Premium Essay

Behavior Approach

In: Business and Management

Submitted By donaldduck123
Words 678
Pages 3
Behavior Leadership Approach
Each person is uniquely and individually made. With this in mind, people do not think, look or even respond alike all the time. Leadership is a skill that individuals display using different techniques. Some leaders are received better than others. There are many forms of leadership. The common key to all approaches of leading is to understand what the definition of leadership is as it relates to the organization. Trait, behavior, power-influence, situational, and integrative approach have been examined by researchers in the study of leadership. This paper will provide an overview of the behavior approach study of leadership.
Leadership has been defined in terms of traits, behaviors, influence, interaction patterns, role relationships, and occupation of an administrative position (Robbins & Judge, 2011). The meaning or explanation of leadership is an area that has been debated for years. Today most definitions of leadership reflect the assumption that it involves a process whereby intentional influence is exerted over other people to guide, structure, and facilitate activities, and relationships in a group or organization (Robbins & Judge, 2011).
Behavior Approach The behavior approach is the result of researcher’s inability to produce steady results connecting individual’s traits with effective leadership. The shift moved from examining leaders traits to examining leader’s behaviors, in the early 1950s. Researchers began observing managers actions on-the-job, they wanted to know what leaders did and what behaviors contributed to their success. Surveys and direct observation are some techniques researcher’s uses to collect data.
Ohio State University and the University of Michigan studies on behavior leadership generated patterns. The institutions studies produced patterns as task-oriented behaviors and people-oriented…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Leadership Approach

...Leadership Approach Dick Tracy LDR/531 September 10, 2012 Bill Clinton Leadership Approach There have been a lot of different studies conducted to identify the different forms of leadership. Leadership traits can be broken down into five different areas from trait approach, behavior approach, power-influence approach, situational approach, and integrative approach. The one leadership approach that best matches my leadership style is the power-influence approach. According to University of Phoenix Organizational Behavior (2011), Power is important not only to influencing subordinates, but also for influencing peers, superiors, and people outside the organization, clients, and suppliers. The strength of power-influence approach is the ability to influence leaders and others into thinking a certain way. Not only thinking a certain way but also making them think it was there idea and it’s for the good of the team. While following all the rules and policy established by your company or organization. With power-influence approach force is not needed because your power is already established. The weakness of power-influence is the ability for some people to use pressure or other means to influence people or organization to be what they are recommending. If the receiving party......

Words: 722 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cardinalist and Ordinalist Approach of Consumer Behavior

...Consumer Behavior from a Cardinalist and Ordinalist Approach Utility means satisfaction which consumers derive from commodities and services by purchasing different units of money.From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia “Ineconomics, utility is a measure of satisfaction;it refers to the total satisfaction received by a consumer from consuming a good or service. “Given this measure, one may speak meaningfully of increasing or decreasing utility, and thereby explain economic behavior in terms of attempts to increase one's utility. Utility is often affected by consumption of various goods and services, possession of wealth and spending of leisure time. According to Utilitarian’s, such as Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806–1873), theory “Society should aim to maximize the total utility of individuals, aiming for "the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people". Another theory forwarded by John Rawls (1921–2002) would have society maximize the utility of those with the lowest utility, raising them up to create a more equitable distribution across society. Utility is usually applied by economists in such constructs as the indifference curve, which plot the combination of commodities that an individual or a society would accept to maintain at given level of satisfaction. Individual utility and social utility can be construed as the value of a utility function and a social welfare function respectively. When coupled with production or commodity......

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Adlerian Approach

...Adlerian Approach with Abby Sylvia Montalvo Walden University Adlerian Approach with Abby The therapeutic approach in the case profile of a client named Abby after an assessment is given, and a summary is developed based on the information collected is the Adlerian approach. According to the COUN 6722 study notes, Abby is a 57 year-old African American women who came into the office seeking counseling. Abby works part-time as a free-lance editor. Abby has a bachelor’s degree in literature. Abby is married to her husband Ron who was diagnosed two months ago. Abby has a difficult time accepting that her husband was diagnosed with cancer (Walden University, 2012). She cannot cope with the situation, therefore Ron’s brother is the one who takes him to have his treatments, and to his doctor’s appointments. Abby is depressed, and spends her time crying, sleeping, has lost her appetite, and feels fatigued. She feels guilty that she is not supportive toward her husband (Walden University, 2012). Abby has always believed to be hopeless throughout her life. She has low self-esteem, and believes that everyone around her has a better life than she does, though she has lived comfortably. Abby has expressed that she suffered from migraine headaches in her twenties, which has become worse over the years (Walden University, 2012). Doctors have prescribed medications for the migraines, which has not been effective. Abbey claims that she drinks alcohol......

