Free Essay

Che Guevara

In: People

Submitted By whitedove
Words 554
Pages 3
Ernesto Guevara was born on June 14, 1928, in Rosario, Argentina. He suffered from asthma. At an early age he read history and sociology books and was influenced by the writings of the Chilean Communist poet Pablo Neruda. At 19 Guevara entered the medical school of the University of Buenos Aires.
In 1952 "Che" Guevara ("Che" is an Argentine equivalent of "pal") broke off his studies in order to set out with a friend on a transcontinental trip which included motorcycling to Chile, riding a raft on the Amazon, and taking a plane to Florida. He returned to Argentina to resume his studies, graduating with a degree of doctor of medicine and surgery in 1953.
Late in 1953 Guevara left Argentina, this time for good. He moved to Guatemala, where he had his first experience of a country at war. He supported the Jacobo Arbenz regime, and when it was overthrown in 1954 Guevara sought asylum in the Argentine embassy, remaining there until he could travel to Mexico.
It was here that Guevara met the Castro brothers. At the time Fidel Castro was planning an expedition against Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista, and Guevara agreed to go along as a doctor. On Dec. 2, 1956, the expeditionaries landed in eastern Cuba, becoming the nucleus of a guerrilla force which operated in the Sierra Maestra Mountains. The guerrillas contributed to the crumbling of the Batista regime on Dec. 31, 1958.
In January 1959 Guevara was one of the first rebel commanders to enter Havana and take control of the capital. He held several posts in the Castro government: commander of La Cabaña fortress, president of the National Bank, and minister of industries. But always, most important of all, he was one of Castro's most influential advisers. Guevara visited Communist countries in the fall of 1960 to build up trade relations with the Soviet bloc and criticized United States policy toward Cuba. He also directed an unsuccessful plan to bring rapid industrialization to Cuba and advocated the supremacy of moral over material incentives to increase production. Guevara also masterminded Cuba's subversive program in Latin America and wrote extensively on this subject. In his first book, Guerrilla Warfare (1960), he provided basic instructions on this type of conflict.
Guevara's official tasks did not cure him of his restlessness. He continued to travel. In December 1964 he addressed the United Nations General Assembly and then set out on a long journey to Europe, Africa, and Asia. After his return to Havana he surprisingly disappeared from public view. His wanderings took him to Africa to lead a guerrilla movement which failed. He returned to Cuba, preparing a team of Cuban army officers who would accompany him to his next fighting area, Bolivia.
Guevara expected that a spreading guerrilla operation in Bolivia would force United States intervention, thus creating "two, three, or many Vietnams." Instead the Bolivian army tracked down and annihilated the guerrillas and captured Guevara on Oct. 8, 1967. The next day Guevara was executed.
Che Guevara was theoretician and tactician of guerrilla warfare, prominent communist figure in the Cuban Revolution (1956–59), and later a guerrilla leader in South America. After his execution, he was regarded as a martyred hero by generations of leftists worldwide, and his image became an icon of leftist radicalism and anti-imperialism.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Che Guevara

...Che Guevara: The Man and The Myth Many will call me an adventurer- and that I am, only one of a different sort; one of those who risks his skin to prove his platitudes. ---Che Guevara. Who was Ernesto “Che” Guevara and why did he chose to live the life of a revolutionary when he could have been an affluent doctor in Buenos Aires? Why was he to always be a “foreigner” when he loved his Argentina? What motivated him to leave his opportune life in an aristocratic family to attempt to achieve a better world for others? Che was a man with a lust for battle. No matter what he attempted, he went for it with everything he could possible give. But, what did he accomplish in that life? When his life is examined and his endeavors looked at closely, did he really make a difference in helping others to have a better life? Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara de la Serna was born in Rosario, Argentina on June 14, 1928. His father, Ernesto Guevara Lynch and his mother Celia de la Serna y Llosa were both blue-blooded aristocrats. His father’s family had lived in Argentina for over twelve generations and his mother’s family had land, both signs of money in this land of immigrants. Che’s father was “a cultivated man, very intelligent, he was active in the ranks of the Radical Party” (page 4, Compañero). Che’s mother who with her sister’s influence, would become a”socialist, anticlerical feminist” (page 4, Compañero). This heritage, especially his mother’s influence, was Ernesto’s foundation to his......

