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Caqi Liao Xue

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1-服装用纤维按来源分为哪二类?
天然纤维,化学纤维

2-根据纤维的长度,服装用纤维分为哪二类?
长丝(天然长丝),短纤维

3-常用的合成纤维有哪些?
化学纤维包括:人造纤维、合成纤维。
① 人造纤维:粘胶纤维、醋酯纤维、富强纤维、铜氨纤维。
② 合成纤维:涤纶、锦纶、腈纶、丙纶、氨纶、维纶、氯纶、芳纶 。
服用性能优点:
强度大,弹性好,不霉不蛀
服用性能缺点:
吸湿性差,摩擦易产生静电,易沾污,
① 涤纶:织物挺、爽、保形性好、耐磨、尺寸稳定、易洗快干,适用分散染料、重氮分散染料、可溶性还原染料。
② 锦纶:耐磨性特别好、透气性差,适用酸性染料,散染料。
③ 晴纶:蓬松性好、有皮毛感,适用分散染料,阳离子染料。
最多用是:涤纶
4-常用的纤维素纤维有哪些?
天然纤维:种子纤维、韧皮纤维。
① 种子纤维 如:棉、木棉。
② 韧皮纤维 如:亚麻、苎麻、大麻、罗布麻。
服用性能优缺点:
•棉:① 吸湿性。 ② 保湿性。 ③ 耐热性。 ④ 耐碱性。 ⑤ 卫生性。
•麻:①天然纤维中麻的强度最高。②吸湿性极好。③具有较好的防水、耐腐蚀性,不易霉烂,且不易虫蛀, 在洗涤时使用冷水,不要刷洗,不会有起毛现象。 ④染色性能好。

5-常用的蛋白质纤维有哪些? 蛋白质纤维:动物毛、丝。
① 动物毛:绵羊毛、山羊毛、马海毛、兔毛、骆驼毛、牦牛毛、羊驼毛、骆马毛。
② 丝:桑蚕丝、柞蚕丝、蓖麻蚕死、木薯蚕丝。
服用性能优缺点:
•丝:①蚕丝具有良好的吸湿性和抗静电性。②与皮肤接触时的感觉柔软舒适,无异物感。③具有防紫外线能力。④是天然纤维中最不耐晒的纤维。
•毛:①优良的吸湿性能。②不易产生静电。③优良的弹性回复性能。 ④耐酸不耐碱。
8-纤维鉴别有哪些方法?
手感目测法、燃烧法、显微镜观察法、化学溶解法、药品着色法、熔点法、红外吸收光谱鉴别
真丝面料、涤纶长丝仿真丝面料和粘胶长丝仿真丝面料鉴别出:燃烧法

9-什么是羊毛的缩绒性?
羊毛的缩绒性:是指羊毛纤维集合体在湿热条件和化学试剂的作用下受到机械外力的挤压揉搓而粘合成毡绒的性质。(羊毛鳞片的方向性、羊毛纤维的波状卷曲和柔软性及弹性是产生缩绒现象的原因)
→毛纤维在湿热条件下,经机械外力的反复作用,纤维集合体逐渐收缩紧密,并相互穿插纠缠,交编毡化。这一性能称为毛纤维的缩绒性。利用这一特性来处理羊毛衫的加工工艺称为羊毛衫缩绒。缩绒是羊毛衫后整理工艺中的一项主要内容,为了给缩绒 创造一个好的条件,及加快缩绒速度,通常在缩绒时要加化学试剂。)
什么是棉的丝光处理?
棉的丝光处理:在一定强力下,用浓烧碱溶液处理的加工过程。(经过丝光的棉织物其强力、柔软性、光泽、可染性、吸水性等都会到一定程度的提高)
10-什么是纱线的捻度?纱线的捻度有哪几档?
捻度:纱线单位长度上的捻回数称为捻度。纱线通常以10cm内的捻回数来表示捻度,而精纺毛纱通常以1m内的捻回数表示。(捻度一般以1英寸里的捻度数量来定义)
什么是纱线的捻向?纱线的捻向有几种?捻向:捻向是纱线加捻的方向。分为Z捻、S捻

