Premium Essay


In: English and Literature

Submitted By bazooka
Words 13719
Pages 55
Federal Financial Management System Requirements

Property Management Systems Requirements

JFMIP-SR-00-4 October 2000

What is JFMIP?
The Joint Financial Management Improvement Program (JFMIP) is a joint undertaking of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, the General Accounting Office, the Office of Management and Budget, and the Office of Personnel Management, working in cooperation with each other and other agencies to improve financial managemen t practices in Government. The Program was given statutory authorization in the Budget and Accountin g Procedures Act of 1950 (31 USC 65 as amended). Leadership and program guidance are provided by the four Principals of the JFMIP – Comptroller General of the United States, Secretary of the Treasury, and the Directors of the Office of Management and Budget, and the Office of Personnel Management. Each Principal designates a representative to serve on the JFMIP Steering Committee, which is responsible for the general direc tion of the Program. The JFMIP Executive Director and a program agency representative (who serves for 2 years) are also on the Steering Committee. The Program promotes strategies and guides financial management improvement across Government, revi ews and coordinates central agencies’ activities and policy promulgations, and acts as a catalyst and clearinghouse for sharing and disseminating information about good financial management practices. This information sharing is done through conferences and other educational events, newsletters, meetings with interagency groups and agency personnel, and through FinanceNet, an electronic clearinghouse on the Internet. The JFMIP has worked on interagency projects that developed a financial systems framework and financial systems requirements. For the future, JFMIP plans to assist Federal agencies in improving their financial systems through its Program…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Advance Biomedical Devices: Assessing Readiness to Export

...Product Suitability Advance Biomedical Devices, Inc. (ABD) products are in a state of readiness to begin exporting to Europe because the Continent provides countries with similar market characterisitics and requirements to its home market, the United States. The products are also ready for exporting to emerging markets such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC) among others due to the rapidly progressive living standards and an expanding middle class with rising economic potentials in these countries. ABD’s Speedheal branded products have strong possibilities of advantageous demand in all types of foreign countries due to the following reasons: - It’s Speedheal products produce exceptional sales performance in the domestic market of the United States. - The products address universal health needs through the promotion of healing and the reduction of postsurgical pain by keeping the wound area from swelling. - The products are unique and cater to current and evolving health needs not well served internationally. - The devices are relatively small and portable and thus miniaturization remains one of ABD’s competitive advantages. - The product prices are relatively affordable and inexpensive to ship based on the miniature sizes. - ABD’s products were seldom defective and replacement of defective ones was a solution instituted by the company that augured well for good international business practice in after-sales service. - Speedheal devices are sensitive to......

Words: 1486 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Biomedical Ethics Term Paper: Socialized Health Care

...Andrei Panait 9758402 PHIL235 November 20, 2012 Biomedical Ethics Term Paper: Socialized Health Care While many countries today have some sort of public health program, their effectiveness is not conclusive and there is undoubtedly a great deal of controversy regarding all aspects of socialized modern health care. In North America but more so in the United States, there is a deep-rooted stigma associated with all things that relate to socialism, most likely due to history and the negative reputations of most countries with this sort of economic system. Capitalism does seem to fit the American way of life and even some aspects of human nature as we are generally competitive and compelled to have freedom of choice. However there is another aspect to human nature that drives us towards more collectivist ideals and it is found in our compassion, caring for others, unity and social solidarity. When exploring these issues the most important problems seem to occur at the extremities of the spectrum and in similar ways. Capitalism has allowed people to gain absurd amounts of wealth, often through corruption and deceit, and that wealth gives them unimaginable power while socialism tends to be corrupt and oppressive. This leads us to the obvious deduction that no system is perfect, whether it is a public or private health care system, a capitalist market or a democratic government, some might seem foolproof in theory but all have their flaws in practice, probably due......

Words: 1267 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Artificial Neural Network for Biomedical Purpose

...ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS METHODOLOGICAL ADVANCES AND BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS Edited by Kenji Suzuki Artificial Neural Networks - Methodological Advances and Biomedical Applications Edited by Kenji Suzuki Published by InTech Janeza Trdine 9, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia Copyright © 2011 InTech All chapters are Open Access articles distributed under the Creative Commons Non Commercial Share Alike Attribution 3.0 license, which permits to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt the work in any medium, so long as the original work is properly cited. After this work has been published by InTech, authors have the right to republish it, in whole or part, in any publication of which they are the author, and to make other personal use of the work. Any republication, referencing or personal use of the work must explicitly identify the original source. Statements and opinions expressed in the chapters are these of the individual contributors and not necessarily those of the editors or publisher. No responsibility is accepted for the accuracy of information contained in the published articles. The publisher assumes no responsibility for any damage or injury to persons or property arising out of the use of any materials, instructions, methods or ideas contained in the book. Publishing Process Manager Ivana Lorkovic Technical Editor Teodora Smiljanic Cover Designer Martina Sirotic Image Copyright Bruce Rolff, 2010. Used under license from First published March, 2011 Printed......

