Free Essay

Bengal Tigers

In: Science

Submitted By supac2307
Words 1004
Pages 5
The Bengal Tiger

Introduction
Perhaps there is no more famous of a Bengal tiger (Panthera Tigris Tigris) than Rudyard Kipling’s Shere Khan. Known as the dominant and feared antagonist in The Jungle Book that was to be not only feared, but respected throughout the entire jungle. Although it’s habitat is in India, the Bengal tiger has commanded so much respect that even an American professional football team’s logo uses the Bengal as their official mascot (Cincinnati Bengals). The problem is that perhaps that respect has dwindled since the time of The Jungle Book and the inception of the Cincinnati Bengals in 1966. While there are on-going efforts to save this incredible big cat, their status is still listed as Endangered.
Habitat and Characteristics
Bengal tigers (also known as Royal Bengal tiger or Indian tigers) are commonly found in the subcontinent of India and in dense forests, mangrove swamps, and jungles throughout the subcontinent and in some areas in China and Nepal. While most are orange, black, and white, there are some Bengal tigers that are reported to have an all white coloration (animalplanet.com) and they are only known species of tiger to be all white. Average length for these special tigers at around 10 feet. While it is considered to be the second largest tiger in the world (Siberian or Amur tiger is larger), it is sometimes claimed to be the largest tiger on average (a-z-animals.com). Although they weigh between 300-600 pounds and with an average weight of 500 pounds, these beasts are also very fast especially for their large size. With a top speed of around 60 mph, it is no wonder they don’t have to much capturing their prey.
Behavior
Bengal tigers live solely on their own (solidarity) except when they are mating or the mothers are taking care of their young. They can be very aggressive and have a large territory (marked by their urine) and keep out those not welcome. However, females have a smaller territory and some do overlap with male territories.
Feeding
These carnivorous cats are known to eat deer, cattle, wild boar and goats and usually by the element of surprise and do not have any natural predators in it’s habitat except from humans. The Bengal tigers are able to hide and strike prey with powerful jaws (and speed) where they bite the neck and take them down. They can eat up to 60 pounds of meat at once (bioexpedition.com)
Reproduction
Typically, female tigers are fertile at the age of 3-4 years old. However, males aren’t ready until they are 4-5 years old. The female gives off a strong scent to attract the male and the breeding process begins. Once the female is pregnant, it will take approximately 100 days for the cub to be born. Newborns weigh 2 pounds are blind. The male leaves after mating for a couple of days and the female is left to care for their young by nursing them and teaching them to hunt. Once they are ready, the male tigers will usually leave first and move to a longer distance from their mother (bioexpedition.com).
Threats
This endangered species has a population of roughly 2000-2500 left in the world today (animalplanet.com and a-z-animals.com). There are several reasons for the cause of the endangerment which are lead by the actions of humans. The loss of their habitat and prey are due to deforestation. Moreover, human poachers have caused a steady decline in the Bengal tiger’s population in the past century. Poachers have slaughtered them and some for inane reasons such as “looking for a challenge” and/or using the fur for nothing more than social status. The Bengal tiger has also been killed for their body parts where they are used in various forms of Chinese medicine (bioexpedition.com). There are also numerous accounts of their skins, bones, and other animal parts reaching the outside markets via illegal trade especially to China (animalplanet.com).
Conservation Efforts
There are several conservation efforts helping the Bengal tiger. Foundations such as WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) has taken some actions such as protecting the Bengal tiger’s habitat, stop poaching, and work to stop illegal trade traffic. Locally, India has also contributed efforts to this endangered tiger. India created reserves from nine in 1973 to 15 in the late 1980’s. Since that time, India set up eight new reserves and by January 2008 and up to a total of 48 in all in 2014. Additionally, the Indian government emphasized on more anti-poaching efforts. During this time, population has increased for the Bengal tigers in India (National Geographic News, India National Tiger Conservation Authority/Project Tiger). Savewildtigers.org places a focus on stopping tiger poaching and illegal trading. They have also created several videos and films to help educate the world about this exquisite tiger.
Conclusion
Bengal tigers are beautiful animals are kings of their habitats. Whether it’s the orange, white, and black variety (like Shere Khan) or the all-white Bengal tigers, they are proven to be a valued part of their ecosystem. They thrive when in that very ecosystem so it’s important to keep them in those very ecosystems. This fantastic big cat needs to be respected again. While the Bengal tiger is on the Endangered Species list, it is important to continue to educate the world on the conservation of the Bengal tiger and it’s good that organizations around the globe are taking action in the name of this necessary and respected animal.

