and space * Exercise self control.
10. Ethical Behaviour: Demonstrate honesty and sincerity in every action *Apply sound business and professional ethics *Show consistency with principles, values and behaviors.
1. Leadership Abilities: Demonstrates ability *For guiding collective decision making *For succession planning *Crisis management and *Ability to take risks.
2. Team Building: Demonstrates effectiveness in re-organizing his/her own department *Manage diverse and divergent views and group processes without losing sight of objectives.
3. Ability to build a strategic Vision: *Demonstrates ability to manage change *Focus on long term issues *strategic thinking *Translate vision into goals.
4. Business Sense: *Commitment to bottom line results by enhancing revenue generation by addressing interest of customers and stakeholders *Balancing need for viable short and long term performance *Optimizing unit/organization‟s contribution while supporting corporate objectives *Spotting and pursuing new business opportunities wherever possible.
5. Communication skills : Communicate ideas and information effectively and market key points effectively through public speaking and presentation * Ability to convert ideas through action plans and ensure acceptability within the organization and performance at Board meetings

The research design in my case was exploratory research design, which is also known Formulate Research Design.
The main purpose of my study was getting the opinion of people regarding the performance appraisal system and what are the problems which are faced by the appraises and the appraisers.
The research design in my study was flexible to provide opportunities for considering different aspects of the problem under study.
Types of Data collected:
• Primary: First hand information was received from the employees through questionnaires and personal interviews.
• Secondary: The data from internet was collected to get a better insight and the company’s manual.
Simple random sampling refers to the sampling technique in which each and every item of the population is given equal chance of being included in the sample.
Random sampling is sometimes referred to as REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLING. If the sample is chosen at random and if the sample is sufficiently large, it will represent all groups in the population. A random sample is also known as PROBABILITY SAMPLE because every item of the population has equal opportunity of being selected in the sample.
Sample size:
The sample size of my project is
1. Are you satisfied with the present performance appraisal system (E-map)?
(a) Yes [ ] (b) No [ ] If No, then why …………………………..
60%- YES
40%- NO Interpretation: More than half of the employees are satisfied with the present performance appraisal system. The employees who are not satisfied are mainly from E-1 to E-3 level.

2. Do you think the present system is effective / better than the previous appraisal system? (a) Yes [ ] (b) No [ ]
30%- YES
70%- NO
Interpretation: 70% of employees think that the current system (e-Map) is better than the previous system (ACR) because earlier their result was totally confidential and was not known

3. Do you think the e-map system reduces biasness? (a) Yes [ ] (b) No [ ]
60%- YES
40%- N0
Interpretation: 60% of the employees think that this system reduces biasness because the KRA evaluation is transparent to each Appraise.

4. As an Appraise do you face any problem while selecting the KRAs?
(a) Yes [ ] (b) No [ ]
20%- YES
80%- NO
Interpretation: 80% executives have no problem in selecting the KRA‟s because everything is completely elaborated and they are given choices to choose among many of their caliber.

5. Does your appraiser help you in selecting the KRAs? (a) Yes [ ] (b) No [ ]
85%- YES
15%- NO
Interpretation: 85% executives are helped by their appraisers in selecting KRA’s. This shows the good inter personal relationship between the appraise and the appraiser.

6. Do you think the present list of KRAs cover all aspect of your job? (a) Yes [ ] (b) No [ ]
85%- YES
15%- NO
Interpretation: Only 25% executives feel that the present list of KRA’s doesn’t cover all aspects of their job. The Executives which are under grade E1- E3 are unsatisfied.
7. Do you get any formal feedback regarding your performance?
(a) Yes [ ] (b) No [ ]
70%- YES
30%- NO
Interpretation: 70% executive says that they get the formal feedback regarding their performance by their superiors regularly while carrying out their work.

8. Do you find these steps effective / useful in your job?
(a) Yes [ ] (b) No [ ]
65%- YES
35%- NO
Interpretation: 65% executive feels that these steps are useful as they develop their skills and competencies.


* Most of the appraises find problem in selecting their KRA‟s. * Some appraisers don’t help their appraises in selecting the KRA‟s as they think its not their work. * Formal feedback is given by the appraisers on day- to- day basis. * Job related training is given to the executives and they think it really helps them in their further growth. * Most of the executives are satisfied with the current scenario of performance appraisal as compared to older one.