11-表征纱线细度的指标有哪些?
细度的指标: 英制支数、公制支数、特数、旦数
①英制支数(Ne):在公定回潮率时,1磅重的纱线所具有的某标准长度的倍数,该标准长度视纱线种类而不同。因此支数越大纱线越细,尤其是棉型纺织行业。
②公制支数(Nm):在公定回潮率时,1g重纱线长度的米倍数。
公制支数也是定重制,因此支数越大纱线越细。棉纺织毛纺织行业都有使用。
③线密度(Tt/tex):特数,旧称号数,是指1000米长纱线在公定回潮率下重量的克数,它是定长制单位,克重越大纱线越粗,常用来表示毛纱。
④纤度(D):又称“旦数”或(旦尼尔:denier),是指在公定回潮率下,9000米纱线或纤维所具有重量的克数。
长丝纱线的细度习惯上用哪种指标表示?长丝纱线的细度用:旦数
棉纱线的细度习惯上用哪种指标表示?棉纱线:英制支数
羊毛纱线的细度习惯上用哪种指标表示?羊毛纱线:特数(线密度)
13-织物按加工方法分为哪几类?
织物按加工方法分为:原色织物、漂白织物、染色织物、印花织物、色织物、色纺织物、其他后整理织物。
织物按原料分为:纯纺织物、混纺和混线织物、交并交织织物。
针织物和机织物在性能上区别:
针织物一般是指用罗纹针或其它花色针式编织出来纺织品,其特点是有弹性,透气性好,花纹多样,其工艺比较复杂,有人工编织的,也有专门的电脑纺织机生产的,我们常常看到的棉毛衫(北方叫秋衣),毛衣等都属于这一类。
机织物一般就是指普通的纵横编织方式织出的纺织品,一般都用纺织机来织,其特点是密实,没有弹性,我们常常看到的布料多是机织物。

14- 机织物的三原组织:平纹组织、斜纹组织、缎纹组织。
针织物的基本组织:纬平针组织、罗纹组织、双反面组织、经平组织、经缎组织、编链组织。

20-织物的标注信息代表的含义。
在服装的生产、流通、消费和保养过程中,为了维护服装生产者的合法权利,保护服装经销者的正当权益,指导服装消费者的合理消费,对于市场上销售的服装,服装生产者有义务以规范的形式对其服装产品进行正确的标识,如准确表明服装号型、保养说明和纤维含量等,以利于服装经销
者认知产品,帮助服装消费者了解服装产品,从而能够正确地消费和保养服装。
(服装产品的使用说明是服装生产者或经销者向消费者出示的产品规格、产品性能、使用方法等使用信息,多采用吊牌、标签。包装说明、使用说明书等形式)