Words: 43079 - Pages: 173

Free Essay

Biomedical Devices

...Question 4: If you were member of ABD's management team, what countries would you recommend targeting first? As a manager, you would need to justify your recommendation. A good approach is to investigate key characteristics of specific countries via globalEDGE or similar Web sites. Answer: First of all, to produce advanced biomedical devices lucratively requires high technology, biomedical engineering services at enough level, to be independent about work in process and raw materials, sufficient control-reporting, coordination and r&d activities very well. Advanced medical devices are produced by finite number companies. Accordingly products of these production is difficult and costly. Countries which have not these features must obtain the products via import. At first, we should assign the countries which have not capacity and technology to produce these products. We should focus on underdeveloped or the developing countries due to the features such as low levels of productivity, technology, capacity, insufficient information education and materials about sector. ABD's management team can export advenced biomedical devices to Azerbajian, Nakhichevan, Iraq, Algeria, Egypt, Saudi Arabia etc. And it may use Turkey as the place of manufacturing because of Turkey is in the region which is near these countries and has many advantages about technology, sufficient capacity as regards these countries. ABD can use the opportunity of location of Turkey for manufacturing, in this way......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Biomedical Ethica

...The Case of Scott Starson Biomedical Ethics Group 6 February 26th, 2013 The decision to treat any patient by force poses many questions. There are very few occasions where one might imagine treating a competent person in defiance of his or her express wishes. The moral principle of respect for autonomy coupled with statutes that protect patient rights forbid forced treatment. Yet there remain medical professionals who have disagreed with a patient’s choice and take the matter to court. When considering patient rights it’s important to define the difference between refusing a blood transfusion for religious reasons and refusing medications that affect one’s mental health. A case that highlights the difficulty of determining competence is that of Scott Starson. Starson, who was diagnosed with bipolar disorder, was committed to a psychiatric hospital after having uttered death threats. There, he refused any medication for his disorder as he claimed it would ruin his career as a theoretical physicist. This was a decision that professionals disagreed with. However, the Supreme Court of Canada deemed Mr. Starson competent and able to make his own medical decisions. The main topic of concern is whether doctors should be allowed to impose treatment on a competent patient. Firstly, I will argue the point that every individual should have the right to choose their own medical treatments. Conversely, that those who suffer with a mental health issue cannot always appreciate......

Words: 1586 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Biomedical of Health

...Evaluate biomedical model of health Current medical models assume that all illness is secondary to disease. Revision is needed to explain illnesses without disease and improve organisation of health care. Cultural and professional models of illness influence decisions on individual patients and delivery of health care. The biomedical model of illness, which has dominated health care for the past century, cannot fully explain many forms of illness. This failure stems partly from three assumptions: all illness has a single underlying cause, disease (pathology) is always the single cause, and removal or attenuation of the disease will result in a return to health. Currently, most models of illness assume a causal relation between disease and illness—the perceived condition of poor health felt by an individual. Cultural health beliefs and models of illness help determine the perceived importance of symptoms and the subsequent use of medical resources.4 The assumption that a specific disease underlies all illness has led to medicalisation of commonly experienced anomalous sensations and often disbelief of patients who present with illness without any demonstrable disease process. Finally, most biomedical models also seem strongly linked to primitive forms of intuitive mind-body dualism. Health commissioners, budgetary systems, healthcare professionals, and the public all act as if there is some clear, inescapable separation between physical and mental health problems, ignoring......

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Competitive Advantage through Channel Management Q1: A. Customer Focus Each of these companies recognizes that it is not merely selling a product; rather, it adds value based on its understanding of the consumer experience while purchasing and using the product. All have: (1) well-defined customer segment(s), (2) an understanding of customer purchase/ usage activities, and (3) sophisticated on-going analyses of their customers. Dell, Inc. Segments: • Business Market, which is further divided into: Large companies, Government, Education, Hospitals, Small Business • Consumers, specifically computer-savvy consumers Using a combination of demographics (e.g., company size, industry) and product usage characteristics gives Dell an in-depth understanding of differences in customers’ purchasing processes (importance of attributes in purchase decision) and the challenges they face in installation and use (the how/what of computer usage). Dell is a master of combining one-on-one knowledge of customers with highly quantitative sales analysis. Michael Dell, himself, estimates that he spends as much as 40% of his time with customers, understanding their problems. The structure of the organization is also designed to capture customer knowledge, with sales and support teams assigned to particular customer segments. Constant monitoring of sales data is also a powerful tool for understanding customers, which allows Dell to adjust product to demand in real time. IKEA......

