Premium Essay

Banking & the Economy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By netwrkqueen
Words 5138
Pages 21
Banking Industry and the Economy

Ja’Net McQueen Slater

Strayer University Birmingham, AL

Instructor: Dr. Lisa Kincaid

Research and Communication- RES 531

April 18th, 2010

Context of the Problem Today the economy is at its worst than it’s ever been before since the 1940s. Unemployment is at a record high as well as companies that are continuing to close down due to financial issues. The housing markets, auto industry, banking industry, & loss of jobs are all major things that are being affected by the way the US is spending money. The housing market and banking industry are both some of the main things that are having a major affect on the U.S. and to how this affects all other aspects of daily living. Some people may ask, “How did we get this way”? Over the past 180 years the United States grew to a huge, integrated, industrialized economy that makes up over a quarter of the world economy. The main causes were a large unified market, a supportive political-legal system, vast areas of highly productive farmlands, vast natural resources (especially timber, coal and oil), an entrepreneurial spirit, a commitment to investing in material and human capital, and at times a willingness to exploit labor. In addition, the U.S. was able to utilize these resources due to a unique set of institutions designed to encourage utilization and extraction. The economy has maintained high wages, attracting immigrants by the millions from all over the world. In the 19th century, recessions frequently coincided with financial crises. Because of the great changes in the economy over the centuries, it is difficult to compare past recessions to early recessions. After the Great Depression, ideas about the best tools for stabilizing the economy changed substantially between the 1930s and the 1980s. From the New Deal era that began in 1933,…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Banking

...  Role of Banks for developing the Economy of Bangladesh Role of Banks for developing the Economy of Bangladesh Introduction Banks over the years, have become a significant aspect of an economy. With the on going financial depression, the position of banks have become all the more important in the course of working of the money market and hence the economy of a nation. The banking sector forming a portion of the financial sector primarily works as a financial intermediary generating money supply. From the different macro economic models , banks have been found to be a part of the supply side of the economy . However, over time banks have transformed from merely money generating organizations to a multi tasking entity. In this paper, we shall deal with the role of banks in the context of the world economy as well as the Bangladesh economy . The first section will illustrate the functions of a bank along with its classification. In the second section, we shall discuss the role of a banks as a major component of the service sector rendering to the economy as a whole. In the third section, we would like to empirically validate our hypothesis with a comprehensive data analysis. The recession in the US market and the global meltdown termed as Global recession have engulfed complete world economy with a varying degree of recessional impact. World over the impact has diversified and its impact can be observed from the very fact of falling Stock market,......

Words: 6647 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Banking

... | |The Bank of England has two main functions and these are Monetary Stability and Financial | |Stability. The Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) meet on a regular basis to| |discuss Monetary Stability each month. This entails setting the bank rate, this rate has | |been 0.5% for the longest period in the Banks history and the reason for doing so is to | |keep inflation low and to achieve the 2% target set by the Government. A stable economy is | |intended to encourage growth in the economy. | | | |Financial stability on the other hand was overseen by the tripartite authorities who were | |made up of Her Majesty’s Treasury (HMT), Financial Services Authority (FSA) and the Bank of| |England (B of E). This system was one of the factors that contributed to the banking crisis| |as they did not act quickly and decisively. All three authorities seemed reliant on the | |other to take a course of action. | | | |The Financial Policy Committee (FPC) has since replaced the Tripartite Committee and is | |based in the Bank of England. FPC’s sole responsibility is to ensure that macro prudential| |regulation does not......

Words: 1214 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Banking

...the economy, infrastructural problems, price rise, delay in release of sanctioned limits by banks, delays in settlements of payments by government, natural calamities, etc. Changing Role of Banks in India The role of banks in India has changed a lot since economic reforms of 1991. These changes came due to LPG, i.e. liberalization, privatization and globalization policy being followed by GOI. Since then most traditional and outdated concepts, practices, procedures and methods of banking have changed significantly. Today, banks in India have become more customer-focused and service-oriented than they were before 1991. They now also give a lot of importance to their rural customers. They are even willing ready to help them and serve regularly the banking needs of country-side India. The following points briefly highlight the changing role of banks in India. 1. Better Customer Service Before 1991, the overall service of banks in India was very poor. There were very long queues (lines) to receive payment for cheques and to depositmoney. In those days, some bank staffs were very rude to their customers. However, all this changed remarkably after Indian economic reforms of 1991. Banks in India have now become very customer and service focus. Their service has become quick, efficient and customer-friendly. This positive change is mostly due to rising competition from new private banks and initiation of Ombudsman Scheme by RBI. 2. Mobile Banking Under mobile banking......