WORKS CITED
“Bengal Tiger.” worldwidelife.org. World Wildlife Fund. 30 March 2016.
“Bengal Tiger.” animalplanet.com. Animal Planet. 30 March 2016.
“Bengal Tiger.” a-z-animals.com. A-Z Animals. 29 March 2016.
“Bengal Tiger.” bioexpedition.com. BioExpedition. 27 March 2016.
“India Reports Sharp Decline in Wild Tigers.” news.nationalgeographic.com. National Geographic 13 February 2008
“Background.” web.archive.org National Tiger Conservation Authority/Project Tiger 22 August 2014
Savewildtigers.org 30 March 2016…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

West Bengal

...investors and even the die-hard critics of the Left have been appreciating the role of the state government and its policy framework.  It needs to be mentioned that the process of industrial development of West Bengal has its own history. From the colonial days to the period prior to the country’s independence, the state occupied a pre-eminent position in the manufacturing, iron & steel, textile, jute, tea and other sectors. Its growth in the cottage & small scale sector was equally impressive in first decades in the post independence period. However, the development process had to face many problems in the years that followed for a variety of reasons. Among them the policies of the successive central governments like freight equalisation and manifest bias through licensing system were crucial. These, along with lack of policies of the then Congress government in the state, led to the sluggish industrial growth. The socio-political unrest from the 60s also negatively impacted on the investment climate of the state as well as engineered the flight of capital to other regions. The negative perception that had developed among the industrialists also hindered the process of the state’s industrial development. It also needs to be recognised that the western part of Bengal had to bear the brunt of the partition which had a telling effect on its economy. Besides, the benefits of scientific inventions and technological innovations in the post Second World War phase hardly......

Words: 3543 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Tigers ~ the Problem

...for its survival on Earth are the tigers which hide in dark forests of Asia and the tundra in hope to find at least on more of their kind. Though eminent personalities and organisations across the world are trying to make amends for mankind’s repeated mistakes, though leaders of nations are consistently meeting to sign declaration, though one person most certainly does make a difference… it is far beyond time that everyone believes they are that ‘one’. THE PROBLEM THEY FACE… Whether we admire them, keep a distance from them or don’t think about them much at all in our busy lives, if asked, almost all will agree that tigers are the most beautiful animals that have ever roamed the Earth. With fiery orange and black stripes, gleaming bellies, rippling muscles and golden eyes, the tiger is the biggest, most powerful, and most magnificent of all wild cats. Today as one of the most exquisite creatures that has ever roamed the Earth veers dangerously close to its extinction. The human race has been an ardent admirer of the tiger for centuries, but also its most brutal executioner. We have hunted them though they are monsters since a time immemorial and to this day hunt them down ruthlessly. With the help of recent statistics, I have learned that in a hundred years we have lost 97% of our tiger population meaning there are as few as around 3200 tigers left in the world(source:WWF). As far as India is concerned, a large chunk of the tiger population roams on its land......

