Free Essay

Doc Lock Dock Shock the Flock

In: Other Topics

Submitted By IsakBotma
Words 607
Pages 3
Laccetti (professor of humanities at Stevens Institute of Technology) and Molski, in their essay entitled The Lost Art of Writing,[12][13] are critical of the terms, predicting reduced chances of employment for students who use such slang, stating that, "Unfortunately for these students, their bosses will not be 'lol' when they read a report that lacks proper punctuation and grammar, has numerous misspellings, various made-up words, and silly acronyms." Fondiller and Nerone[14] in their style manual assert that "professional or business communication should never be careless or poorly constructed" whether one is writing an electronic mail message or an article for publication, and warn against the use of smileys and these abbreviations, stating that they are "no more than e-mail slang and have no place in business communication".

Yunker and Barry[15] in a study of online courses and how they can be improved through podcasting have found that these slang terms, and emoticons as well, are "often misunderstood" by students and are "difficult to decipher" unless their meanings are explained in advance. They single out the example of "ROFL" as not obviously being the abbreviation of "rolling on the floor laughing" (emphasis added). Haig[1] singles out LOL as one of the three most popular initialisms in Internet slang, alongside BFN ("bye for now") and IMHO ("in my honest/humble opinion"). He describes the various initialisms of Internet slang as convenient, but warns that "as ever more obscure acronyms emerge they can also be rather confusing". Bidgoli[17] likewise states that these initialisms "save keystrokes for the sender but [...] might make comprehension of the message more difficult for the receiver" and that "[s]lang may hold different meanings and lead to misunderstandings especially in international settings"; he advises that they be used "only when you are sure that the other person knows the meaning".

Shortis[8] observes that ROTFL is a means of "annotating text with stage directions". Hueng,[5] in discussing these terms in the context of performative utterances, points out the difference between telling someone that one is laughing out loud and actually laughing out loud: "The latter response is a straightforward action. The former is a self-reflexive representation of an action: I not only do something but also show you that I am doing it. Or indeed, I may not actually laugh out loud but may use the locution 'LOL' to communicate my appreciation of your attempt at humor."

David Crystal notes that use of LOL is not necessarily genuine,[18] just as the use of smiley faces or grins is not necessarily genuine, posing the rhetorical question "How many people are actually 'laughing out loud' when they send LOL?". Franzini[2] concurs, stating that there is as yet no research that has determined the percentage of people who are actually laughing out loud when they write LOL.

Victoria Clarke, in her analysis of telnet talkers,[19] states that capitalization is important when people write LOL, and that "a user who types LOL may well be laughing louder than one who types lol", and opines that "these standard expressions of laughter are losing force through overuse". Egan[3] describes LOL, ROTFL, and other initialisms as helpful as long as they are not overused. He recommends against their use in business correspondence because the recipient may not be aware of their meanings, and because in general neither they nor emoticons are (in his view) appropriate in such correspondence. June Hines Moore[20] shares that view. So, too, does Lindsell-Roberts,[21] who gives the same advice of not using them in business correspondence, "or you won't be LOL".…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Shock Doctrine

...The question on my mind after seeing The Shock Doctrine was whether ends justify means. Quite possibly, this is the question Klein wanted to be asked, because much of her case regards the distasteful means taken in order to further free market economics, tactics which the very proponents of these dogmas may feel they want to disassociate themselves with. However, my question was about Klein's/Winterbottom's own tactics. The film uses all methods that we've grown used to from modern politics: cherry-picked facts, "proofs" by emotionally-charged metaphors, hinted claims of guilt by association, sound-bite slogans that are repeated incessantly, and, of course, scare tactics. Sad to say, I've come to expect these things from political candidates that need to make their points in a 30-second TV appearance. I've even come to expect them in rating-seeking news programs. But have we stooped so low that these tactics are now par-for-the-course in documentaries, where a film-maker has 90 minutes of canvas to make a clear, compelling, and well-argued case? I happen to agree with Klein's stance that extreme capitalism is dangerous, and I think what we are seeing in both Europe and China in recent years (e.g. the collapse of Chinese nation-wide education and health policies) are just further proofs of the narrative Klein forwards. However, I don't see that there is a well-argued case here that would convince someone claiming that any change, good or bad, rarely happens in a peaceful......