自然纤维-来自自然界,可直接用于纺织。植物纤维,动物纤维等

化学纤维-天然后者人工合成的高质物为原料,经过化学或物理方法加工而制得的纤维

短线纱-是用一定长度的短纤维经过各种纺纱系统把纤维捻合纺制而成的纱线

长丝纱-是由单根或多根长些丝组成的纱线

公定潮率-线密度或称特数,旧称号码,线密度指1000M长的纱线

纯纺纱线-由一种纤维原料构成的纱线

混纺纱线-是由两种或两种以上的纤维混合纺成的纱线

纯纺织物-同一种纯纺纱线织成的织物

混纺织物-由混纺纱线组成的织物

交织物-经纬啥用不同的短纤维沙或一组用短纤维沙,另一组用长丝交织而成的织物

针织物-用一组或多组纱线通过线圈相互串套的方法勾连成片的织物

机织物-用两组纱线在织机上按照一定规律相互垂直交织成的片状纺织品

非织造布-以纺织纤维为原料,经过粘合,熔合或其他化学,机械方法加工而成的薄片或毛毡状制品

色织物-先将部分纤维染色的

缩绒性-是指毛毯纤维经过机械外力的作用

丝光处理-, 丝光纱经过丝光处理的*纱线。

特克斯数- 线密度的单位。纤维、单纱、网线、绳索在公定回潮率时定长1 000m的质量克数。

丹尼尔数-

英制支数- 在公定回潮率时,1磅重的纱线所具有的某标准长度的倍数,该标准长度视纱线种类而不同。因此支数越大纱线越细,尤其是棉型纺织行业

公制支数- 在公定回潮率时,1g重纱线长度的米倍数。公制支数也是定重制,因此支数越大纱线越细。棉纺织毛纺织行业都有使用。

@哪种合成纤维在服装面料中用得最多?涤纶, 腈纶, 锦纶。

@常用的纤维素纤维有哪些?它们在服用性能上有什么优缺点?
棉纤维/麻纤维
性能:有较好的弹力,抱合力,但弹性较差,易起皱;中空结构,保暖性好,又较多亲水基因,吸湿和染色性好;耐酸不耐碱;有缩水性;易燃,耐光性一般;吸湿散热快,手感凉爽,宜做夏季衣料;独特的光泽感;弹力高,特别是吸湿强力好,但纤维抱合力差,不易成纱,弹性较差,容易起皱;耐碱不耐酸,比棉略好;具有防霉,防腐,防菌等功能.
@常用的蛋白质纤维有哪些?它们在服用性能上有什么优缺点?
动物毛纤维/蚕丝
羊毛优点:断裂伸长率大,拉伸变形能力很大,耐用性也优于其他天然纤维;吸湿性在常用纤维中最为突出;具有独特的缩绒性,隔热保暖性能好;可塑性能较好.
缺点:羊毛纤维强力低,弹性模量小,耐热性不如棉纤维,不耐日晒,耐酸不耐碱,对氧化剂也很敏感.
桑蚕丝优点:吸湿性较强,保暖性次于羊毛.
缺点:耐光性比棉毛纤维差.
@羊毛纤维、蚕丝、棉纤维、苎麻、亚麻、粘胶纤维在显微镜下的形态是怎样的?羊毛根部粗,稍部细,表面覆盖鳞片,沿纤维长度方向呈现卷曲;截面接近圆形,中部有毛髓.
蚕丝平直光滑,横断面近似三角形.
棉纤维为一端开口的扁状体,正常成熟后瘪缩成空心带状,具有转曲,方向随机分布,横截面呈扁平或腰圆形.苎麻是单细胞,两端封闭,中部粗,两头细,内有中腔,呈长带状.纤维无扭曲,粗细不均,横截面不规则,呈椭圆形或扁圆形.纵向有横节竖纹.亚麻纤维纵向有细纹路,称为竖纹,还有横截,横截面呈多角形,以五角形或六边形为多,有明显的中腔,细胞壁较厚,中腔较小.
粘胶纤维横截面呈锯齿形,纵向有沟槽.
@合成纤维、纤维素纤维、蛋白质纤维燃烧时有哪些特征?