Words: 2082 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Siberian Tigers

...The Bengal tiger is a carnivorous, mammal primarily from India. It lives in habitats such as the coniferous Himalayan Forest, the mangroves of the Sunderbans, the hills of the Indian Peninsula, or the forests of Rajasthan and Northern India. At one time Bengal tigers were scattered throughout Asia. Now they are generally found in India and some regions of Bangledesh, Bhutan, Nepal, and Myanmar. There is approximately 4,000 alive in the wild now, and about 300 are in captivity in zoos around the world. Bengal tiger's are one of the largest and most feared cats in the cat family. An adult tiger can weigh any where from 350 to 550 pounds. The adult males weigh an average of 480 pounds, while the females weigh about 300. Their body lengths are between 6 and 9 feet long! A Bengal tiger hunts primarily deer, wild pigs, water buffalo, birds and other small mammals. When driven from hunger a this tiger will eat almost anything. Crocodiles, lizards, fish, and even humans are eaten by a frustrated Bengal tiger. They eat meat and only meat. Their style of attack is differant from the cheetah's and the lion's; who hunt in open habitats. Although it is a heavier predator than that of the lion and cheetah, it averages about 50 deer a year. Bengal tigers need a wide forest-like areas to hunt their prey. They are known to hunt alone, but have been found to hunt in packs.......

Words: 841 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Tigers

...The Bengal Tiger The Bengal tiger is a carnivorous, mammal primarily from India. It lives in habitats such as the coniferous Himalayan Forest, the mangroves of the Sunderbans, the hills of the Indian Peninsula, or the forests of Rajasthan and Northern India. At one time Bengal tigers were scattered throughout Asia. Now they are generally found in India and some regions of Bangledesh, Bhutan, Nepal, and Myanmar. There is approximately 4,000 alive in the wild now, and about 300 are in captivity in zoos around the world. Bengal tiger's are one of the largest and most feared cats in the cat family. An adult tiger can weigh any where from 350 to 550 pounds. The adult males weigh an average of 480 pounds, while the females weigh about 300. Their body lengths are between 6 and 9 feet long! A Bengal tiger hunts primarily deer, wild pigs, water buffalo, birds and other small mammals. When driven from hunger a this tiger will eat almost anything. Crocodiles, lizards, fish, and even humans are eaten by a frustrated Bengal tiger. They eat meat and only meat. Their style of attack is differant from the cheetah's and the lion's; who hunt in open habitats. Although it is a heavier predator than that of the lion and cheetah, it averages about 50 deer a year. Bengal tigers need a wide forest-like areas to hunt their prey. They are known to hunt alone, but have been found to hunt in packs. These tigers are semi-nocturnal, because they sometimes hunt at night. They use flying......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Tigers

...A perfect example would be the Tiger. By destroying their habitat and food source, we are causing them to come after our livestock for food, and then we turn around and hunt them because of it. We are creating their hardship and then punishing them for something we created. Tigers have been on the endangered list for about 25years. Their population has gone significantly down with about 12,000 being kept in zoos and private ownership and only 3,200 living in their natural habitat. The tiger is one of the most powerful animals at the top of the trophic levels. There are nine different subspecies of the tiger with three of them already extinct. The tiger is the largest cat species in the world with its male weighing in at about 500 pounds and its female at 300 pounds. Unlike other cat species the tiger rarely climbs trees but instead loves water. This brings a big advantage to the tiger because they can attack pray many larger animals cannot. Tigers prefer their environment to be more dense because unlike their prey then can move quickly and quietly which gives them the advantage when hunting. Tigers hunt a variety of animals from small ones (rabbits, birds) to large ones (moose, baby elephants) with their only defenses being their speed, claws, and teeth. With the tiger being one of the biggest predators, the question you may ask yourself is who is their predator? The only predator the tiger has is the human being. The hunting of tigers goes back all the way to......

Words: 660 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Tiger Beer

...Individual Written Report: Tiger Beer AB112 Marketing Nanyang Business School Tutor: Mr Craig Ewan Done By: Eufratia Raissa Mandhela 1. Company Introduction Tiger Beer was first introduced in October 1932 by the Malayan Breweries which was first established in 1930. Despite its modest starting point, Tiger Beer has expanded vastly and can be found in over 70 countries today. It is also brewed it 11 different countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, China, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, India – more than any other Asian beer brand. Tiger Beer has grown from a local brand into a globally recognized icon at present. Through its history, the brew has won more than 40 awards internationally. Tiger Beer received its first Bronze medal in 1939 for Bottle Beer Competition in London. Over the years Tiger picked up many more achievements and the most outstanding includes winning the Gold Medal for Brewing Industry International Award in 1998 (London, UK), that can be considered as winning Oscar Award for the industry. Most recently it has also won another Gold Medal at the 2004 World Beer Cup that is equivalent of winning the Olympic in beer industry. Today Tiger Beer is acknowledged as the leading global brand through its active participation in the sponsorship of many sports events and vibrant brand campaigns. As recognition to the brand, Tiger was awarded as a leading brand in UK Cool Brand Leader for 3 consecutive......