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Culture Shock

...symptoms mostly were the feeling of loneliness and sadness. I also slept a lot. I felt like I just wanted to go deeper and deeper in my sleep and dream about my sweet home. I refused to go out and talk to native people. All I did was sitting in front of my laptop and watched Vietnamese movies or read Vietnamese magazines. It was all for the purpose of killing time and forgetting the emptiness in my heart. There are a lot of different theories about the phases of culture shock. The differences mostly depend on each individual’s personality. The most common theory is identified by Kalvero Oberg. He discovered the five distinct stages of culture shock in 1958, the five stages of culture shock. The first stage is called “honeymoon stage”. When entering to a new country, you may feel excited and eager to experiences new things. You’re in awe of the differences you see. Just looking at everything in the new place reminds you of sweet home during this stage. Desi Downey, an author of the article Culture Shock: It's the Little Things That Count in the Biggest Ways, lived in China for six years, and taught English there for much of that time. She narrated her own story when she first moved to China since her husband was offered a chance to work there. Before she ever left the States, she was really excited. The first thing she did was “run down to the local bookstore and buy a whole bunch of books about China, the Chinese people and how to speak Chinese” (Desi, 1). Anyone......

Words: 2093 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Septic Shock

...According to Urden, Stacy, and Lough (2006), shock is a life-threatening condition that can lead to ineffective tissue perfusion or may further progress to multiple organ dysfunction and death. The different types of shock include hypovolemic shock, cardiogenic shock, anaphylactic shock, neurogenic shock, and septic shock (Urden, Stacy, & Lough, 2006). This essay will analyze septic shock based on the analysis of a presented case study. To further understand this concept, a review of treatment and management of septic shock as used in the writer’s practice setting will be discussed. The writer chooses the “case study one” as an issue of septic shock because Karen’s vital signs, physiological and behavioral symptoms are clear indicators of septic shock. Septic shock is described as the body’s inflammatory response to overwhelming infection (Urden, Stacy & Lough 2006). It is also classified as existence of an infection with hypotension despite fluid replacement along with the presence of tissue perfusion abnormalities (Urden, Stacy & Lough 2006). According to Bench (2004), the diagnostic criteria for septic shock include a heart rate greater than 90 beats per minute, a respiratory rate greater than 20 beats per minutes, an increased white cell count, hypotension, and temperature greater than 38 degrees or less than 36 degrees. Karen met these criteria with an increased temperature of 41 degrees which is usually an indicator of infection, increased heart rate and......

Words: 1113 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Shock Prep

...has mortality rates as high as 28%-50%. Septic shock: Is the presence of sepsis with hypotension despite fluid resuscitation along with the presence of inadequate tissue perfusion. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS): Is the failure of two or more organ systems in an acutely ill patient such that homeostasis cannot be maintained without intervention. Identify the nursing priorities in the care of the patient with sepsis and septic shock: Oxygenation -Provide supplemental O2 Intubation/mechanical ventilation, if necessary Monitor SvO2 or ScvO2 Circulation- Aggressive fluid resuscitation End points of fluid resuscitation: CVP 15 mm Hg Pawp 10-12 mm Hg Drug Therapies- Antibiotics as ordered Vasopressors (dopamine) Inotropes (dobutamine) Anticoagulants (low molecular –weight heparin) Drotrecogin alfa (xigris) for patients with high risk death Supportive Therapies- Obtain cultures (blood, wound ) before beginning antibiotics Monitor temperature Control blood glucose Stress ulcer prophylaxis What class of bacteria is responsible for more than one half of the cases of septic shock? What are some common causes of this? The main organisms that cause sepsis are gram- negative and gram- positive bacteria. Parasites, fungi, and viruses can also lead to the development of sepsis and septic shock. Explain why myocardial depression is almost always present in a patient with septic shock despite an initial rise in cardiac......