Words: 2180 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Biomedical Engineering and Physics

...John Smith Dr. Madaro University Physics I Spring 2014 Biomedical Engineering and the Future of Modern Medicine I have always been interested in math and science, but my interest developed into a fascination this year in physics class. I enjoyed being able to apply all of the laws and theories that we learned in class to real-world situations. I liked being able to figure out the distance an object traveled just by knowing the acceleration and speed, finding the vertical and horizontal components of a force, and solving for the coefficient of friction of a surface. I loved that every concept seemed to build on the one before it, and how they all helped me understand the world in a way I never had before. Whenever I think about my future, what I want to study, and how I want to make a living, I always think of engineering- a career that would allow me to develop this fascination with the way the world works and to apply my knowledge to a project that could help improve peoples' lives. I want to go into this field to develop technology that could help cure disease or improve the quality of life of those with serious medical conditions. The concepts of Physics play a crucial part in the everyday work of Biomedical Engineers, specifically in the invention of prosthetic limbs, artificial organs, and improved hearing aids. "The first artificial limbs were stiff and did not have joints that bent like real arms, hands, or legs" (Woods 40). The invention of the artificial......

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Social Model vs Biomedical Model and health issues. In relation to the following essay, two models; biomedical model and social model will be discussed and compared in terms of their relevancy in the modern times. The second half of the essay will focus on the effectiveness of the social model in explaining the increasing prevalence of health conditions related to the obesity epidemic. During the early part of the 20th century, infectious diseases predominated as the highest cause of mortality in both developing and non-developing counties affecting 42% of the world’s population (Tulchinsky and Varavikova,2000; Boutayeb and Boutayeb,2005). This is the era that was heavily reliant on the biomedical model to diagnose illness which focused primarily on the proximal causes of disease (factors that act directly to cause a disease) and was confined to the objective measures for disease treatment (diagnosis solely based on medical facts without considering other possibilities)(Johnson,2012). Since the leading causes of death at those times were infections based i.e. pneumonia (11.8%), T.B. (11.3%) and diarrhoea (8.3%) (National Office of Vital Statistics,1947), the biomedical model’s germ theory which stated that all diseases were caused by pathogens that lead to a biological defect in the body, proved to be effective in the treatment and understanding of the communicable diseases(Johnson,2012). However, this also meant that the biomedical model was only limited to the biological factors (faulty genes,......

Words: 1832 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Biomedical Technology

...Lyndsey Kessler English 4A 24th Nov. 2014 Mrs. Nills Biomedical Technology: Today’s Experiments Tomorrow’s Medicine I am sure you have heard of mammograms and MRIs, but did you know that they are a part of biomedical technology? Biomedical technology is any medical imaging device or a medical practice that involves biology or technology. Some people do not believe in biomedical technology because they say it had not been proven safe or effective, but it has already saved lives. This is why biomedical technology should be used in medical practices My first reason is that biomedical technology could help save many lives. This technology has the potential to cure many diseases, one example is that scientists have found that stem cells can become a wide variety of specialized cells, this could help cure Alzheimer’s. They also have the potential to help people that are paralyzed. Biomedical technology has already found ways to detect and cure many life threatening diseases. With mammograms and MRIs doctors can detect breast cancer along with other diseases much faster than they have been able to in the past. This could potentially help cure those who are diagnosed. My second reason is that biomedical technology can increase treatment options. Since mammograms and MRIs help detect diseases sooner there are many different ways to treat these diseases some of which may not be as severe. For example instead of doing radiation for cancer right away you could undergo surgery......

Words: 2247 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Biomedical Scientists

...Social Science & Medicine 66 (2008) 2520e2531 Biomedical scientists’ perception of the social sciences in health research* Mathieu Albert a,*, Suzanne Laberge b, Brian D. Hodges a, Glenn Regehr a, Lorelei Lingard a a b University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario, Canada Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada ´ ´ ´ Available online 11 March 2008 Abstract The growing interest in interdisciplinary research within the Canadian health sciences sector has been manifested by initiatives aimed at increasing the involvement of the social sciences in this sector. Drawing on Bourdieu’s concept of field and Knorr-Cetina’s concept of epistemic culture, this study explores the extent to which it is possible for the social sciences to integrate into, and thrive in, a field in which the experimental paradigm occupies a hegemonic position. Thirty-one semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore biomedical scientists’ receptiveness toward the social sciences in general and to qualitative research in particular. We found that these respondents exhibited a predominantly negative posture toward the social sciences; however, we also found considerable variation in their judgments and explanations. Eight biomedical scientists tended to be receptive to the social sciences, 7 ambivalent, and 16 unreceptive. The main rationale expressed by receptive respondents is that the legitimacy of a method depends on its capacity to......