Words: 1243 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Suggest the Significant Differences Between Behaviourism and Psychodynamic Approach to Understanding Human Behavior.

...behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest the significant differences between behaviourism and psychodynamic approach to understanding human behavior. Suggest......

Words: 261 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Leadership Approach

...RUNNING HEAD: LEADERSHIP APPROACH PAPER Leadership Approach Paper University of Phoenix LDR 531/ Organizational Leadership March 31, 2013 Leadership Approach Research on leadership has been occurring for centuries and has continued to evolve over the course of time. So much research is available that it is necessary to categorize it to emphasize potential relationships that tie them together. According to Yuki, "common practice is to limit the focus to one type of leader characteristic, namely traits, behavior, or power" (Yuki, 2010, p. 13). Focusing on the trait approach, a definition will be provided and an evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of this approach will be discussed. Trait Approach Trait approach is defined as "personal attributes (or traits) of leaders, such as physical and personality characteristics, competencies, and values"(Fleenor, 2006, p. 830). The idea behind early research was that certain people had traits from birth that enabled them to be leaders. Researchers have created lists to describe the character......

Words: 654 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Behavior

...INTERVIEW QUESTIONS – DIRECT CARE STAFF & SUPERVISOR SUPPLEMENT Behavior #1: Grounded (know who you are; confident, detachment; work/life balanced; have a sense of own identity) Targeted Questions: 1. What keeps you busy outside of (school, work, etc)? 2. Tell me about a sports team, activity, group that you belong to: a. Why do, or did, you enjoy this group? b. What needs do they meet for you? --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Behavior #2: Tolerant of stress (can handle anxiety) Targeted Questions: 1. Tell me about a time when you had to overcome stress. How did you do this? 2. Tell me about the most stressful situation that you had to deal with. 3. Tell me about a time when stress overwhelmed you – and you failed because of it. How did you deal with it? 4. Have you ever had to help someone else overcome a very stressful situation? Tell me about it. How did you help? 5. Tell me about a time when you had to manage multiple responsibilities. How did you do it? 6. Tell me about a confrontation that you have had that made you feel uncomfortable. How did you deal with it? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Behavior #3: Team player Targeted Questions: 1. Have you been part of a “team” (sport, academic, social)? ...

Words: 1424 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Behavior

...ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR in Greek town Bank Final Course Project GM591: Leadership and Organizational Behavior INTRODUCTION The leadership’s role in an organization is specific in that they should demonstrate four leadership responsibilities directing, coaching, supporting and delegating. These specific responsibilities will not only lead a team but will be effective in the results the teamwork will display. Good leadership practice is a process that is learned and applied. The leader becomes to be more effective and productive as they work to direct and guide their staff towards the mutual accomplishment of goals and objectives. Greek town bank is well known amongst the regular customers for being friendly and personal the atmosphere is always upbeat and relaxed. The employees make the professional setting fun casual and inviting to everyone. At the bank I’m the teller supervisor. I oversea the operational issues and interact with daily customer transactions. I’ve been working in this position for 2 years. Within the last 8 months new management has come on board and changed the entire dynamics of the setting. The environment is cold and quiet, we work in silence and the interaction that customers enjoyed and became familiar with changed when employees left after new management came on board. David J. Prottas in “Relationships Among Employee Perception of Their Manager’s Behavioral Integrity, Moral Distress, and Employee Attitudes and Well-Being”...

Words: 2636 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

The Psychodynamic Approach

...What is the Psychodynamic approach?The Psychodynamic approach was originally developed by Sigmund Freud who was one of the most influential people of the twentieth century and his enduring legacy has influenced not one Psychology, but art, literature and even the way people bring up their children. The Psychodynamic approach is concerned with the influence of the unconscious mind – that is the mental process of which we are not consciously aware – on the feelings, thinking and behavior of the individual. It is one of the older approaches to Psychology having been developed as far back as the 1890s. Sigmund Freud developed a collection of ideas mainly on how the unconscious mind works. It holds that our early experiences of relationships with significant people such as our parents during the first five years of child development remain in the unconscious. Thus affecting the way we perceive situations in later life. Freud believed that the unconscious determines our behaviors and that we are motivated by unconscious emotional drives which are shaped by unresolved conflicts from our childhood experiences. For example, a child exposed to abuse during 1- 5 years of development will have an unstable personality compared to a child who wasn't exposed to abuse. Freud (1923) later developed a more structural model of the mind, the psychic apparatus, comprising the entities id, ego and superego which are rather hypothetical conceptualizations of important mental functions. In saying......

