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Calkins

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Mary Whiton Calkins
Mary Whiton Calkins was born on Mach 30, 1963 (White, 2010). Calkins was born in Hartford, Connecticut but grew up in Newton, Massachusetts. She is the eldest of five children and was extremely close to her family (Cherry, 2011). Her father was a Presbyterian minister, who believed in well rounded education (White, 2010). He knew about the education that women received back then and decided to supervise Calkins education. This allowed her to enter Smith College in 1882. She did not have any kids or spouse because she believed that she needed to have all her attention on her career to succeed. She later passed away in 1930 from cancer (Psych E-Newsletter, 2011).
In 1882 Calkins entered Smith College. Due to her sister’s illness and death caused her to study at home for the following year. However she went back to the Smith University in 1885, and graduated with a double major in classics and philosophy. Later on the year, the Calkins family went to Europe and Mary studied Greek at the University of Leipzig. After she returned to the States, she was asked to teach Greek at the Wellesley College. She had been teaching Greek for about a year, when offered a position teaching psychology. Unfortunately, she struggled tremendously. There were few places for women to work or even graduate in psychology (Bumb,n.d). Calkins was invited to sit-in on William James and Josiah Royce lectures on a strictly casual basis at the Harvard University. On October 1, 1980 Calkins was allowed to attend the seminars of James and Royce but had to accept the terms that she was only allowed to be admitted as a guest and not allowed to become a student of the University. (Bumb,n.d). In 1895 she returned to Wellesley College where she got the opportunity to be an Associate Professor of Psychology and later was promoted to a Professor. She wrote four books, Including, An…...

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