Words: 8237 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

Biomedical Example

...Biomedical Example Erika Steinebach 1/10/2016 Beryl Keegan HCS 335 Biomedical Example In 1995 Mickey Mantle received a liver transplant due to a failing liver caused by hepatitis and cirrhosis. He was a Baseball Hall of Fame center fielder for the New York Yankees. Even though the usual waiting period for a liver transplant in the United States is about 130 days, Mickey Mantle only had to wait two for the hospital to find an organ donor for him. It took only two days for the Baylor Medical Center’s transplant team to find an organ donor for the 63-year-old former baseball hero. According to the Southwest Organ Bank, Mantle was moved ahead of others on the list because of his deteriorating medical condition. But, many people believe that he was moved to the top of the list because he was a celebrity. Others suggested that since Mantle had overcome immense obstacles in the past, they argued that the medical system should provide exceptions for heroes. Another issue with moving him to the top of the transplant list were his medical problems. Mickey Mantle was a recovering alcoholic which complicated the ethical implications of the case. Doctors estimated that he only had about a 60 percent chance for a three year survival, whereas usual liver transplant patients typically have about a 78 percent chance for a three year survival rate. There were many mixed feelings on the decision to move him to the top of the transplant list over others who had been waiting for a......

Words: 855 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Biomedical Examaple

...Biomedical Example Marco Carter-Johnston HCS/335 Biomedical Example In this paper I will be analyzing the Mickey Mantle case involving him getting a liver transplant. It has been brought to my attention that Mickey has been treated differently than others with the same or similar illness due to him being a celebrity. During my analysis I will be utilizing the Seven-Step Decision model to determine the outcome of this case. I will carefully look at the case to determine if I feel as though his case was in violation of the code of ethics, what are the long and short-term consequences, whether good or bad. Look at some alternatives and values and compare them. I will also determine if the procedure was done for profit or respect for who he is. Lastly I will come up with a decision on whether or not I feel as though if the decision made was ethical or not. Determining the Facts Mickey Mantle was a famous baseball player for the New York Yankees from 1951 into the late1960’s where soon after was voted into the baseball hall of fame. With several years of heavy drinking it began to take a toll on his health that resulted in cirrhosis, hepatitis and cancer of his liver. Over time his liver began to get worst and doctors told him that he has to have a liver transplant soon or he was going to die. The hunt was on for a liver for mantle, but there is a waiting list for those who are in need of a transplant and it can take up to 130 days before his doctors get a......

Words: 1133 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Health Views & Biomedical Health

...Porter, 1997). This created their intervention of the biomedical model, as disease was then seen as located in the physical body and the mind was considered unimportant. In the 18th century came a more scientific understanding of the causes of impairment and with it a sense of confidence in medical sciences ability to cure individuals with a sickness (Germov, Fourth Edition, p. 11). The Biomedical Model emphasises that the patient is not to be blamed for his or her illness and he or she should seek medical help for cure. But a nurse is always in complex situations with noncompliant cases. In contrast, the Social Models take into account, the psycho-social aspects for care and cure. Florence Nightingale was the first to define a distinct role of the nurses in the medical domain, stating that nurses can manipulate the environment to promote the patients wellbeing. These nursing models are conceptual models, based on the theories or concepts that effectively guide nurses towards the goal of patient carer provide nurses a foundation to view clients’ situations, organise data and analyse or interpret information (ASRN organisation, 2007). Although the biomedical model created an understanding in disease and resulted in beneficial treatments, it has been criticised from both within medicine and from a range of social and behavioural disciplines such as sociology and psychology. “One of the major criticisms is that the biomedical model underestimates the complexity of health and......

Words: 1364 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Singapore Should Focus Industrial Policy on Biomedical Sector

...Global Economic Environment Singapore should focus industrial policy on biomedical sector Summary: Singapore has managed to achieve remarkable economical growth during 1970s to 2000s. The per capita GDP increased from US$914 in 1970 to US$20,748 in 2002. However, new concerns required Singapore adjust its old policies in early 2000s to be more competitive in the global trade while helping its people to be better-off. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Singapore was successful in building comparative advantages in the past three decades. The rapid economic growth of Singapore was achieved through tight government control on attracting foreign direct investment. FDI has been the principal source of external capital for growth in Singapore. * Singapore invested tremendous amount of time and money in building infrastructure and improving efficiency, provided tax incentives and educated labors. By 2000, cumulative FDI stood at US$114 billion. * Total trade making up 277% of GDP in 2001 because of “Free Trade” policy. * The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) maintained a low inflation rate through an exchange rate-centered policy. New challenges behind the numbers Although the GDP looks good on the paper, the benefits of the country were not shared with the individuals. * External influence such as high FDI that China achieved due to its comparative advantage, disputes with other......

Words: 856 - Pages: 4