Words: 1731 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Motorcyle Diaries Summary

...April 18, 2013 History Extra Credit The Motorcycle Diaries Che Guevara describes how two young men travel to South America without money or a car, they travel in motorcycle! They both leave their family members and girlfriends behind. They left their college that they were currently attending and went to tour around! They go through good and bad times. Jumping around from being bad guys in a town to really "good experts" in other towns. Che writes his whole way to South America, during, and his way back. Him and his friend both change in many ways at then end of the book. While his visit to South America, they realize who is there for them and who isn't. Guevara's coming of age story. In many Native American cultures they used to practice a ritual "walk-about" sending off their young men into the wild to survive and live on their own for a couple of months. The idea being that when they came back they would be changed by that experience and have discovered some truths about themselves, and making them more mature. What started off simply as a spontaneous adventure ended up becoming a tale of relationships that one after another began to shape Guevara's perceptions of Latin American politics. Seeing the Native Americans persecuted and treated like objects no different from cattle, talking with many of the mine workers who sacrificed their health and some their lives for meager wages. Being inspired by the Incan ruins and the former greatness of that...

Words: 663 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Michael Collins: Terrorist or Patriot?

...succeeded in killing the revolutionary leader. This inherently marked the end of Collins involvement as a politician and revolutionary. Collins model of political violence was some how consistent with that later developed by Carlos Marighella and Che Guevara, but also there were some differences. As we learned in Jonathan White (2002, p. 85) Michael Collins studied the tactics of the Russians Peoples’ Will and the writing of earlier anarchists and terrorists to launch a guerrilla war against the British, but clearly, Collins did not simply wanted violence, but rather change, and the freedom to pursue such change legislatively. Carlos Marighella was a leader of the nationalist Communist party in Brazil, and later a fiery revolutionary terrorist. White (2002, pp 114-116) explains that Marighella believed the basis of revolution was violence. Any type of violence was acceptable because it contributed a general feeling of panic and frustration among the ruling classes and their protectors. Marighella endorsed violence for the sake of violence. Ernesto Guevara. “Che” Guevara was born in Argentina and had a medical degree, but turned his attention from medicine to the plight of the poor. White (2002, pp 118-119) says Guevara believed poverty and repression were problems that transcended nationalism and revolution was the only means of challenging authority. Terrorism played a limited role in Guevara’s guerrilla framework. The main purpose of terrorism was to......

Words: 789 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Hulabalua

...message are presented first. Also form and content should correspond in a message. * Specific vocabulary like slang may disturb the focus on the message. * Using too complex words in a text may make it difficult for the receivers to understand it. A successful message does not make the receiver think about the form. If you are annoyed about the spelling mistakes or strange words you don’t know, the form has tripped up the content of the message. Illustrations and Headlines On the front page we see a coffee cup with a picture of Che Guevara. The Coffee cup is a symbol of something everybody has and use, it’s no big deal. But we see that this coffee cup is branded with a man who is a symbol of freedom, though he actually was a very violent man and dictator. The meaning of this simple cup, suddenly has a whole new meaning to it; * We don’t buy the cup because we need it, we buy because it’s branded. * Che Guevara is a symbol of freedom, freedom to buy whatever you want, but his actually not a very good example of freedom, he is a symbol of brainwash. There is only one headline for our excerpts; * September 2003 marked a turning point... Here, is the first part of the sentence used as headline. This is something we typical see in non-fiction books. Where you mark the first part as an introduction for the whole chapter. The headline only tells us a little information about what we are about to read; - We get a location and date, for the......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Picture of John Lennon and Che Guevara

...killed the dictator Qaddafi; the Syrian revolution; the Cuban revolution, where Fidel Castro with Che Guevara’s help overthrew Batista’s dictatorship; and many other revolutions. All these revolutions happened, some are happening, and some are going to happen for a better and peaceful future. We can also see those two ideas together in the picture above. In this picture, on the left is John Lennon and on the right is Ernesto Che Guevara, both playing guitar. Music in this picture also plays a big role. In the background of the picture seems to be a container on the left. The background of the picture was taken in Chicago on August 11th 1966 when John Lennon was there. This picture is fake, because Che Guevara on August 11th 1966 was travelling to Bolivia. However, the meaning of this picture is huge and that’s why I chose this picture to write about. John Lennon was an English musician, singer, songwriter, and a founding member of ‘’The Beatles’’. He is a symbol of peace, who lived and loved. He believed everyone should be equal: men, women, black, white, gay, and straight. Also, he wrote some of the best songs of all time and he used his music to change political views. During the Vietnam War John Lennon wrote the song ‘’Give Peace a Chance’’ which quickly became the anthem of the anti-war movement. He wanted peace, not war at, any cost. On the other hand, Che Guevara was a rebel. When he was a teenager, he was studying at the medical school and his hobby......