纤维素纤维:遇火即燃,离火仍燃。火焰为黄色,烟为蓝色。由于它们都是纤维素纤维,所以燃烧时的气味与烧纸的气味一样。烧焦部分为黑褐色,原因是纤维素失水后成为炭状物。继续燃烧后炭状物成氧化物逸去,所以灰烬很少,灰末细软为灰白色
蛋白纤维:接近火焰缩成球状物,燃烧时发出的气味和烧毛发时的臭味一样,灰烬为黑色有光泽的块状物,一捻即碎。
合成纤维:燃烧后会有黑烟生成的,这主要是从石油中提炼出来的成分,含碳量很高的,而且很难烧尽,用手一捏就粘在手上,弄不好还把手烫坏,就像是塑料口袋燃烧一样。
@纤维鉴别有哪些方法?你怎样鉴别出真丝面料、涤纶长丝仿真丝面料和粘胶长丝仿真丝面料?
手感目测法,燃烧法,显微镜观察法,溶解法,药品着色法,熔点法,红外吸收光谱鉴别法
@什么是羊毛的缩绒性?什么是棉的丝光处理?羊毛的缩绒性是指羊毛纤维集合体在湿热条件和化学试剂的作用下,受到机械外力的挤压揉搓和粘合成毡绒的性质.通常指棉麻织物在一定张力下,用浓烧碱溶液处理的加工过程.
@表征纱线细度的指标有哪些?
线密度,旦数,公制支数,英制支数;
@.列举6种花式纱线,简述其特点:
圈圈线:在纱线表面有毛圈
竹节纱:具有粗细分布不均匀的外观
结子线:通常由芯线和饰线两组纱线组成,结子由视线形成
彩点线:纱上有单色或彩色点,这些彩点长度短,体积小
螺旋线:由不同色彩、纤维、粗细或光泽的纱线捻合而成
雪尼尔线:纤维被握持在合股的芯纱上,状如瓶刷,手感柔软,广泛用于手工毛衣,具有丝绒感。
13.织物按加工方法分类为:原色织物;漂白织物;染色织物;印花织物;色织物;色纺织物;其他后整理织物。
13-1织物按原料分类为:纯纺织物;混纺和混纤织物;交并、交织物。
@针织物和机织物在性能上区别:
针织物:是由纱线顺序弯曲成线圈,而线圈相互串套而形成织物,而纱线形成线圈的过程,可以横向或纵向地进行,横向编织称为纬编织物,而纵向编织称为经编织物。
织物的物理机械性,包括纵密、横密、平方米克重、延伸性能、弹性、断裂强度、耐磨性、卷边性、厚度、脱散性、收缩性、覆盖性、体积密度。
机织物:是由两条或两组以上的相互垂直纱线,以90度角作经纬交织而成织物,纵向的纱线叫经纱,横向的纱线叫纬纱。
机织物的物理机械性,包括经纱与纬纱的纱线密度、布边、正面和反面、顺逆毛方向、织物覆盖度。
@机织物的三原组织:平纹组织、斜纹组织、缎纹组织。
针织物的基本组织:纬平针组织、螺纹组织、双反面组织、经平组织、经缎组织、编链组织。
@棉织物的服用性能的特点:(1)因为棉纤维细度细,且吸湿性好,所以棉布服装具有良好的贴身穿着舒适性。(2)棉织物强度较好,手感柔软,但抗皱性差,经树脂整理可提高其抗皱性和服装的保湿性。(3)棉织物耐碱不耐酸。(4)棉织物不容易虫蛀,但容易发霉。
棉织物主要品种和其特点:
平布:外观平整光滑、均匀丰满。
府绸:布身挺括,布面均匀,织纹清晰,细腻柔软,丝绸感等特征。
斜布纹:质地较平布紧密且厚实,手感较松软,吸湿、透气。
卡其:是棉织物中斜纹组织的一个重要品种,布面斜纹清晰陡直,斜纹角度为70度左右。
绒布:布身柔软丰厚,有温暖感,吸湿透气,舒适,布面外观色泽柔和。
灯芯绒:手感柔软、纹路清晰、绒条圆润、丰满等特点
麻纱:凉爽透气特点
泡泡纱:穿着舒适透气,不贴身,布面富有立体感,凉爽休闲,洗后不需要熨烫。
牛津布:手感柔软、光泽自然、布面气孔多、穿着舒适、平挺保形性好。
