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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

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Submitted By PreeyaDolan
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From behaviorism to constructivism: the cognitive-behavioural approach to counselling

(136 in book)Page 34 (in jotter)

Behavioral alteration is an approach that takes as its beginning stage the Skinnerian thought that any circumstance or because of any boost the individual accessible a collection of conceivable reactions to any jolt, and discharges the conduct that is strengthened or compensated. This standard is known as 'operant condition' e.g. on being posed a question by somebody , there are numerous conceivable methods for reacting. The individual can address the inquiry, overlook the inquiry or they can flee. Skinner(1953) contended that the reaction which is overlooked is the particular case that has been most much of the time fortified previously. So for this situation most individuals will address an inquiry in light of the fact that in the past this conduct has brought about fortifications, for example, consideration or applause from the examiner or material prizes. In the event that, the individual has been raised in a family in which noting inquiries prompts physical ill-use and fleeing prompts wellbeing then their conduct will reflect this past support history.. They will run off. Connected to people with behavioral issues, these thoughts propose that it is useful to remunerate or strengthen coveted or fitting conduct and disregard unseemly conduct. On the off chance that a reaction or conduct is not remunerated it will as per Skinner, under go a procedure of termination and become dim of the collection.

Ayllon and Azrin (1965, 1968), connected these standards in psychiatric doctor's facility wards, with seriously exasperates patients, utilizing a system known as 'Token economy'. With these patients particular target practices, for example, utilizing cutlery to consume a dinner or conversing with someone else , were methodicallly remunerated…...

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