Words: 2816 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Tigers

...TIGERS The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest cat species, reaching a total body length of up to 3.38 m (11.1 ft) over curves and weighing up to 388.7 kg (857 lb) in the wild. Its most recognisable feature is a pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside. The species is classified in the genus Panthera with the lion, leopard, jaguar and snow leopard. Tigers are apex predators, primarily preying on ungulates such as deer and bovids. They are territorial and generally solitary but social animals, often requiring large contiguous areas of habitat that support their prey requirements. This, coupled with the fact that they are indigenous to some of the more densely populated places on Earth, has caused significant conflicts with humans. Tigers once ranged widely across Asia, from Turkey in the west to the eastern coast of Russia. Over the past 100 years, they have lost 93% of their historic range, and have been extirpated from southwest and central Asia, from the islands of Java and Bali, and from large areas of Southeast and Eastern Asia. Today, they range from the Siberian taiga to open grasslands and tropical mangrove swamps. The remaining six tiger subspecies have been classified as endangered by IUCN. The global population in the wild is estimated to number between 3,062 and 3,948 individuals, down from around 100,000 at the start of the 20th century, with most remaining populations occurring in small pockets isolated from......

Words: 3492 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Tiger

...Tiger, tiger, burning bright In the forests of the night,  What immortal hand or eye  Could frame thy fearful symmetry?  Stanza 1 Summary What immortal being created this terrifying creature which, with its perfect proportions (symmetry), is an awesome killing machine?  [pic] 2 In what distant deeps or skies  Burnt the fire of thine eyes?  On what wings dare he aspire?  What the hand dare seize the fire? Stanza 2 Summary Was it created in hell (distant deeps) or in heaven (skies)? If the creator had wings, how could he get so close to the fire in which the tiger was created? How could he work with so blazing a fire? [pic] 3 And what shoulder and what art  Could twist the sinews of thy heart?  And when thy heart began to beat,  What dread hand and what dread feet?  Stanza 3 Summary What strength (shoulder) and craftsmanship (art) could make the tiger's heart? What being could then stand before it (feet) and shape it further (hand)? [pic] 4 What the hammer? what the chain?  In what furnace was thy brain?  What the anvil? What dread grasp  Dare its deadly terrors clasp?  Stanza 4 Summary What kind of tool (hammer) did he use to fashion the tiger in the forge fire? What about the chain connected to the pedal which the maker used to pump the bellows? What of the heat in the furnace and the anvil on which the maker hammered out his creation? How did the maker muster the courage to grasp the tiger?  [pic] 5 When the stars threw down their......

Words: 3227 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Tigers

...glimmer of hope for some of these species, especially tigers. In the past four years, India’s wild tiger population has risen 30%. Successes like these are key. It just shows that these endangered species can be saved. “India’s Environmental Minister Prakash Javadekar said the tiger population has risen from 1,706 in 2001 to 2,226 in 2014” (BBC). Overall, world tiger populations are falling, but just that tiger populations are rising in India is big news. Other countries throughout the world can put India’s proven conservation methods to use to increase tiger populations. The World Wildlife Fund and countless other organizations took part in the protection of Indian tigers these last four years and has definitely helped the increase in wild tigers. India protected more land land for wild tigers to live. A key factor to the growth of the population was state sponsored wildlife corridors that connected large protected wildlife areas. The most immediate threat to wild tigers is poaching. “In relentless demand, their parts are used for traditional medicine, folk remedies, and increasingly as a status symbol among some Asian cultures” (WWF). Limited resources leave protected areas had to guard especially due to the vastness of many protected areas. Thirteen countries plan on meeting for a symposium to help stop poaching of wild tigers in their respective countries. India has also offered to donate tiger cubs to countries whose tiger populations continue to plummet. Several......