From the research it has been concluded that most of the executives who are not satisfied with the present performance appraisal system are the executives from E1 to E3 level as they think it is quiet complicated. They find problems in selecting their KRA‟s from the KRA master as there are so many KRA‟s and they have to select the KRA‟s which are related to their work. Appraises also want that the score of Part- B of E- Map should be known to them and the basis on which their score is given. But appraisers feel that the score of Part B should not be known to appraises as the think it is the only way by which some how they can control the behavior of the executive. Appraisers don‟t have any problem with this system as they are quite experienced.
Appraisers give proper feedback to their appraises on day today basis and proper training or challenging tasks are given to improve their performance. mainly the formal training is given at the time of joining the organization but if the employees face any problem later at the time of their job, their superiors help them in resolving their problems at the same time.
But some appraises feel that they are not given proper feedback and even they don‟t want any feedback as they think that they know their work very well.


* Proper training program should be conducted about the E-Map system for the new trainees. * Whenever there are any changes in the KRA‟s the executives should be informed about it in advance. * Executives should be know that on what basis they performance is being measured in Part-B as this plays an important role at the time of their promotion. * Some personality development trainings should also be provided apart from mere job oriented training


* Little co-operations of some person due to conservative mind. * Some people have no time to give answer. * Sometimes people do not tell truth and fill it just for fun sake.


1. Are you satisfied with the present performance appraisal system (E-map)? (a) Yes [ ] (b) No [ ] If No than why ………………………….. 2. | Do you think the present system is effective / better than the previous appraisal system? | | (a) Yes [ | ] | (b) No [ | ] | 3. | Do you think the e-map system reduces biasness? | | (a) Yes [ | ] | (b) No [ | ] | 4. | As an Appraise do you face any problem while selecting the KRAs? | | (a) Yes [ | ] | (b) No [ | ] | 5. | Does your appraiser helps you in selecting the KRAs? | | (a) Yes [ | ] | (b) No [ | ] | 6. | Do you think the present list of KRAs cover all aspect of your job? | | (a) Yes [ | ] | (b) No [ | ] | 7. | Do you think the part B of e-map system should be transparent to an appraise? | | (a) Yes [ | ] | (b) No [ | ] | 8. | Do you get any formal feedback regarding your performance? | | (a) Yes [ | ] | (b) No [ | ] | 9. | Are any steps taken to improve the performance if not upto the mark? | | (a) Yes [ | ] | (b) No [ | ] | 10. Do you find these steps effective / useful in your job? | | (a) Yes [ | ] | (b) No [ | ] |

11. As an appraiser what problem do you face ?
12. Suggestion as an appraise
13. Suggestion as an appraiser
Name:: ……………………………
Designation: ……………………………

* * * * Business knowledge source on job evaluation by Steve M.jex. * Handbook of Applied Behaviours Analysis. John Austin & James E. crr. * Management of Human Resources, Gary Dessler * * * www.hrclub.nic…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...BINDURA UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE EDUCATION FACULTY OF COMMERCE DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS COURSE OUTLINE FOR ECONOMIC PRINCIPLES1 – EC101 Lecturers : A.Chingarande (0776326638), F. Tafirei (0772757491) & M. Mzumara (0712737723) Emails :, & Consulting Times: Tuesdays and Thursdays 0900 Hrs – 1100Hrs or by appointment Venue : Office No H8 (Clinic Office) Main Campus Course Aims:   Provide a basis of factual knowledge of economics; Encourage the student to develop:  a facility for self-expression, not only in writing but also in using additional aids, such as statistics and diagrams, where appropriate;  the habit of using works of reference as sources of data specific to economics;  the habit of reading critically to gain information about the changing economy we live in; and  an appreciation of the methods of study used by the economist, and of the most effective ways economic data may be analysed, correlated, discussed and presented. Course Objectives:      Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the specified content; Interpret economic information presented in verbal, numerical or graphical form; Explain and analyse economic issues and arguments, using relevant economic concepts, theories and information; Evaluate economic information, arguments, proposals and policies, taking into consideration relevant information and theory, and distinguishing facts from hypothetical statements and......