Words: 954 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Violent vs. Non Violent

...like Che. King believed that there were six main points behind a nonviolent revolution. He believed that nonviolent revolutions were not cowardly even though the protestor was not physically aggressive, his mind and emotions are always active, seeking to persuade the opponent that he is mistaken. The second point that Martin Luther King Jr. made was that nonviolent resistance awakens moral shame in the opponent. Other points that he made were that nonviolent resistance is a battle against evil, nonviolent resistance will require suffering, the nonviolent resister was on the side of justice, and the outcome of the revolution would be more powerful and peaceful. (afroamhistory) Martin Luther King Jr. fought his demons with peace and love in his protests. He used his intelligence and passion to support his strong beliefs and actions that have changed America. Che Guevara failed as a revolutionist when he was put to death by Bolivian soldiers on October 9th, 1967. Had he used more peaceful tactics in his uprising instead of hate filled tactics, he may have been able to carry his revolution on further with more followers. Nonviolent revolutions result in positive outcomes that are not forced upon society, but instead peacefully accepted, such as Martin Luther King Jr. accomplished. Che lived his life fighting a violent war that left failed him many times and finally ended his life. Che fought fire with fire and his revolution went up in flames. Bibliography "Che Guevara:......

Words: 435 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Che Guevera

...Che Guevara Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born in Rosario, Argentina, but the exact date of his birth is unknown. He was the eldest of five children in a family of mixed Spanish and Irish descent; both his father and mother were of Basque ancestry. Guevara's family was an upper-class family with some leftist views. He became known for his dynamic personality and radical perspective even as a boy. While a student, Guevara spent long periods traveling around Latin America. Through his first-hand observations of poverty, oppression, and powerlessness of the masses, Guevara soon became highly influenced by his informal Marxist studies. He concluded that the only solution for Latin America's economic and social inequities lay in revolution. His travels also inspired him to look upon Latin America not as a collection of separate nations but as a single entity, the liberation of which would require a continent-wide strategy; he began to imagine the possibility of a united Ibero-America without borders, bound together by a common 'mestizo' culture, an idea that would figure prominently in his later revolutionary activities. After completion of his formal studies, Guevara traveled to Guatemala. Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán headed a populist government that through various programs, particularly land reform, would attempt to bring about a social revolution. Explaining his motive for settling down for a time in Guatemala, Guevara wrote, "In Guatemala I will......

Words: 740 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Motor Cycle Diaries Review

...legend of Che Guevara. Both Ernesto Guevara also referred to as Fuser, and his companion Alberto Granado set out on an adventure to see as much as Latin America as they possibly can. Fuser is about to get his medical degree while Alberto is a biochemist. These characters stop nothing short of exploiting their professions to garner sympathy or shelter throughout their journey. Fuser seems to be the more tamed of the too, he seems more focused with the well-being of the people he encounters (example the old man with the tumor), and does not use his profession to lie to people. Alberto on the other hand is more of a rumbustious character. He is loud unafraid to voice his opinion and is quick to challenge Fuser on what he believes to be a better way of handling situations. The turning point of the film is when they both encounter peasants who are being persecuted for their communistic beliefs. Fuser had a moment of realization from this and is concerned over the mistreatment of these people. Towards the films conclusion his trip to Peru enlightens his thinking and he acknowledges that the subdivision in a society are what are suppressing lepers. He makes his final journey through the river despite him having asthma. The story concludes with fuser admitting that he knew all along that Albertos birthday was in fact at a later day, he was just going along with Alberto for the ride. I personally feel that this film in fact teaches the story behind the Marxist general Che Guevara.......

