Premium Essay

Decision Sciences Research in China

In: Business and Management

Submitted By huhaitao
Words 18592
Pages 75
Decision Sciences Volume 38 Number 1 February 2007

Journal compilation


C 2007, The Author 2007, Decision Sciences Institute

Decision Sciences Research in China: Current Status, Opportunities, and Propositions for Research in Supply Chain Management, Logistics, and Quality Management∗
Xiande Zhao
Department of Decision Sciences and Managerial Economics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shantin, NT Hong Kong, e-mail:

Barbara B. Flynn†
Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, 801 W. Michigan St., BS 4010, Indianapolis, IN 46033, e-mail:

Aleda V. Roth
Department of Management, College of Business and Behavioral Sciences, Clemson University, 343A Sirrine Hall, Clemson, SC 29634, e-mail:

As China becomes increasingly important to the global economy, it is critical to conduct high-quality research on important decision sciences issues there. This article provides an extensive review and critique of the extant China-based literature on supply chain management, logistics, and quality management, based on the foundation established by Zhao, Flynn, and Roth (2006). In general, decision sciences research in China is in its infancy. Although there have been some very interesting and well-executed articles, the majority are descriptive and focus on status updates. We provide a set of propositions to guide future research in logistics, supply chain management, and quality management in China, as well as guidelines for dealing with some of the unique challenges of conducting empirical research in China.

Subject Areas: China research, Logistics, Quality Management, Supply Chain Management. INTRODUCTION
Research on business issues in China is becoming increasingly important to the global economy. Offshoring and outsourcing to China is fast transforming supply
∗ This…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Research Methods for Health Science

...RUNNING HEAD: Descriptive Research Questions Shekubah Kamara 15 February 2013 RES 500 Research Methods for the Health Science Module 1 Trident University Newton, Bower, and Williams (2004) outline the process of “devising and revising” a research question, be it descriptive, relational, or comparative. After reading their paper, write a three-page paper that addresses the following: How do descriptive research questions differ from questions of relationship? From questions of comparison? When pursuing a descriptive research questions, what is being measure is aimed to describe the variables you are measuring. When the use of the word describe is used, simply means that these research questions are focused to quantify variables. To recognize a descriptive of to use these question you will often use questions that start with words such as "How much?", "How often?", "What percentage?", and "What proportion?” but also sometimes questions starting "What is?" and "What are?". Descriptive research questions focus on only one variable and one group, but they can include multiple variables and groups. In comparison to questions of relationship or comparison it is also common when using descriptive research questions to measure percentages and proportions. However, if you are using an experimental or quasi-experimental research design, or a more involved relationship-based research design, you are more likely to use just one or two descriptive research questions as a......

Words: 567 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Research for Decision Making

...Business Research for Decision Making IP 2 Tonja A. Brooks AIU Online Abstract This paper attempts to develop a framework for interrelationships among human resources information systems (HRIS), outsourcing, and corporate culture. This research investigates impacts of outsourcing HRIS on corporate culture. In this paper, we hypothesize that Outsourcing corporate HRIS is less desirable (1) if the quality of product and customer service matters for a firm, (2) if an organization is concerned with a loss of intellectual property, and (3) if an organization requires maintenance of a distinctive, human resource utility activity that is capable of meeting the challenges of fast changing customer demands in a dynamic business environment. In addition, this paper argues companies must be aware of the total costs associated with HRIS before outsourcing its human resource functions. Finally, the impact on employee morale and implementation must also be considered. By outsourcing HRIS, managers will be able to spend more time and resources dedicated to an employee’s professional career development. Business Research for Decision Making – IP 2 Introduction There has been a tremendous amount of research and studies done on corporate culture, outsourcing, and HRIS; however, there have been only menial research and studies done on Outsourcing HRIS and the sense that it has on the corporate culture. Hagood and Friedman [9] argue that the need for an organization to......

Words: 1889 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Physical Science Research Paper

...This paper will discuss how physical science and biomedical applications apply to health information technology. My career field is information technology in a hospital environment. Biomedical applications and health technology help users at all of our facilities do their job and perform more efficiently. The focus of this paper will help look at the progression of biomedicine with technology and how health information technology is becoming a new technology in the sight of health care. I will follow the plan of introducing biomedicine then follow up with health information technology as a new technology research. I will also talk about the advancements that have come about as a result of new technologies. Biomedicine is described as “The application of the principles of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to clinical medicine.”(Biomedicine) Biomedical applications are applications that service the need for biomedicine. Examples can be seen in software where the applications help physicians do their job more efficiently. There are EKG machines, devices that monitor glucose as well as other medical functions of the body. The biomedical studies themselves have shown the improvement in technology and what we can see in cell structures. For example some studies have shown that stem cells found in breast milk can turn into several different cell types, like bone, brain, live and pancreatic cells.(Stem Cells from Breast Milk) It can show as a new......