Words: 1280 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Introduction to Business 2012/2013 Tuesday, 9 October 2012 TOPIC: Business Assets – Part 1 Dr Darja Peljhan ASSETS ASSETS are only those INPUTS that are owned by the company. • All assets are property of a company and are recorded in the balance sheet. Not all inputs are also assets! • In economics: we talk about physical production and inputs  inputs are typically capital and labour, by capital we mean “physical” capital (property, plant, equipment) and not “financial” capital (equity). • In accounting: we talk about property and assetscapital (equity!!)is one of the sources of financing The difference between inputs and assets: - rented offices (input, but not asset – the rent is in IS, nothing in BS ) - rights (patents, licenses, claims – assets, but not inputs) - labour (input, but not asset – the cost of labour is in IS, nothing in BS) - services (input, but not asset – the cost of services is in IS, nothing in BS) 1 ASSETS Two major components of assets are: 1. FIXED ASSETS (more than one year in a company) - Tangible assets that have a long-term usefulness (property, plant & equipment) - Intangible assets with long-term value (patents etc.) 2. CURRENT ASSETS (up to one year in a company) - Inventories of raw material, work in progress and finished goods - Accounts receivable are claims against customers for products sold - Cash - Trading securities ASSETS Balance Sheet Shows property (Assets) and how......

Words: 1137 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...Ozone Layer Depletion: Introduction Are we damaging our protective blanket? Sunlight contains some ultraviolet light, and when we expose ourselves to too much of it, we get a sunburn. Over time, too much exposure to ultraviolet light can lead to cataracts and skin cancer. The earth has a layer in the upper atmosphere, consisting mostly of ozone gas, that filters out most of the ultraviolet in the sun's radiation. Recently there has been scientific evidence that we have been releasing gases that damage this layer. Our country and others have reacted by invoking legislation that should eliminate these contaminants from the atmosphere.   What does the Ozone Layer do? * Ozone absorbs 99% of the harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Without the Ozone Layer * Most of the harmful UV radiation will penetrate the atmosphere. The Ozone Layer The ozone layer is a layer in Earth's atmosphere which contains relatively high concentrations of ozone (O3). This layer absorbs 97-99% of the sun's high frequency ultraviolet light, which is potentially damaging to life on earth. Over 90% of ozone in earth's atmosphere is present here "Relatively high" means a few parts per million—much higher than the concentrations in the lower atmosphere but still small compared to the main components of the atmosphere. It is mainly located in the lower......

Words: 937 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...a. Competition: The objectives, strategies, strengths, and weaknesses of your primary competitors (David, 2005). Table 1: Competitor Analysis Variables | Your Company | China Highlights | Haivenu | Competitor 3 | Location | America | China | Vietnam | | Hours | 5 days a week 8hrs a day from 9am-5pm | 5 days a week from 8:00 to 18:00 with 2 hours break from 12:00 to 14:00 | 24 hours a day via email and phone. | | Average Ticket | Not avaiblable | Depend on each tour, arround $1000 to $6000 | Depend on each tour | | Tour | Customers signatures | Through out china | Throug out Vietnam | | Sale | Small | Very large | Not available | | Reputation | New company No reputation | Great reputaion | Well earned reputation | | Group size tour | 6-20 passengers | Private tour and no limited group size for group travelers. | Privete tour and no limited group size for group travelers. | | Website: China Highlights: Haivenu: China Highlights Another competitor that share the same chinese market with us is China Highlights. The company was established in 1998 as a devision of CITS Guilin (a travel agent was founded in 1959). China Highlights is given the big service experiences from CITS Guilin in order to provide the highest quality for international visistors to......

Words: 912 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Final exam will cover the sources of capital and working capital and cash flow management. Sources of capital (XEROX copy) Working capital and cash flow management Working capital- is a portion of the firm’s capital continuously converted into cash fund, from its inventories, to account receivables to cash. It may include: firm’s safe cash, checks for encashment; bank accounts balances; marketable securities; notes and accounts receivables; supplies; inventories; prepaid expenses; and deferred items. Firm’s needs working capital for the following reasons: 1. Inventory replenishment 2. As provision for operating expenses for the day-to –day transactions. 3. Back up for credit sales 4. As a provision for a safety margin for unexpected expenses, possible delays in cash inflow or decline in revenue. Cash management –activities that aim to covers all firms cash expenditure and investing the idle cash to earn even to the minimal interest. Liquidity management-it requires maintenance of sufficient amount of cash to cover the cash requirements of the company, from various sources including: cash sales; collection of account receivables; loans; sales of assets; ownership contribution; or advances from customers. Inventory management consists of: a. liquidity- is measured in terms of inventory turnover b. Profitability-= is measured in terms of sales and profits. Working capital is sometimes classified as gross or net working capital,......