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Che Guevara

...Ernesto Guevara de la Serna, known as Che Guevara, was born on June 1928 in Argentina into a middle-class family. He studied medicine and during this time he travelled a lot in Central America. During his trip he had been shocked by the poverty, hunger, and disease observed in those countries. This experience inspired him to become a revolutionary. He later joined a group of Cuban revolutionaries with Fidel Castro in Mexico. Even nowadays, he remains the symbol of rebellion and revolution all over the world. However, recent research has proved that he was a murderer. So can we consider Che Guevara as a hero? In order to answer to this question, we will first explain why Che is a hero and then why he was also a villain. First of all, a hero is a person who is admired for his courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities. So now I am going to explain why we can consider Che as a hero. Che Guevara was a revolutionary and as I said before he joined a group of Cuban revolutionaries with Fidel Castro. His goal was to fight against the Batista dictatorship (who was a Cuban dictator close from the Americans) and to establish a Marxist regime in Cuba. He proved himself to be both a good soldier and a leader. He was fearless and courageous. By May 1958, Guevara became the second-in-command of the large group of revolutionaries. Castro’s group had grown in size and strength during few months. Using guerrilla tactics, Castro and his men successfully took over town after town.......

Words: 537 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Pda Che

...Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) Checklist Implementing New Ideas in a Controlled Way Also known as the PDCA Cycle, or Deming Cycle Something needs to change: Something's wrong, and needs to be fixed, and you've worked hard to create a credible vision of where you want it to be in future. But are you 100% sure that you're right? And are you absolutely certain that your solution will work perfectly, in every way? Where the consequences of getting things wrong are significant, it often makes sense to run a well-crafted pilot project. That way if the pilot doesn't deliver the results you expected, you get the chance to fix and improve things before you fully commit your reputation and resources. So how do you make sure that you get this right, not just this time but every time? The solution is to have a process that you follow when you need to make a change or solve a problem; A process that will ensure you plan, test and incorporate feedback before you commit to implementation. A popular tool for doing just this is the Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle. This is often referred to as the Deming Cycle or the Deming Wheel after its proponent, W Edwards Deming. It is also sometimes called the Shewhart Cycle. Deming is best known as a pioneer of the quality management approach and for introducing statistical process control techniques for manufacturing to the Japanese, who used them with great success. He believed that a key source of production quality lay in having clearly defined,......

Words: 749 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Da Ai Qing Che

...Da Ai Qing Chen(大爱清尘) Origin Wang Keqin, the founder of Da Ai Qing Chen, was a very famous journalist before 2011. In the middle of nineties, he got a chance to interview the coal miners working in Gansu province. At that time, he met the vice-supervisor – Lao Huang, who is responsible for supervising the coal mining, and Lao Huang was having a very serious dust lung (pneumoconiosis). He coughed all the time and sometimes he could not breathe at all. After a few years, Lao Huang died from the disease for not getting any single fresh air. Later, more cases went to Wang Keqin’s desk. Then he realized it is such a severe issue that there must be someone or some groups to help those hopeless people with the disease. Finally, he decided to help those helpless workers and established the charity group – Da Ai Qing Chen. Brief Introduction Dust lung (pneumoconiosis) is the most serious occupational disease in China. According to the statistics from the department of public health, nearly 90% of the occupational disease is dust lungs and the death rate is as high as 22%. Based on the research, in China, there are at least 6 million dust lung patients. Almost all of them are from lowest class. They do not have a penny to spend on hospital so to their data, currently China has at least six million peasants with the disease. In order to help those people, Da Ai Qing Chen was set up in order to help pay their hospital bills with the public donations. Everything happens for a reason,......

Words: 3070 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Motorcycle Diaries

...Batista as a tyrant. He ended his cased in the words “Condemn me it does not matter, history will absolve me”. However, he was released in 1955, after serving 2 years, with the Batista government releasing him early from political pressure. In September of 1954, Argentine Marxist revolutionary, Che Guevara, arrived in Mexico City. It was also near the time that Batista dissolved the parliament and was elected as the unopposed Constitutional President. In June 1955, Castro met the Argentine revolutionary Che Guevara, who joined his fight. Once Castro was released from prison, he immediately sought other people to help overthrow Batista and his government. The revolutionaries named themselves the "26th of July Movement", in remembrance of the date of their attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953. Propaganda was used to Castro’s advantage. A pirate radio station was set up in 1958, allowing them to send their message around the country. Eventually, due to turning tides of popularity, Batista was forced to react to Castro’s acts. In the Battle of La Plata, Castro’s forces defeated a 500-man battalion, capturing 240 rebels while only losing 3 of his own. In late December 1958, Guevara led a troop of insurgents and attacked Santa Clara. The Battle of Santa Clara consisted of a series of events that led to the eventual capture of the Cuban city on December the 28th. Once the rebels reached Santa Clara, an armoured train sent by Batista to reinforce supplies of ammunition,......