纱罗:布身轻薄且透气性好,穿着凉爽舒适,悬垂性好。
牛仔布:穿着贴身、灵巧舒适,耐磨性能好。
条格布:质地细结、厚实,花色文雅明朗。
@毛织物的服用性能的特点:(1)纯毛织物光泽柔和,手感柔软而富有弹性,为高档或中高档服装面料。(2)毛织物具有良好的弹性和干态抗皱性,服装熨烫后有较好的褶裥成型和服装保形性。(3)表面茸毛丰满厚实的粗纺毛织物具有良好的保暖性,轻薄滑爽、布面光洁的精纺毛织物具有良好的吸汗及透气性。(4)毛织物比较耐酸而不耐碱(5)毛织物容易虫蛀。
毛织物主要品种和其特点:
凡立丁:质地细洁、光泽自然柔和、轻薄滑爽、以浅色为主。
派力司:呢面光洁平整,经直纬平,光泽自然柔和,颜色无陈旧感,手感滋润、滑爽、不糙不硬,柔软有弹性,有身骨。
哗叽:哗叽呢面细洁、手感柔软、有身骨弹性,质地坚牢,色泽以灰色、黑色、藏青色、米色等为主,也有少量混色。
啥味呢:采用毛条染色,且有混色效应,光面啥味呢呢面纹路清晰,光洁平整,手感滑而挺括,绒面啥味呢光泽自然柔和、底纹隐约可见,手感不板不糙、糯而不烂,有身骨。
华达呢:经密比纬密大,呢面呈现63度左右清晰斜纹,纹路挺直、密而窄,呢面光洁平整,质地紧密,手感润滑,富有弹性。
女衣呢:以匹染为主,色泽艳丽,色谱齐全。
直贡呢:呢面光滑、质地厚实,表面呈现75度左右倾斜纹路、细洁平整,光泽明亮美观,色泽以元色为主。
驼丝棉:表面平整华润,织纹细腻,光泽明亮,手感软糯,有丰厚感,织物反面有小花纹。
马裤呢:质地厚实,呢面光洁,手感挺实而有弹性。
精纺花呢:薄花主要薄滑挺爽;中花手感丰满、活络、有弹性;厚花手感丰满、活络、有弹性、丰厚、结实。
@丝织物的服用性能的特点:(1)丝织物强度较好,抗皱性较差。(2)桑蚕丝织物光泽柔和明亮、手感爽滑柔软、高雅华贵。(3)柞蚕丝织物色泽和手感不及桑蚕丝织物,颜色黄、光暗,手感柔而不爽,略带涩滞。沾水易形成水渍,熨烫时应避免喷水。(4)丝织物耐光性差,不宜太阳直晒。(5)丝织物不耐碱,洗涤时应采用中性洗涤剂。
丝织物主要品种和其特点:绡:孔眼较大,透明度增加,手感兼具柔和爽的特点
纺:除生纺较硬挺外,一般都平整、缜密、柔软、滑爽、飘逸、悬垂性好、穿着舒服。
绉:风格新颖,穿着舒适,抗皱性能良好,为理想夏季面料。
缎:表面光滑光亮,紧密柔软具有高雅感,能充分显示丝织物的精致细腻特点。
锦:比缎厚实、紧密、色彩艳丽、富丽堂皇。
绫:表面光泽柔和,斜纹明显,滑柔如水,质地细腻,穿着舒适。
罗:质地轻薄,丝缕纤细,绞孔透气,穿着凉快,并耐洗涤,适合于制作男女夏季各类服装。
纱:纱织物透气性好,是夏季服装理想面料。
葛:基本上采用粘绞丝、棉纱或混纺织品造,厚实坚牢,宜用作春秋季或冬季服装面料。
绨:质地比较粗厚、密实、坚牢的低档丝绵交织。
绒:表面绒毛密立,织物外观端庄、华丽,色泽鲜艳明亮,质地柔软舒适、丰厚而富有弹性。
呢:由原料和组织所形成,光泽柔和,松软厚实,丰满蓬松。
绸:其组织原料多样,因此特征不固定,产品变化无穷、丰富多彩。