Words: 886 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...The 6th International Scientific Conference “DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE 21st CENTURY” Braşov, December 02-03, 2011 ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE LTC. Tirtan Catalin Army Academy “Nicolae Bălcescu”/ Sibiu/ Romania Abstract: This article examines the existing literature on relationships between an organization and its culture, processes and approaches, individual efforts of those involved from leaders to employee. The paper further argues that certain organizational cultural attributes contribute to the shaping of future courses of action, failure or not in achieving change, and considerate the goals and strategies of the business. Next, this article focuses on vision, values, and mission as core descriptive of an organization and the climate required for successful achievement of the mission statement and vision statement. Basically, organizational culture is the personality of the organization, and will drive the employee’s efficiency and company performance levels. Culture is comprised of the assumptions, values, norms and tangible signs (artifacts) of organization members and their behaviors, and leadership. Keywords: Organizational, vision, mission, culture, performance, culture of forgiveness, and leadership 1. Introduction Organizational culture can be described as “the personality of an organization”, or simply as “how things are done around here”. It shows how employees think, act, and feel. Organization culture is a key aspect to the organization's success...

Words: 3008 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay


...Associate Level Material Bob Purcell Appendix B Price Elasticity and Supply & Demand Fill in the matrix below and describe how changes in price or quantity of the goods and services affect either supply or demand and the equilibrium price. Use the graphs from your book and the Tomlinson video tutorials as a tool to help you answer questions about the changes in price and quantity Event | Market affected by event | Shift in supply, demand, or both. Explain your answer. | Change in equilibrium | Frozen orange crops in California | Orange juice | Supply (left)—Not as many available oranges to offer consumers. | Price will increase and quantity will decrease. | Hurricanes in the Gulf Coast | Retail | Demand- food, water and emergency rescue. | Supply will increase and prices will decrease. | Cost of cotton decreases | cotton | Demand is higher due to lower prices and the supply lowers. | Price and quantity both decrease. | Technology improves efficiency in pasta manufacturing | pasta | Demand will remain the same and there will be little shift in supply. | Supply and demand are evenly balanced. | * 1. What do substitutes refer to in economics? Give an example of two substitutes. “When a fall in the price of one good reduces the demand for another good, the two goods are called substitutes” (Mankiw, 2007, p.68). Substitutes are goods that can be used to take the place of the other. For instance, if the price of Coca-Cola and Pepsi are high...

Words: 1022 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...1. ------------------------------------------------- cupcake ------------------------------------------------- Ingredients • 2 1/4 cups all purpose flour • 1 1/3 cups sugar • 3 teaspoons baking powder • 1/2 teaspoon salt • 1/2 cup shortening • 1 cup milk • 1 teaspoon vanilla • 2 large eggs ------------------------------------------------- Easy Cupcake Recipe Directions Preheat oven to 350 degrees.  Line cupcake pans with paper liners. Combine flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt in a large mixing bowl.  Add shortening, milk, and vanilla.  Beat for 1 minute on medium speed.  Scrape side of bowl with a spatula. Add eggs to the mixture.  Beat for 1 minute on medium speed.  Scrape bowl again.  Beat on high speed for 1 minute 30 seconds until well mixed. Spoon cupcake batter into paper liners until 1/2 to 2/3 full. Bake for 20 to 25 minutes or until toothpick inserted in center comes out clean. Cool 5 minutes in pans then remove and place on wire racks to cool completely. Once cupcakes are completely cooled, frost with your favorite frosting recipe or decorate as you desire. 2. Cupcake ------------------------------------------------- Ingredients • 3 oz. unsweetened chocolate, melted • 1 teaspoon vanilla • 2 large eggs • 2/3 cup butter, softened • 1 and 1/4 cup water • 2 and 1/4 cup all purpose flour • 1 and 3/4 cup sugar • 1 teaspoon baking powder • 3/4 teaspoon baking soda • 1/4 teaspoon......