Words: 1198 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Market Research Clothing in China

...Market research clothing in China While Asia, particularly China, has enjoyed a dominant position in shoes, apparel and household textiles manufacturing for several years, makers of these items located in developed nations such as the U.S. and Canada have suffered a long period of decline. For example, over 98% of the shoes sold in America each year are imports, and the majority of these imports come from Asia. To consumers in Europe and North America, this growing reliance on Asia as a low-cost producer has meant very low retail prices for goods of reasonable quality. However, recent increases in the value of the Chinese currency, combined with rapidly rising labor costs, have put Chinese manufacturers in a much less competitive position. Competition from very low-cost nations in Africa as well as Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Malaysia, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Philippines and elsewhere is intense, and a large portion of apparel manufacturing formerly done in China is moving to these areas at a rapid pace. For example, Vietnam’s apparel exports to the U.S. jumped to $7.1 billion in 2012 from $6.6 billion a year earlier. China’s apparel exports to the U.S. were $29.0 billion in 2012, down slightly from 2011’s $29.3 billion. While China continues to have a robust apparel manufacturing industry, it is moving up the industrial chain by fostering manufacturing that requires greater skills, better technology and more investment in......

Words: 2301 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Philosophy of Science in Social Research

...The philosophical study of social research is an important dimension of social science which has been placed to analyze the problems of social science description and its relationships. Philosophy of social science deals with the generalized meaning of the thing & centered on the sharing of experience about the social world in which people’s perspective differs from one another. The various approaches analyze the social research on the basis of three grounds: Thematic analysis, meta-narratives and mini-narratives and lastly, cause-effect analysis. The changing pattern of the philosophical foundations continuously enriches itself with new dimensions and views about social world. Approaches of philosophy of science in social research There are certain approaches of philosophy of science in social research- * Realism * Empiricism * Positivism * Post positivism * Idealism * Rationalism * Functionalism * Structuralism * Utilitarianism * Instrumentalism * Feminism * Materialism * Skepticism * Nomothetic and Ideographic * Solipsism * Atomism * Holism * Perspectivism * Relativism These are described below- * Realism: Realism is a perspective of social research which represents itself as a dominant indicator on International politics. Context makes the situation. * Ontology: Social reality is stratified into three domains: * the empirical observations are made up of experiences and......

Words: 1443 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Mba - Decision Science: Assignments

...6/27/2014 Decision Science Assignment – 1 to 3 Kyaw Thike Tun ID No. - 213 Yangon Institute of Economics | Department of Management Studies | Online MBA Programme | 1. Describe the decision-making process and discuss the manager’s role in making decisions. Given example of a decision that can be quantified and one that is primarily a qualitative decision. Decision making process involves five steps: 1. Define the problem. 2. Identify the alternative 3. Determine the criteria 4. Evaluate the alternative 5. Choose an alternative Decision-making is important skill for business and life. Decision-making is especially important for management and leadership. There are processes and techniques to improve decision-making and the quality of decisions. Decision-making is more natural to certain personalities, so the managers should focus more on improving the quality of their decisions. Managers that are less natural decision-makers are often able to make quality assessments, but then need to be more decisive in acting upon the assessments made. Good decision-making requires a mixture of skills: creative development and identification of options, clarity of judgment, firmness of decision, and effective implementation. Here are some useful methods for effective decision-making: First a simple step-by-step process for effective decision-making. Today’s managers confront difficult decisions daily and must consider an increasingly wide......

Words: 1147 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Culture Research Paper: China

...Seminar One Culture Research As the largest country in the world to date, China holds a population of over 1.3 billion people; 1,355,692,576 to be exact (Central Intelligence Agency, 2014). China’s population makes up around 19.3% of the world’s population (World Population Statistics, 2014). According to World Population Statistics (2014), "Based on the population and the total area of the country, the population density of China in 2014 is estimated to be about 145 people per square kilometer or 375 people per square mile (Para 1)." The average life span of individuals in the country is 75.15 as of July 2014 (Central Intelligence Agency, 2014). China is recorded to rank number nine in the world population for people of age 100 and higher (World Population Statistics, 2014). Currently, the amount of people of the age 100+ is 14, 803 (World Population Statistics, 2014). China's total Gross Domestic Product amounted to $13.374 trillion as of 2013 (Workman, 2014). About 16.5% of exports are accounted for of the country's total economic output (Workman, 2014). While China has ten largely grossing export product groups, the biggest export is electronic equipment (Workman, 2014). Grossing at a grand $561,703,550,000, this top export makes up of 25.4% of total exports in the country (Workman, 2014). The biggest import is electrical and other machinery such as office machine parts, insulated wire, low-voltage protection equipment and rubber tires (Workman, 2014). China exports......

