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Disaster Mangement

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FACTORS INFLUENCING AWARENESS OF DISASTER MITIGATION AND PREPAREDNESS AMONG NURSES AT THE CASUALTY DEPARTMENT AT KNH

MALIK MWENDO
H32/2258/2010

A Research Proposal Submitted In Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements For The Conferment of The Degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing Sciences In College of Health Sciences at The University of Nairobi.

March 2014

List of abbreviations
KNH - Kenyatta National Hospital
JCAHO- Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Background Information
A disaster can be defined as a sudden extraordinary event that brings great damage, loss, destruction and injury to people and their environment (Stanhope and Lancaster, 2008). Bradt and Drummond (2007) also defined a disaster as a phenomenon that leads to massive destruction of infrastructure. A disaster can be classified either as man-made or natural incident that causes destruction that cannot be relieved without assistance. Disasters can also occur either internally, that is within the healthcare facility, or externally, that is outside the healthcare facility (Hassmiller, 2008).
Disaster preparedness and management has changed dramatically since September 11, 2011. This incident raised the awareness towards disasters that made disaster management and response an issue that needed to be urgently addressed. After that in America there was the advent of the biological warfare that involved envelopes of anthrax that were sent via mail to kill people.
Kenya has also had its fair share of disasters. In January 2009, around 150 people died and more than 200 were injured in Sachangw’an village, Molo district in Kenya, when an overturned oil tanker that they were trying to siphon oil from caught fire and exploded (Mkawale, 2009). Sadly, this was not the first time that such a disaster had happened in…...

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