Words: 426 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

White Bengal Tigers - Outline

...Outline – White Tigers Alejandro Raigosa Vargas Universidad del Valle de Mexico, Campus Torreon I. Introduction A. Current Problem: White Bengal Tigers in nature have disappeared because the hunting and capture. B. Population/Area of Focus: Asia (Indian subcontinent) C. Key Terms: Tigers, Hunting, India, Capture Thesis Statement: Hunting White Tigers has become a problem that has made these animals disappear(White Tiger, a-z-animals.com) from nature. In the past 50 years none have been seen in the wild(indiantiger.org) II. Background A. Historical Overview: Even though that the range of the White Tiger is truly very large, these animal are really rare. In the last two centuries this animal has become even rarer because the hunting and capture. In the past 50 years none have been seen in the wild. B. Historical Habitat Overview: The White Tiger have been found in the most part of India and surrounding countries. C. Current White tiger Distribution: Today, the White Tiger can still be found in a handful of zoos and animal sanctuaries around the world with these large and beautiful felines often being the star attraction. III. Major Point 1: Number of White Tiger in the wild A. Minor Point 1: During the last 100 years, merely 12 white tigers have been spotted in the wild in India; giving an approximate proportion of 1 white tiger for every 10,000 normal pigmented (orange) tigers. B. Minor point 2: The recent spotting of a white Bengal tiger in the......

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Tigers

...Orlando Pagan Dr. Ilyse Kusnetz Eng. 102 19 Jun. 2015 Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers The poem was written in 1951 by Adrienne Rich. "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers" theme paint a portrait of a married woman trapped within a timid and suppressed life. We are introduced to the sympathetic character of the poem, Aunt Jennifer. Instead of describing her, however, the author chooses to convey Aunt Jennifer's art, and the ownership of Tigers tied to her craft. The tigers are vivaciously portrayed. _______________________________________ Aunt Jennifer’s tigers prance across a screen, Bright topaz denizens of a world of green.  ________________________________________ These lines have been quoted from the poem. Here the poet expresses her unconscious desire for freedom through her needlework. Aunt Jennifer is a married woman who does a lot of needlework, like most traditional married women. Instead of flowers and leaves, she is making a pattern of prancing tigers. The poet calls them ‘bright topaz denizens’.  Aunt Jennifer’s needlework is an expression of her fiery nature that is restrained in her because of the restrictions of society that she was living in. ‘A world of green’ represents freedom and youth that the married woman craves for. Therefore, the poet expresses the married woman’s unconscious desire to be free. However, the restrictions of the culture she is living in restricts her from being free ______________________________________ The massive weight of Uncle’s wedding...

Words: 850 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Bengal Tigers

...Royal Bengal Tiger The Royal Bengal Tiger, once known as the reigning feline of Asia, are now on the brink of extinction. This beautiful species is quickly disappearing due to human activity. Land development has pushed back forestry, which is making it almost impossible for tigers to survive in their range of natural habitat. Additionally, even though it’s illegal to own, hunt or trap tigers, poachers continue to trap and sell tiger parts on the black market. Furthermore, tigers are being separated by “population fragmentation” which prevents them from mating and producing healthy cubs. Although conservation centers are providing safe havens for tigers, they are not seeing the results they expected. Royal Bengal Tigers are a majestic and alluring animal that will no longer exist if humans continue to poach them and take away their natural habitat. Due to massive human population increase in India, tigers have lost most of their natural habitat in the rain forest. According to the World Wildlife Federation, “Royal Bengal Tigers have lost 93% of their range and habitat in the last forty years. At the expense of tigers, forestry and grass lands were destroyed to develop land for agricultural and housing use to accommodate the accelerated population of humans. Jonathan Wright, an expert on Royal Bengal Tigers, explains that male tigers are loners and do not share their hunting grounds, with other males’ only females; they need a large home range. Each male tiger......