@麻织物的服用性能的特点:(1)麻织物表面具有纱线粗细不匀、条影明显特征。(2)各种麻织物均较棉布硬挺,易其折皱,贴身穿着有刺痒感,采用适合的后整理等方法使其改善。(3)天然纤维中妈的强度最高,湿态强度比干态强度高20%~30%,其中苎麻织物的强度最高,亚麻织物、黄麻织物其次,其他各种麻织物的质地也较坚牢耐用。(4)各种麻织物的吸湿性较好,当含水量达自身重量的20%时,人的皮肤并不感到潮湿。各种麻织物还具有较好防水、耐腐蚀、不易霉烂、不虫蛀的性能。(5)本白或漂白麻布光泽自然柔和,作为衣料有高雅大方、自然纯朴之美感。各种染色麻布具有独特的色调及外观风格。(6)各种麻织物均具有较好的耐碱性,但在热酸中易损坏,在浓酸中易膨润溶解。(8)混纺麻织物中亚麻织物中麻纤维的含量越大,则上述各种麻织物的风格特征越明显;仿麻织物的外观似麻织物,但性能由使用的纤维原料所决定。
合成纤维织物的服用性能的特点:
合成纤维由高分子制成,具有强度大,弹性好,不霉不蛀,摩擦易产生静电,易沾污等共同特点。
主要品种和其特点:
涤纶:普通涤纶的纵向平滑光洁、均匀无条痕,横截面一般为原型,表面光滑,吸湿性能差,涤纶服装穿着有闷热感,易产生静电使织物易起毛、起球和吸灰,其染色性较差。
锦纶:纵向平滑光直,横截面为圆形或其他形状。最突出特点就是耐磨性优于其他常用纤维,强度弹性也很好,耐疲劳能力强,有优良耐用性,用途广。
腈纶:其纵向呈平滑柱状,有少许沟槽,横截面呈哑铃型、圆形和其他形状。耐磨性较差,腈纶衣服的褶裥处易磨损断裂,弹性不如羊毛,涤纶等纤维,吸湿性低于锦纶,易产生静电、起毛起球,保暖性好,服装穿着轻便,耐日光性和耐气候性好。
丙纶:纵向光滑平直,横截面为圆形和其他形状。强度、弹性、耐磨性都比较好,吸湿性差,在使用过程中易静电起球,耐热性差,其还具有优良抗化学品、虫蛀和霉菌的能力,但耐光性和气候性较差。
氨纶:有优良延伸性和弹性。吸湿小、手感平滑,强度低于一般纤维,但有良好耐气候和耐化学品性能,耐热性差,氨纶耐酸碱性、耐汗、耐海水性、耐干洗、耐磨性均较好,制作服装重量轻,质地柔软,舒适合身。
维纶:洁白如雪、柔软似棉。其为皮芯结构,横截面为腰子形。其强度和耐磨性较好,结实耐穿;含湿性能优于其他合成纤维,服装穿着轻便保暖,弹性不如涤纶和锦纶等合成纤维,织物容易起皱,有优良的耐化学品、耐日光和耐海水性能。
@织物的标注信息代表的含义:略名词解释
@府绸与塔夫绸,府绸与美丽绸,电力纺与尼丝纺,哔叽与华达呢, 哔叽与卡其, 哔叽与啥味呢, 女衣呢与女士呢,派力司与凡立丁
府绸与塔夫绸
府绸合塔夫绸都是平纹组织织制而成的府绸经纬纱均为细特纱,属于细特高经密织物,具有滑、挺、爽的特点,可以用于衬衣制作.(是应用广泛的棉织物,并不是指丝绸)
由于经密明显大于纬密,织物表面形成了由经纱凸起部分构成的菱形粒纹。织制府绸织物,常用纯棉或涤棉细特纱。府绸织物均有布面洁净平整,质地细致,粒纹饱满,光泽莹润柔和,手感柔软滑糯等特征。府绸是棉布中的一个主要品种。主要用作衬衫、夏令衣衫及日常衣裤
塔夫绸是一种高档丝织品。经纱采用复捻熟丝,纬丝采用并合单捻熟丝,以平纹组织为地,织品密度大,是绸类织品中最紧密的一个品种。塔夫绸的特点是绸面细洁光滑、平挺美观、光泽好,织品紧密、手感硬挺,但折皱后易产生永久性折痕。因此不宜折叠和重压,常用卷筒式包装。
塔夫绸紧密细洁,绸面平挺,光滑细致,手感硬挺,色泽鲜艳,色光柔和明亮。不易沾灰。主要用作妇女春、秋服装,节日礼服,羽绒服面料等。
府绸与美丽绸
府绸是平纹布的一种,也用平纹组织织制。经纬纱均为细特纱,属于细特高经密织物,具有滑、挺、爽的特点,可以用于衬衣制作.(是应用广泛的棉织物,并不是指丝绸)