Words: 602 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Outline for Shock

...I. Introduction - Shock (Chapter 11) A. Review of anatomy and physiology B. Pathophysiology Initiation | * Decreased tissue oxygenation * Decreased intravascular volume * Decreased Myocardial contractility (cardiogenic ) * Obstruction of blood flow (obstructive) * Decreased vascular tone (distributive) * Septic (mediator release) * Neurogenic (suppression of SNS) | No observable clinical indications Decreased CO may be noted with hemodynamic monitoring | Compensatory | * Neural compensation by SNS * Increased HR and Contractiliy * Vasoconstriction * Redistribution of blood flow from nonessential to essential organs * Bronchodilation * Endocrine Compensation (RAAS, ADH, glucocorticoid release) * Renal reabsorption of sodium, chloride, and water * Vasoconstriction * Glycogenolysis | * Increased HR (EXCEPT NEUROGENIC) * Narrowed pulse pressure * Rapid, deep respirations causing respiratory alkalosis * Thirst * Cool,moist skin * Oliguria * Diminished bowel sounds * Restlessness progressing to confsion * Hyperglycemia * Increased specific gravity and decreased creatinine clearance. | Progressive | * Progressive tissue hypoperfusion * Anaerobic metabolism wih lactic acidosis * Failure of sodium potassium pump * Cellular edema | * Dysrhythmias * Decreased BP with narrowed pulse pressure * Tachypnea * Cold, clammy skin * Anuria * Absent bowel sounds * Lethargy......

Words: 12469 - Pages: 50

Premium Essay

Culture Shock

... Culture Shock has been defined as “a feeling of uncertainty, confusion, or anxiety that people experience when visiting, doing business, or living in a society that is different from their own.  Culture shock can arise from a person’s unfamiliarity with local customs, language and acceptable behavior, since norms can vary significantly across cultures.” (INVESTOPEDIA)  While this definition pertains more to individuals than institutions, culture shock can doom foreign businesses from the start.  There are four main areas in which culture shock can affect business: consumer behavior, local demand, buying decisions, and brand image (Maitah, 2011).                  Regardless of whether a company is opening on domestic soil or overseas, consumer behavior plays a significant role in its success or failure.  When investing internationally, the amount of time a company has to react to markets is limited due to increased investment costs.  As a result, the corporation must offer a product of high quality at an affordable price in order to introduce and establish itself.  Researchers from Butler University, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign theorize, “We reason that cultural factors are a part of the fundamental factors contributing to the formation of a person’s general perceptual lens.  Specifically, we reason that cultural factors may influence customer behavioral intentions through perceived service quality which in turn...

Words: 1049 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Dock

... ABSTRACT This historical study focused on the life of Lavinia Lloyd Dock as a reformer in nursing and social movements during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Lavinia Dock was devoted to the ideals of freedom and justice for oppressed individuals. Her contributions as a reformer focused on the professionalization of nursing and the equality of women. She was among the early group of nurses who were committed to professionalizing nursing through development of organizations, improved educational standards, and registration. She gave her support, talents, and writing abilities to all of these early efforts to place nursing on a professional level. But she was also interested in the condition of woman as citizen and worker. Her early experiences with poor working women and providing nursing in the slums of New York City broadened her views to include women as a group for reform. Most of Lavinia Dock's contributions to nursing and to improving women's lives are known. over time are less evident. However, the specifics of her development Her words can give a clearer idea of her progress as she moved from reformer of nursing to social reformer of woman's condition. She believed that women ii had to have equal citizenship, if they were going to improve their lives and the conditions of society. I have attempted to give some chronological sequence to the presentation of what she believed and did. I have used her published writings and personal......

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Culture Shock

... morals, and customs are all based on one’s culture. In the essay, “No Place Like Home” by Neil Bissoondath, the author describes how multiculturalism creates uneasiness on different levels to immigrants in Canada. The author points that Canada’s Multicultural Act, focuses on cultural uniqueness rather than cultural integration that has provided for stereotypes and other problems for ethnic minorities in the country. Bissoondath is describing people of different cultures are put into different genres regardless of where they come from. Any disorientation, uneasiness, and insecurity they feel when they encounter cultures radically different from their own such as religion, skin colour, language, lifestyle, is considered to be culture shock. Living in a new country can have its share of difficulties, but at the same time provide insights into a whole new culture. India is known as the melting point of different cultures, each one unique in its own respect from the art, food, religion, language, lifestyle and politics. When I was 15 years old, my father, who is an accountant by profession, accepted a job offer to work for KPMG India. The KPMG branch was located in Bangalore. My parents, originally from Bangalore, moved to Canada in the 1980’s. They were thrilled by the opportunity to visit India and my relatives after a very long time. However, the case of leaving all my high school friends, the food, entertainment and lifestyle behind and moving to country I had......