Words: 1112 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

01the Culture of Bengal Encompasses Cultures in the Bengal Region

...The culture of Bengal encompasses cultures in the Bengal region, which today consists of the independent nation of Bangladesh (East Bengal), and the Indian federal republic's constitutive state of West Bengal. The two geographical entities share many cultural traits which root from their historical association. Contents [hide]  * 1 Religion * 2 Literature * 3 Music * 4 Food * 5 Attire * 6 Festivals * 7 Wedding * 8 Cinema and media * 9 Sports * 10 See also * 11 Notes | [edit] Religion Pohela Baishakh celebration in Dhaka Ancient Bengal was the seat of Buddhism. During the Mauryan period, Poundravardhana, corresponding northern Bengal, was the seat of culture and political activities; and in the third century B.C. both of Buddhism and Jainism were prevalent in northern Bengal. This Buddhist tradition continued for centuries up to the end of the Pala period.The period was marked by the establishment of some Buddhist colleges and universities, the remains of one of which still can be found at Paharpur. From the twelfth century, under royal patronage of the Sena rulers, there was the revival of Brahmanical Hinduism; and because of the introduction of Kulinism and torture on the Buddhists and Yogis, the path was made ready for the spread of Islam from the thirteenth century onward. With the elapse of time, Shaktism became very prominent in Bengal; and from the end of the fifteenth century, Vaishnavism also grew to be popular under the leadership of Shri......

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Extinct Caspian Tiger

...“The extinct Caspian Tiger” For centuries animals have become extinct due to natural selection being not in favor of that particular species. Changes in climates change that particular region and as a result plants died out and/or another animal species shortens and causes another to starve out. Humans participate in a lot of the damage that has been done to many animal species through pollution, hunting, and the destruction of the places where they live. The Caspian Tiger also known as the Turan tiger was last recorded in the wild until the early 1970’s. The Turan tiger was in the past found populating a multitude of areas like the southeast hill and lowland forests of the Caucasus, lowlands forests of Priship, and subsequently moved toward the eastern plains of the Trans-Caucasus, and the Zangezur Mountains. Within Middle Asia it populated the southwestern Turkmenia, Sumbar and Chandyr rivers; in the western and southwestern parts of Kapet- Dag, the northern foothills of Ashkabad, in the Afghanistan upper range at Herat and along the jungles in the lower river areas around Tedzhen, Murgap, Kushka, and Kashan rivers. More over, along the Fergana Valley, western branch of Talas Alatau, and the entire Aral Sea area. The wide ranging of distribution can be evaluated by the new research reveals that 10,000 years ago the ancient tigers went through it along China’s Gansu Corridor. The Caspian tiger was known to follow the migratory herds such as the boar. The Kazakh......

Words: 628 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Tigers

...Tigers Bobbie-Lynn Molina BIO 101 August 28, 2012 Kira Krend Tigers Tigers, the largest of all living cat species are recognized by its unique reddish-orange coat with black stripes. Although they are considered to be loners they are extremely territorial. Initially, there were nine known subspecies of tigers: Siberian, South China, Indo-Chinese, Sumatran, Bengal, Malayan, Balinese, Javan, and Persian. The Bali, Javan, and Persian tigers are extinct and the remainder of the subspecies is found on the endangered species list. Tigers have exceptional skills and can familiarize to their environment, but poaching and increase of their natural habitat threaten existence. Tiger’s physical attributes such as their body size, patterns of their stripes, and length of fur are characterized by the locale they live in. Most feline species come from a long line of adaptive and changing family history. Tigers have a massive muscular build, allowing them to apprehend and subdue their prey or get out of harms danger. A full-grown tiger can weigh as much as 650 pounds and up to 13 feet in length. Tiger’s backbones are flexible, which give them the ability of motion and allowing them to leap forward up to 33 feet at a time. The hind legs on the tiger are longer than the front so it helps with the ability of jumping. The paws of the tiger are well padded allowing it to walk quietly......

Words: 810 - Pages: 4