Words: 863 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Harry Liu Lori Runkle Language class 2A 25 October 2012 Is Starbucks a Good Choice? Let us set a certain setting, “It is a cold night during the winter. It is freezing cold outside, and you decide to buy a cup of coffee to keep warm. (It is always a good choice to buy a cup of coffee in the cold winter.) There are several choices including Starbucks, COSTA, Macafee , or perhaps some Nestle instant coffee.” I suppose most of those people who live in urban areas would probably choose Starbucks. As a matter of fact, I myself am a Starbucks’ fan. I have always had a weak point for their latte and cappuccino. But still, there are many people who suppose Starbucks is very costly and that instant coffee is just as good. So here comes the problem, is Starbucks a sensible choice? Starbucks may give you an impression that they did many beneficial things for the environment. Even at the back of their invoice, they print their so-called “Share Planet” project to contribute to help the environment. Starbucks™ Shared Planet™ means focusing on the core areas where we have the biggest influence – ethical sourcing, environmental stewardship and community involvement.(Starbucks share the planet project) But what have have done? The bizarre policy in Starbucks which is aimed at preventing germs developing in the taps in its 10,000 stores worldwide, has outraged environmental groups. Every Starbucks......

Words: 1347 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...ALEXANDRIA UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF COMMERCE [pic] Organizational Behavior and Management Instructor: Dr. Aly A. Messallam Term Paper Impact of Motivation On Employee’s Performance & Turnover Prepared By: Amr A. Lotfy Table of content 1- Abstract ……………………………………………….3 2- Introduction………………………………………….4 3- Literature review………………………………….4 4- Motivation theories…………………………...…5 5- Turnover…………………………………..………….11 6- Performance Improvement and Appraisal for Employees……………..15 7- Existing situation………………………………..17 8- Conclusion and suggestions………………..18 9- References…………………………………………..19 1- Abstract In any organization employee motivation is the key factor for organizational performance. Since motivation influences productivity, managers need to understand what motivates employees to reach peak performance. It is not an easy task to increase employee motivation because employees respond in different ways to their jobs and their organization's practices. Managers pay a heavy price when employees have motivation problems. When high-performing employees have unresolved motivation issues, their performance either declines or they leave for another job. When poor-performing employees are not motivated to improve, they drag down results, reduce productivity among their team members and, worse, seldom leave because they have no place to go. Alexandria Mineral Oils Company (AMOC) is an industrial company working in the field of......

Words: 4227 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay


...ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to convey my sincere thanks to ALLAH because he has given me the opportunity to complete my internship .The Almighty for whom we are living in this beautiful world and able to conduct our works. Off course, I acknowledge the support & assistance given by a number of people. I am grateful to many individuals for the completion of the report successfully. Stamford University Bangladesh & Islami Bank Bangladesh limited both provided enormous support & guidance for my internship program. I would like to acknowledge my honorable assistant lecturer “Mostofa Mahmud Hasan”. He sincerely helped me and has given necessary suggestions in preparing my internship report .I like to express my gratitude to my honorable course co-coordinator Mahmuda Sultana, for all of her guidance & co-operation throughout my internship program. I am thankful to Md. Mosiur Rahman, Assistant officer Md. Mamunur Rashid. Probationary officer for all their continuous co-operation in every step from beginning to end of preparing this report. I would also like to take this opportunity to express my whole hearted gratitude to my fellow friends near and dear ones who faired encouragement, information, inspiration and assistance during the course of constructing this internship report. Executive Summary: This report will give a clear idea about total activities and its performance. Especially this report focuses on the “Analysis of Different Modes of Investment of...