Words: 1392 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Culture Shock

...Culture shock Students in pursuit of a higher education abroad may face difficulties adjusting to their new environments, just as I had had during my first years at McMaster University in Canada. There is a huge change in responsibility when a student lives on his or her own for the first time. From my experience, the pressure of being one’s own care taker can be overwhelming and can cause feelings of homesickness, helplessness and displacement that can lead to depression. These feelings are symptoms of culture shock; a common issue that many international students face when arriving to a new country. Living all my life in Abu Dhabi in a smaller sized society, with a more family oriented view, then moving to a larger and more modern western society, with more focus on the individual, I definitely felt that culture shock was an issue I was going to have to deal with. However, I did not feel the culture shock until I left the dormitory I had moved into and actually had to fend for myself. The lessons I learnt while dealing with these feelings helped form my personality and made me grow as an individual. At first, moving into the dormitory on campus seemed like a lot of fun and I didn’t fully grasp the seriousness of what lies ahead. One of the reasons that universities have dormitories is to gradually ease students into life away from their parents. This process slowly introduces students to more responsibility before they can truly be independent. It only took a couple of......

Words: 786 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Shock Doctrine

...notes). For Klein neoliberalism is the rule of the market and corporations over the state therefore, meaning over the people. In her novel, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism she gathers together decades of economic catastrophes made by the United States, the IMF and the World bank. In this novel Klein is pushing to expose capitalism’s true nature,“ a policy the breeds poverty and crime” (Georgi Arbatov). Klein’s basic thesis and main point is that neoliberalism is dominating the world by using public disorientation such as wars, terrorist attacks and natural disasters to push through reforms that are not accepted. The introduction of the book Klein talks about the disaster in New Orleans, Hurricane Katrina, one of the many examples she uses to support her thesis, and how the Louisiana State Legislature in Baton Rouge were using this tragedy as an opportunity to change New Orleans. They spoke about building condos now that public housing was finally gone. One congressman said, “ We finally cleaned up public housing in New Orleans. We couldn’t do it, but God did”(page 4). Klein recalls what some of the victims commented on when they heard what the Legislature was planning after this occurrence and how when these victims saw this as tragedy, they saw it as an opportunity, coming about with “The Shock Doctrine”, which is when governments use these disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina, to pass reforms that change the nations economy. ......

Words: 1539 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Shock in Literature

...Shock in plays Both Tennessee Williams and Mark Ravenhill set out to surprise and shock their audience In my opinion, shock is a very effective way of conveying a message, as it is an emotional reaction that stays with the audience for a long time, meaning that they remember the scenes until they can consider the significance. As well as this, it is far easier to make people realise something about the society they see as normal if it is possible to put them in a situation where they see actions that are considered ordinary and find themselves shocked by these. For example, the situation of a group of teenagers engaging in casual drug use and self destructive behaviour could be seen as relatively normal and stereotypical today, but when this is explored in depth, the levels of this behaviour become very shocking and make the audience consider whether the stereotypes placed on teenagers – that they will have problems but that these problems will eventually pass, have made them behave in a way that is very unsafe. I think that Ravenhill uses shock value to a far higher extent than Williams, although this may be because his play is far more ‘in-yer-face’ than ‘Streetcar’ and has a faster pace. As well as this, the way in which the play is written makes it difficult for the audience to get lost in the story and ignore the issues explored by the playwright. However, I do think that both plays make the audience question aspects of society, especially the audiences that......

