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Cap 2 Mankiw

In: Business and Management

Submitted By andyhummel
Words 445
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Capítulo 2.
1.

2. a) Tiene forma cóncava por que el costo de oportunidad va aumentando. Esto quiere decir que para producir más de un producto, la producción del otro va a disminuir.
b)
c)

d) El partido radical es el que tendrá el mayor dividendo de la paz, ya que tiene más espacio para que la producción de pan crezca que el del partido de conciliador, ya que el radical probablemente haya escogido el que tiene máxima producción de armas, dejando a la producción de pan en su forma más pequeña. Esto le da más cabida de crecer.
3.
Las disyuntivas que enfrenta una sociedad entre un ambiente limpio y la cantidad de producción industrial la disyuntiva entre un medio ambiente limpio y un elevado nivel de renta. La legislación que obliga a las empresas a reducir la contaminación eleva el coste de producir bienes y servicios. Al ser mas altos los costes estos acaban obteniendo menos beneficios, pagando salarios mas bajos, cobrando precios mas altos.
4.
a)
• Los tres trabajadores logran cortar el césped de 40 casas.
• Los tres trabajadores logran lavar 40 automóviles
• Los tres trabajadores cortan el césped de 20 casas y lavan 20 automóviles
• Los tres trabajadores logran cortar el césped de 25 casas y lavar 25 automóviles.
b)

c) Por que el costo de oportunidad va subiendo y bajando en los diferentes puntos.
d) El punto C a mi parecer es el menos eficiente, por la gráfica, ya que este punto es el que se encuentra más abajo en la curva de posibilidades. Pero realmente no podemos saber con seguridad sin saber las ganancias de cada punto. Es decir, las ganancias de lavar autos, y las ganancias de cortar césped.
5.
Macroeconomía.
c) El impacto de un mayor ahorro nacional en el crecimiento económico.
e) La relación que existe entre la tasa de inflación y la cantidad de dinero que circula en la economía.
Microeconomía.
a) La decisión de una familia acerca de cuanto ahorra.
d) La decisión de una empresa de cuantos trabajadores contratar.
b) El efecto de las regulaciones gubernamentales en al emisión de gases de los automóviles
6.
Positivas
b) Una reducción de la tasa a la que crece la cantidad de dinero que circula en la economía reducirá la tasa de inflación.
a) A corto plazo, la sociedad enfrenta una disyuntiva entre inflación y desempleo.
e) Impuestos menores provocan más trabajo y más ahorro.
Normativas
c) La sociedad debe exigir a los beneficiarios de la asistencia social que busquen trabajo.
d) La Reserva Federal de Estados Unidos debe reducir la tasa a la que crece la cantidad de dinero que circula en la economía.…...

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