Words: 717 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Research Assignment 7 (China)

... 12/07/2014   | Title of Assignment: | Research Assignment # 6 ( China)  | CERTIFICATION OF AUTHORSHIP: I certify that I am the author of this paper and that any assistance I received in its preparation is fully acknowledged and disclosed in the paper. I have also cited any sources from which I used data, ideas or words; either quoted directly or paraphrased I also certify that this paper was prepared by me specifically for this course. Signature:Anette Leiton ___________________________________________________  | | Research Assignment 7 Brillianc e and Blunde rs in China ’s Supply Cha in (10 pts) Correct answers are based on course-assigned material (text and readings). This week the main topics are competition and supply chain. China is our focus country. We can start with the “Brilliance” part: from diamonds to Eastern Europe to South Africa. And now we have reshoring: back to the US. Last article is about how global supply chain is evolving. 1. China is now the biggest buyer of diamonds from Antwerp, importing $737 M in the first 3 Months of 2010. 2. The Belgian diamonds may have been cut in China to save money. 3. Perhaps surprisingly, China is building low-cost sports-utility vehicles and tractor factories in Eastern Europe. 4. China has become Africa ’s biggest trading partner and Standard Bank estimates that merger and acquisition activity from China to this area totaled 5 billion last......

Words: 398 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Acer Group’s China Manufacturing Decision

...THE ACER GROUP’S CHINA MANUFACTURING DECISION COURSE: GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT BACKGROUND Acer is a Taiwanese company specializing in advanced electronics technology. It is one of the world’s largest PC and computer component manufacturers. Acer started major expansion of its business by entering India, Russia and the U.S. Their mission was “Fresh technology enjoyed by everyone, everywhere.” Their focus now is Mainland China. They plan to set up its manufacturing sector in China seeking economies of scale, focusing on large markets, which support volume production and, therefore, reduce operating costs. This case study is an analysis with respect to many factors to determine whether China would fit into Acer’s global manufacturing strategy. This report presents an analysis, which will conclude in a judgment of whether they will succeed, or not. ANALYSIS The advanced electronic industry is characterized by strong competition amongst companies of various national origins. Few among the major competitors for Acer include Compaq, Dell, IBM and etc. (refer to exhibit 1). Among them Acer has an added advantage since China is a well-understood market for Taiwanese. The major step to develop any business is a complete market analysis of the region to ensure Acer understands the market nature. Acer’s aim was to achieve a “Global vision with a local touch” This ‘local touch’ could be achieved with less effort as Acer has complete knowledge about the Chinese......

Words: 1358 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

An Evolution of Computer Science Research

...version of this report is published as "Trends in Computer Science Research" Apirak Hoonlor, Boleslaw K. Szymanski and M. Zaki, Communications of the ACM, 56(10), Oct. 2013, pp.74-83 An Evolution of Computer Science Research∗ Apirak Hoonlor, Boleslaw K. Szymanski, Mohammed J. Zaki, and James Thompson Abstract Over the past two decades, Computer Science (CS) has continued to grow as a research field. There are several studies that examine trends and emerging topics in CS research or the impact of papers on the field. In contrast, in this article, we take a closer look at the entire CS research in the past two decades by analyzing the data on publications in the ACM Digital Library and IEEE Xplore, and the grants awarded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). We identify trends, bursty topics, and interesting inter-relationships between NSF awards and CS publications, finding, for example, that if an uncommonly high frequency of a specific topic is observed in publications, the funding for this topic is usually increased. We also analyze CS researchers and communities, finding that only a small fraction of authors attribute their work to the same research area for a long period of time, reflecting for instance the emphasis on novelty (use of new keywords) and typical academic research teams (with core faculty and more rapid turnover of students and postdocs). Finally, our work highlights the dynamic research landscape in CS, with its focus......

Words: 15250 - Pages: 61

Premium Essay

The History of Stem Cell Research in China

...cell research on humans in the United States began in the 1960’s, first achieving success in the treatment of patient with severe combined immunodeficiency disorder in 1968. Since the early 1970's, adult stem cells have been successfully used for treatment of immunodeficiency and leukemia. Since the discovery, the ethics of human embryonic stem cells have been debated. As the ongoing controversy over human embryonic stem cells persists, we continue to look for alternative means of acquiring similar task-performing cells. However, many people believe embryonic stem cell research is unethical as they believe life is being taken away in the process. There are a range of opinions about human embryonic stem cell research in the community. The overwhelming issue for most people opposed to embryonic stem cell research is that obtaining inner mass cells inevitably leads to the destruction of the embryo. For those that view a fertilized egg as a human life this is most distressing, others consider the blast cyst nothing more than a ball of cells with the potential to become a human. Debate on this issue is essential. The issue of stem cell research, particularly embryonic stem cell research, became a high-profile political issue in the U.S. during the first year of President George W. Bush's term in office (2001). On August 9, 2001, Bush enacted a ban on federal spending for the purpose of deriving new embryonic stem cells from fertilized embryos. He argued that performing research on......