Words: 274 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sql Locks

...exclusive locks work. Suppose that S1, S2, and S3 are sessions connected concurrently to the same database instance. Suppose further that D1, D2, and D3 are data objects that can be locked with a shared and exclusive lock. For the ten locking situations below, indicate, for each session, whether it procures the requested lock, waits, or deadlocks. S1 has a shared lock on D1 and S2 attempts to procure a shared lock on D1. Since s1 has a shared lock on D1 and the other sessions can procure the lock without any waiting for release by s1.so s2 can procure a shared lock on D1 * S1 has an exclusive lock on D1 and S2 attempts to procure a shared lock on D1. * Since S1 has a exclusive lock on D1 any other sessions cannot procure a shared lock on D1.The other sessions has to wait till S1 releases the lock. so S2 has to wait until S1 releases exclusive lock on D1 S1 has a shared lock on D1 and S2 attempts to procure an exclusive lock on D1. * Since exclusive locks can be made on a data instance only when its not accessed by any other sessions.S2 must wait until S1 commits in order to procure an exclusive lock on D1 S1 has an exclusive lock on D1 and S2 attempts to procure an exclusive lock on D1. * Since exclusive locks can be made on a data instance only when other sessions have not made shared lock or exclusive lock on that data instance. so S2 must wait to begin until S1 commits in order to procure an exclusive lock on D1 S1 has a shared lock on D1,......

Words: 672 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Culture Shock

... Through the evaluation of early literatures by Oberg (1958) and Pedersen (1995) culture shock was only looked on as a personal construct rather than a reaction developed as a response to an unfamiliar culture.They both identified it as a way to understand how individuals feel when unaccustomed to a new environment or culture and how they cope successfully with it. However in much clearer research by(Murdoch & Kaciak,2011),it was defined as abandoning the guidance of normal social cues and finding oneself in unexplainable signs of denial of the host country and celebratory of the home country which they called “regression”.However, nothing about how an individual can adapt to the culture or environment and find a way to steer a way out of it was given. Culture Shock and Effects (Adler, 1975) from examining foreign students was able to note the fact that culture shock subjective symptoms differs from one person to another in terms of severity and span but still this research can be floored due to disparity in the methodology of this research.There are instances where sojourners lose all their former pre-existing signs of social normality and have to adapt to the new environment eventually causing anxiety and depression, for example smiling is seen in different countries as being friendly or happy but in most Asian countries smiling is viewed as a sign of weakness (Ferraro, 2006).However (Eschbach, 2001) stressed the effects on only......

Words: 564 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

G Shock

... CASIO uses differentiation followed by cost leadership as its strategy. For example, Casio exploded conventional wisdom with the concept for a shock-resistant watch and the G-SHOCK was born. Casio has developed this product over time, adding new and exciting features and firmly footed in the "All-Around Tough". By developing technologies including high-sensitivity micro antennas, radio wave receptor modules and digitally controlled... A Review Of The G Shock Marketing Essay G-shock,which has good shockproof and waterproof characteristics, is a well-known brand that belongs to Casio. According to Casio International (2009), 'SHOCK' means to combat and impact the shock and 'G' means the gravity tends to convey a kind of spirit which is "never give up" and "toughness". In 1981,a Casio research personnel named Mr. Nikaido broke his watch which was a gift from his father as a prize for passing the college entrance examination. Therefore, he began to develop a shockproof watch (Casio, 2009) In 1983, the first G-shock came to the world. However, it did not sell well at first. After this low tide, he spend 25 years to create his own pop culture and also spawned a variety of styles of different series. G-shock has been created from a simple belief: The creation of a never smashed watch [Casio International 2009]. Today, G-SHOCK continues its pursuit of further innovation and creates all kinds of impossibilty. The advertisement uses the background of a movie which is......

Words: 1630 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Culture Shock

...Culture shock Culture shock which is means that when a person move to a different country for experience totally new life even without well-preparation, it maybe brings a huge of perception shock continually. Especially for international students who studied in abroad or also in terms of expat who want to settle in another country. If someone feels over pressure while come to a new country that they have never been, think about the environment surround you without any familiar life style, different language, diet habit, changeable weather, social interaction, values, routine behaviour and education systems. These problems will make you have no idea with it, because nothing familiar. Three weeks ago, most of students came to Swansea university, maybe they will focus on a lot of different culture between UK and their home countries but also they will experience that stages of adjustment experienced during cultural transition, it calls-The W curve theory. The W curve include the people’s emotion during the phase when they come to UK before, in the UK and come back to home country how dose they feeling. Stages of adjustment: first phase is honeymoon, because of insulated from their home countries, therefore they will feel extremely excited with these unfamiliar cultures and surroundings. Follow this phase is turn to disintegration, these things which are different between their lives before make them feel intruded. After that, they become re-integration when time past. in......

Words: 392 - Pages: 2