Words: 3294 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Approachs

...organization, its marketing strategy, etc. are consistent. Only then, the organization can operate efficiently on the market. The following essay presents the main ideas of the EPRG model in the context of the modern economies. Some arguments are illustrated by particular examples from markets. II. ETHNOCENTRISM As mentioned before, the model takes into account four different orientations: ethnocentric, polycentric, regiocentric and geocentric. The first one is very common amongst companies just starting the international activity. Such companies concentrate their efforts on production and sales, but mainly on the domestic market. Activity on a foreign market is usually perceived as a temporary activity. Hence, patterns of market behavior are based on the experience gained from the domestic market. Moreover, such patterns are usually not modified in any significant way to fit the foreign market. Organizational culture, marketing, procedures and so on, are copies from the domestic market. The foreign market is considered as a secondary one. For example, no significant research activity is done on the foreign market (Radomska, 2010). Ethnocentrism arises from the dominance of one culture over another in some sense. This dominancy can relate to the cultural sphere, manual, technical, mental or even ethical and moral skills. This orientation is somehow natural because of some psychological factors. People have a tendency to unite in a compact, somehow......

Words: 5748 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Behavior Management Approach

...Judith Ortega EDU-450 October 25, 2014 Jayne Marie-Yenko Behavior Management Approach Teachers must understand that they may face students with different kinds of disruptive behaviors in their classroom. It can be by far, one of the most worrisome issues teachers may come in contact with. Unfortunately, even when taking steps to prevent disruptive behavior, one can never guarantee a disruption -free class. This is why it is important that teachers are prepared with a plan on how they are going to approach such situations. In the scenario to follow, a teacher faces a disruptive student in class. The goal of the teacher will be to use her behavioral approach to diffuse the situation and not allow it to escalate any further by establishing and maintaining a calm, orderly, respectful, motivated classroom environment. (Kelly, 2015) Scenario: Layla is in Ms. Adams’s 3rd grade class. She is a nice girl who does not always complete classroom assignments. She cannot seem to stop talking in class whether it be while the teacher is talking or students are supposed to be quietly working. Layla also tends to speak or make comments while other students are talking. The teacher calls on students who raise their hands, yet, when it is their floor to speak, Layla disturbs them. On this particular Monday, as usual, Ms. Adams gave her students a morning assignment that they are supposed to quietly complete the minute they walk in. Layla begins to try and spark up a conversation...

Words: 1099 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Leadership Approach

...Leadership Approach Leadership Approach Leadership can be characterized by three variables that help to understand leadership effectiveness. These variables are, 1) characteristics of a leader, 2) characteristics of followers, and 3) characteristics of the situation. Classifying the different leadership theories are done according to the emphasis of the variable. There are several major approaches to studying leadership. Some examples are the trait approach, behavior approach, power-influence approach, situational approach, and integrative approach. With each approach comes several strengths and weaknesses. Examples can be given to help show how a leadership approach can be used in an organization. Behavior Approach The behavior approach to studying leadership, which began in the 1950s, was developed after researchers became uninterested with the trait approach. Instead, they began to focus their attention to what managers do while at their job. The research for behavior branches into two main subcategories (Yukl, 2010). First Subcategory The first subcategory of research observes how managers spend their time and the routines of their activities, functions for managerial jobs, and functions. Other research involves examining how managers cope with the demands, constraints, and role conflicts that can occur during their job. A vast majority of the managerial work research uses detailed methods of collecting data in such ways as direct observation, job......