Words: 1354 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Social Science Research

...Homework 1 What would be the key impacts of studying these problems on the community? There are many problems in my locality and or community that requires social scientific research. One of the biggest problems in my African diaspora community is the epidemic of skin bleaching. Considering this issue as an epidemic might sound extreme but when looking at the statistic of skin bleaching amongst the Africans and African diaspora, it has clearly become more than an individual’s preference or choice. Conducting a social scientific research will help to answer the question of why Africans are prone to skin bleaching, ways to inform the people about the effects of skin bleaching and skin bleaching recovery. Gentrification is another issue that requires social scientific research. This problem is evidence in almost all major cities. Due to race and economical statues, minorities are concentrated in areas that are the worst parts of the cities while the white majority live in the best parts of the cities. Researching this problem will bring to light the effect of gentrification on the minorities and also to those majorities who might be “innocent” to the issue. It would also force the government to do something about it on the polity level. culture appropriation should also be research because our society allows for a certain group to “borrow” the culture of another group that has been exploited without giving the credit where it’s due. culture appropriation......

Words: 708 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Research & Decision-Making for Business

...The Learning Business Research Report BX2174: Research & Decision-Making for Business KARAN LAKHANPAL Student Number: 12908897 QIN YANG Student Number: 12653971 Lecturer: Dr Andre Kuah Contents 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................ 2 2. BACKGROUND TO THE BUSINESS DECISION OR PROBLEM .............................................. 3 3. THE SPECIFIC RESEARCH OBJECTIVES TO BE ADDRESSED .............................................. 5 4. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE METHODS ...................................................................... 6 5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ....................................................................................... 8 6. IMPLICATIONS FOR THE BUSINESS DECISION OR PROBLEM ........................................... 10 7. ETHICAL ISSUES .................................................................................................... 11 8. REFERENCES......................................................................................................... 13 9. APPENDIX ............................................................................................................ 14 The Learning Business Research Report | Campus: 10. 1 CHECKLIST OF ASSESSMENT CRITERIA .................................................................. 18 The Learning Business Research Report 1. Executive......

Words: 4438 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

An Argumentative Research Paper on Research Topic: What Is Science?

...ARGUMENTATIVE RESEARCH PAPER ON RESEARCH TOPIC: WHAT IS SCIENCE? TOPIC: Dispelling Misconceptions; Physical and Natural Sciences are not superior over Social Sciences. TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract. 3 Introduction 4 Recommendations 22 REFERENCES 25 Abstract. Science in general is a great and highly developed human enterprise. Its intricacies are clearly not limited to the scientists alone, but it is essential for the entire human race. If we think of science as a space within the larger space of society then it is at the interfaces between these two spaces that human beings are involved with science. To see this interface clearly from the space of science is not the same as seeing it as a mere collection of facts that should be construed to be true and nothing but the truth. Science is beyond facts, ideals and thoughts. It is a process and a model that has undergone tests, been tried, reviewed and accepted as a true representation of the processes and occurrences in the natural world However, due to the broad nature of science, and the work, time and resources involved in pursuit of knowledge in different science fields which entails different interests, and thereby different values too; and the different possibilities of knowledge about different subjects, has lead to a myopic misconception by the......

Words: 9230 - Pages: 37

Premium Essay

Oil and Science Research

...Jordan Bailey Energy Resource, Oil Looking back in time the earliest oil well drilling was done in 4th century China, maybe even earlier. The Chinese burned the oil to evaporate brine and produce salt. They also probably used the oil for lamps and possibly to an extent to heat themselves as well as their homes. By the 10th century, extensive pipelines connected oil wells with the salt springs. In the western world, the petroleum industry started near Titusville, Pennsylvania, with Edwin Drake’s discovery of oil in 1859. The new oil industry, the fuel oil and home heating oil industry we know today, grew slowly in the 1800’s and did not become a real national concern until the early part of the 20th century. The internal combustion engine created a whole new scenario for the oil industry which provided and still provides a demand for refined fuel oil that still exists today. Early finds of oil like those in Pennsylvania quickly ran dry leading to “oil booms” in Texas, Oklahoma, and California. Other countries had much larger oil reserves and stated to develop them at an industrial level. As late as 1955 coal was still the world’s most used fuel. Oil then began to take over the scene and became the predominant fuel to heat homes. Following the 1973 energy crisis and the 1979 energy crisis there became the concern that oil is a limited resource and will eventually run out, at least as an economically viable energy source. In 2004 there was a report done by USA Today......

Words: 942 - Pages: 4