由于经密明显大于纬密,织物表面形成了由经纱凸起部分构成的菱形粒纹。织制府绸织物,常用纯棉或涤棉细特纱。府绸织物均有布面洁净平整,质地细致,粒纹饱满,光泽莹润柔和,手感柔软滑糯等特征。府绸是棉布中的一个主要品种。主要用作衬衫、夏令衣衫及日常衣裤
美丽绸
美丽绸又称美丽绫是纯粘胶丝平经平纬丝织物。采用3/1斜纹或山形斜纹组织制织。织坯经练染。织物纹路细密清晰,手感平挺光滑,色泽鲜艳光亮。是一种高级的服装里子绸。美丽绸缩水率大。
电力纺与尼丝纺
电力纺是桑蚕丝生织纺类丝织物,以平纹组织制织。织物质地紧密细洁,手感柔挺,光泽柔和,穿着滑爽舒适。重磅的主要用作夏令衬衫、裙子面料及儿童服装面料;中等的可用作服装里料;轻磅的可用作衬裙、头巾等。
尼丝纺是长丝制织的纺类丝织物。面料成分为100%尼龙经增白、染色、印花、轧光、轧纹的尼龙纺,织物平整细密,绸面光滑,手感柔软,轻薄而坚牢耐磨,色泽鲜艳,易洗快干。 主要用作男女服装面料。涂层尼丝纺不透风、不透水,且具有防羽绒性,可用作滑雪衫、雨衣、睡袋、登山服的面料。
哔叽与华达呢
华达呢为精纺呢绒的主要产品,呢面光洁平整,纹路清晰,呢身厚实紧密,有身骨和弹性,强度很高。常用作西服套装、制服等的衣料。
哔叽与华达呢相比,其经纬密基本一致,纱支较细,故织品呈现斜纹纹路约500左右,纹路间隔宽于华达呢,呢面比华达呢平坦,哔叽可根据纱支粗细分为纱哔叽、半线哔叽和全线哔叽等。具有呢面光泽柔和,手感润滑,有弹性,纱支条干均匀,美观大方等特点。用途同华达呢。
哔叽与啥味呢
哔叽采用2/2斜纹组织织成。与华达呢相比,其经纬密基本一致,纱支较细,具有呢面光泽柔和,手感润滑,有弹性,纱支条干均匀,美观大方等特点。
啥味呢属精纺服装面料中的风格产品之一,采用混色毛条纺成的精梳毛纱作经纬纱,以2/2斜纹组织织成。属混色织物,色泽以灰色、咖啡色等混色为主,分毛面、光面和混纺舍味呢三种。具有呢面平整,光泽自然,柔软富有弹性,手感温暖,外观具均匀的夹花风格。舍味呢与哔叽相近,不同之处在于哔叽为单面。适宜制作春秋男女西服、中山装及茄克衫等服装。
女衣呢与女士呢
女式呢也称女衣呢,采用精梳单纱或股线织成的平纹或斜纹及其变化组织、提花组织织物。具有质地细结松软、轻薄、富有弹性,外观花纹清晰、色泽艳丽高雅、品种丰富、适应性强的特点。适于做各类女用服装和时装。
女衣呢品种多样,有平纹素色、色织条格、织花等。绉纹组织的女衣呢,呢面有微小的颗粒花纹。麦斯林薄纱是一种经纬纱都用单纱的印花平纹女衣呢,非常轻薄,稀疏透气。
派力司与凡立丁
凡立丁与派力司均属传统的轻薄精纺毛料。
凡立丁是以较大捻度的精梳毛纱织成的平纹织物,具有质地细结、轻薄滑爽、富有弹性的特点。它比派力司稍感柔糯,且以浅色居多,派力司则属混色织物。适合用做夏季裙衣、西裤等面料。
派力司用精梳毛纱织制的轻薄品种。派力司是精纺呢绒中单位重量最轻的,它与凡立丁的主要区别在于,凡立丁是匹染的单色,而派力司是混色,经密略比凡立丁大。颜色以中灰、浅灰色为多。派力司除具有凡立丁的优点外,质地细洁轻薄,坚牢耐脏,多用为夏令裤料和女装上衣料…...

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