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...Insomnia I woke up, bathed in sweat. Once again a nightmare disturbed my night´s sleep. It was too early to early to get up, but I was restless. I knew I would not be able to fall asleep again, doesn´t matter how hard I´d try. I hated to get up at an unearthly hour! I rolled out of bed and trudged into the kitchen to have some lemonade. It was still dark outside and the windy weather made the trees outside scratch against my windows. The thought about my nightmare disgusted me. I drank my glass of lemonade at one go. Afterwards I went to the bathroom to get some cold water in my face to refresh up a bit. I looked myself in the eyes in the mirror with dislike, wondering why such nightmares were torturing me night after night. I hated myself for that, but could not help it anyway. All day long at work I was absent and worn out. All I could think about was that I wanted some sleep. I felt like I did not sleep a wink last night. Pictures from the nightmare whirled around in my head like an infinite movie. The whole day was a pure nightmare too, people looked strangely at me like I was a sick person instead of asking how I felt. But on the other hand I would not like to answer if they did anyway. None of their business. That night I lay in my bed and stared around in the room for indefinite time. I felt so tired, but I was afraid of falling asleep to get hunted by nightmares again. I thought about how I could make an end of this riot. I was sick and tired of that......

Words: 1336 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Executive Summary A group of investors has purchased the U.S. rights to sell a patented, innovative mousetrap from an inventor. The group has hired Martha House to manage the company that includes assuming responsibility for sales and marketing. Trap-Ease America has targeted the trap to housewives, whom it believes will be attracted... Trap-Ease America has the patent to a revolutionary new mouse trap. Trap-Ease America expected the revolutionary mouse trap to sell like hot cakes unfortunately things have not progressed as predicted so far. A few major problems can be identified with the overall business strategy of Trap-Ease America. First of all, the President of the company happens to be the only sales person as well for the product. Secondly, there seems to be a wrong selection in terms of market segmentation. Even though the product is a revolutionary one, however it is still only an improvement of an age-old device. Regardless of how much promotion the product has received from third party reviewers, the consumers still need to be educated on why this more expensive mouse trap is better than the conventional ones. Thus it is imperative that the President hires experienced sales people in order to reach and educate more potential consumers. Apart from that, it is also important to change focus in terms of target market, since the current strategy is targeting women. The target market should be anybody facing the issue of mice in their household. With the right......

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Docx Insomnia I woke up, bathed in sweat. Once again a nightmare disturbed my night´s sleep. It was too early to early to get up, but I was restless. I knew I would not be able to fall asleep again, doesn´t matter how hard I´d try. I hated to get up at an unearthly hour! I rolled out of bed and trudged into the kitchen to have some lemonade. It was still dark outside and the windy weather made the trees outside scratch against my windows. The thought about my nightmare disgusted me. I drank my glass of lemonade at one go. Afterwards I went to the bathroom to get some cold water in my face to refresh up a bit. I looked myself in the eyes in the mirror with dislike, wondering why such nightmares were torturing me night after night. I hated myself for that, but could not help it anyway. All day long at work I was absent and worn out. All I could think about was that I wanted some sleep. I felt like I did not sleep a wink last night. Pictures from the nightmare whirled around in my head like an infinite movie. The whole day was a pure nightmare too, people looked strangely at me like I was a sick person instead of asking how I felt. But on the other hand I would not like to answer if they did anyway. None of their business. That night I lay in my bed and stared around in the room for indefinite time. I felt so tired, but I was afraid of falling asleep to get hunted by nightmares again. I thought about how I could make an end of this riot. I was sick and tired of that......

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Website: Banking Regulation & Policy Department Bangladesh Bank Head Office Dhaka BRPD Circular No.02 Date: February 27, 2011 ---------------------Falgun 15, 1417 Chief Executives All Scheduled Banks in Bangladesh Policy Guidelines for Green Banking Introduction: We are aware that global warming is an issue that calls for a global response. The rapid change in climate will be too great to allow many eco-systems to suitably adapt, since the change have direct impact on biodiversity, agriculture, forestry, dry land, water resources and human health. Due to unusual weather pattern, rising greenhouse gas, declining air quality etc. society demands that business also take responsibility in safeguarding the planet. Green finance as a part of Green Banking makes great contribution to the transition to resource-efficient and low carbon industries i.e. green industry and green economy in general. Green banking is a component of the global initiative by a group of stakeholders to save environment. The state of environment in Bangladesh is rapidly deteriorating. The key areas of environmental degradation cover air pollution, water pollution and scarcity, encroachment of rivers, improper disposal of industrial medical and house-hold waste, deforestation, loss of open space and loss of biodiversity. In addition, Bangladesh is one of the most climate change vulnerable countries. In line with ...

Words: 2489 - Pages: 10