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Consumer Behavior from a Cardinalist and Ordinalist Approach

...Utility means satisfaction which consumers derive from commodities and services by purchasing different units of money.From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia “Ineconomics, utility is a measure of satisfaction;it refers to the total satisfaction received by a consumer from consuming a good or service. “Given this measure, one may speak meaningfully of increasing or decreasing utility, and thereby explain economic behavior in terms of attempts to increase one's utility. Utility is often affected by consumption of various goods and services, possession of wealth and spending of leisure time. According to Utilitarian’s, such as Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806–1873), theory “Society should aim to maximize the total utility of individuals, aiming for "the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people". Another theory forwarded by John Rawls (1921–2002) would have society maximize the utility of those with the lowest utility, raising them up to create a more equitable distribution across society. Utility is usually applied by economists in such constructs as the indifference curve, which plot the combination of commodities that an individual or a society would accept to maintain at given level of satisfaction. Individual utility and social utility can be construed as the value of a utility function and a social welfare function respectively. When coupled with production or commodity constraints, under some assumptions, these functions can be used to......

Words: 3826 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

The Effects of Music in Advertising on Choice Behavior: a Classical Conditioning Approach

...ASSIGNMENT Gorn, Gerald J., The effects of Music in Advertising on Choice Behavior: A Classical Conditioning Approach, Journal of Marketing 46:1 (1982:Winter) p.94 Summary of Gorn, Gerald J., The effects of Music in Advertising on Choice Behavior: A Classical Conditioning Approach, Journal of Marketing 46:1 (1982:Winter) p.94 The research conducted by Gerald J. Gorn is connected with Consumer Behavior through the general topic of learning: how do consumers’ behavior can be influenced by experience. In this case experience can be assimilated with music during advertising or more generally sensory features, which leads us more in depth of the Behavioral Learning Theories that emphasizes the learning process that occurs as consumers are facing external events. Its is to say do these external factors such as music during advertising influence the attention and the process of information, or do they directly takes part of the forming attitude process. Then we can especially focus on the Classical conditioning approach and effects on attitude (if there is) as Gerald J. Gorn does in his research. But before explaining the theory, on which the research is based, let focus on its objectives. As explained earlier, the purpose of the two experiments are to demonstrate if there is a scientific connection between the sensory features added to information in an advertisement and the attitude(s) and preference(s) shaped toward the......

Words: 1297 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Leadership Approach

...Leadership Approach LDR/531 February 25, 2012 Daryl Korinek Leadership Approach Leadership is an important function of management, which helps to maximize and to achieve organizational goals. A leader is expected to initiate actions, motivate employees, provide guidance, create high morale, infuse confidence, and build a positive work environment. Currently there are five major approaches to studying leadership: trait approach, behavior approach, powerful influence approach, situational approach, and the integrative approach. The following review will discuss the behavior approach. The behavior approach is the idea of looking further into what the manager performs daily. “The behavior approach began in the early 1950s after many researchers became discouraged with the trait approach and began to pay close attention to what mangers actually do on the job” (Yukl, 2010). Within the behavior approach there are two categories of information that is analyzed. Researchers are identifying how managers utilize his or her time, daily activities, responsibilities, and expected functions of the manager. Researches are also investigating how managers deal with on-the-job demands and time constraints. To conduct the research, researchers relied on data collected by direct observation, questionnaires, and interviews. The other category of information being studied is identifying how the manager is an effective leader. Researchers relied on a survey field study that included a......

Words: 376 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Leader Approach

...Leadership Approach Paper Zahíra Martínez LDR/531 May 28, 2012 Ben MC Collum Leadership Approach Paper During the reading of the paper the reader will be learning about the Behavioral Theory found as a result of study about leadership it has produced a multitude of perspectives and theories. The Behavioral Theory in one of few theories that can be found on the studies of leadership. Each theory has its pro and cons where not everyone can concord with the same opinion to each theory. The theory centers on what leaders actually do, rather than on their personal characteristics. The Ohio State leadership studies of the 1940s are the most well-known and influential research inquiry in this area (Bensimon et al., 1989; Hoy & Miskel, 1996; Bass, 1990). The leader behavior description questionnaire (LBDQ) established measures two basic dimensions of leadership: initiating structure (task oriented) and consideration (relationship oriented) (Hoy & Miskel). Since early studies using the LBDQ indicated that the two dimensions are separate and distinct, dividing each dimension into high or low sections can create four quadrants or leadership styles. According to the LBDQ, administrators are most effective when they score high in consideration and initiating structure. Another application of this perspective is the managerial grid developed by Blake and Mouton (1964). It measures a person's leadership style by "detecting the degree of concern for production (task......

Words: 770 - Pages: 4