Words: 3249 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Star Francis

...Joey Palmer Oct. 18th, 2015 Essay # 2 Prof. Roliz Throughout history, there has always been situations where an individual or group has rebelled against their government or religion. An individual is justified to rebel against his government when there's an excess of police brutality, that individual can be living in a nation where the government is not an ideal government, or unjust treatment of an ethnicity. There are many ways to rebel against ones government and/or religious institution, in the past rebelling has varied from protesting to a world wide revolution. Revolutionary leaders such as Che Guevara and Martin Luther King Jr. both lead groups which allowed people who rebelled against their government to obtain justice. Two philosophers who spoke on rebelling against their government or religion were Friedrich Nietzsche in “Morality as Anti-Nature” and Henry Thoreau in “Civil Disobedience.” A situation that occurred to justify an individuals rebellion against their government is the act of excess police brutality. A perfect example of excessive police brutality is the Eric Garner case. In this case Eric Garner was put in a choke hold by a New York City Police Department officer named Daniel Pantaleo, he ended up killing him and did not get indicted. This decision came nearly a week after a cop killed an unarmed African American, Michael Brown. This caused many people to walk and protest in Time Square chanting “This Stops Today” and “I Can't Breathe,” which......

Words: 957 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Impact of Discovery, Motorcycle Diaries Sweet Phoebe

...of that environment their beliefs and ideas are challenged. The Motorcycle Diaries, a memoir written by Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara, Sweet Phoebe, a play by Michael Gow and Isnis, a short story composed by Tim Richards are three texts that support the concept of naturalised ideas and beliefs being challenged and the protagonists’ values and beliefs being transformed as a result. The Motorcycle Diaries composed by Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara is a memoir of his journey through South America during the 1950’s. “So we understand each other” is a self-reflexive, proleptic opening, written by Guevara after the journey. This prologue acknowledges the changes and discoveries Che experienced. The use of prolepsis focuses the reader’s attention on the character development of the protagonist throughout the text. Guevara discusses how he constantly changed throughout the journey and now he is not the same person as he was when he set of on this journey, “The person who wrote these notes passed away the moment his feet touched Argentine soil again” “Our America with a capital A has changed me more than anything.” Guevara makes a strong line between the man in the diaries and the man he had now become “But ill leave you now, with myself, the man I used to be” Guevara addresses his former self, the man who had not yet ventured on a transformative discovery. Initially Che is a young medical student from middle class bourgeois society, with “the spirit of a dreamer”. He and his......

Words: 2075 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Quy Che

...15.7 Clash of the Cultures: The Case of Newell Rubbermaid Figure 15.13 © Thinkstock Over time, Newell Company grew to be a diversified manufacturer and marketer of simple household items. In the early 1950s, Newell Company’s business consisted solely of manufactured curtain rods. Since the 1960s, however, the company diversified through acquisitions of businesses for paintbrushes, writing pens, pots and pans, hairbrushes, and the like. Over 90% of its growth is attributed to many small acquisitions and the subsequent restructuring and cost cutting Newell instituted. Usually within a year of the acquisition, Newell would bring in new leadership and install its own financial controller in the acquired unit. Then, three standard sets of controls were introduced: an integrated financial accounting system, a sales and order processing and tracking system, and a flexible manufacturing system. Once these systems were in place, managers were able to control costs by limiting expenses to those previously budgeted. Administration, accounting, and customer-related financial accounting aspects of the acquired business were also consolidated into Newell’s corporate headquarters to further reduce and control costs. However, Newell compensated business managers well for performance. They were paid a bonus based on the profitability of their particular unit—in fact, the firm’s strategy was to achieve profits, not simply growth at the expense of profits. Newell managers could expect a......

Words: 713 - Pages: 3