Words: 4913 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Banking

...H. Gibson, J. Goddard, P. Molyneux and G. Tavlas, as well as participants of the 3rd Annual Conference of the Hellenic Finance and Accounting Association (December 2004, Athens) for very helpful comments. The views expressed in this paper do not necessarily reflect those of the Bank of Greece. Correspondence: Panayiotis P. Athanasoglou, Economic Research Department, Bank of Greece, 21 E. Venizelos Ave., 102 50 Athens, Greece, Tel. +30210-320 2449 Email: pathanasoglou@bankofgreece. 1. Introduction During the last two decades the banking sector has experienced worldwide major transformations in its operating environment. Both external and domestic factors have affected its structure and performance. Despite the increased trend toward bank disintermediation observed in many countries, the role of banks remains central in financing economic activity in general and different segments of the market in particular. A sound and profitable banking sector is better able to withstand negative shocks and contribute to the stability of the financial system. Therefore, the determinants of bank performance have attracted the interest of academic research as well as of bank management, financial markets and bank supervisors. The majority of studies on bank profitability, such as Short (1979), Bourke (1989), Molyneux and Thornton (1992), Demirguc-Kunt and Huizinga (2000) and Goddard et al. (2004), use linear models to estimate the impact of various factors that may be important in......

Words: 11509 - Pages: 47

Free Essay

Banking

...Lichtenstein & Williamson: Consumer Adoption of Internet Banking UNDERSTANDING CONSUMER ADOPTION OF INTERNET BANKING: AN INTERPRETIVE STUDY IN THE AUSTRALIAN BANKING CONTEXT Sharman Lichtenstein Deakin University, Australia sharman.lichtenstein@deakin.edu.au Kirsty Williamson Monash University and Charles Sturt University, Australia kirsty.williamson@sims.monash.edu.au ABSTRACT This paper reports key findings from an interpretive study of Australian banking consumer experiences with the adoption of internet banking. The paper provides an understanding of how and why specific factors affect the consumer decision whether or not to bank on the internet, in the Australian context. A theoretical framework is provided that conceptualizes and links consumer-oriented issues influencing adoption of internet banking. The paper also provides a set of recommendations for Australian banks. Specifically, the findings suggest that convenience is the main motivator for consumers to bank on the internet, while there is a range of other influential factors that may be modulated by banks. The findings also highlight increasing risk acceptance by consumers in regard to internetbased services and the growing importance of offering deep levels of consumer support for such services. Gender differences are also highlighted. Finally, the paper suggests that banks will be better able to manage consumer experiences with moving to internet banking if they understand that such experiences involve......

Words: 12503 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

Banking

...when and how the word “Bank” was derived. But it is assumed that this word derived from the ancient Latin words “Banco”, “Bangk”, “Bancus” and “Banque”. Meaning of these words is long bench. Once a class of people used to sit in the bench particularly in Lombardy street of Italy for taking deposit and lending money as a banking business. Definition of Bank: ➢ Different authors have defined the “Bank” in different ways with a common principle to accept deposit from the public and lending the same to the borrowers. ➢ Some important definitions are: ➢ “A bank is an establishment which trades in money, and establishment for deposit custody and issue of money, and also for granting loan and discounting bills and facilitating transmission of remittances from one place top another” …... from Imperial Dictionary. ➢ “An organization through which funds in the form of money or claim to money are assembled and transferred from those individuals and firms having a surplus of economic goods(as represented by such funds) to other individuals & firm whose needs for funds exceed their existing supply”..... from Rollin G. Thomas. ➢ “Banking" means the accepting, for the purpose of lending or investment, of deposits of money from the public, repayable on demand or otherwise, and withdraw able by cheque, draft, order or otherwise. ……………. from The Bank Company Act, 1991. Banker: ➢ Section-3 of NI Act. states that Banker means “ a person......

Words: 2187 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Role of Banking in Economy

...Essay on the Role of Banking in India's Developing Economy One of the major considerations that led to the nationalization of the fourteen major commercial banks of India in 1969 was the fact that banks, in general, had been negligent of the vital priority sectors of the economy, viz., agriculture and small-scale industries. The commercial banks had remained largely indifferent to the credit needs of the farmers for agricultural operations and land improve¬ment. A handful of people were able to exploit the bank finance to serve their own individual interests and convenience. Very often, they used bank funds for the hoarding of essential articles and for specialization, thus nurturing anti-social elements. Nationalization brought about a major policy shift in the working of these banks. The economic development of our country depends more on real factors like the industrial development, modernization of agri¬culture, organization of internal trade and expansion of foreign trade, especially exports, and less on the monetary factors contri¬buted by banking— Economic planning like laying down of specific targets and allocating particular sums of money that constitute the economic policy of the government also plays a significant role. Still we cannot under-estimate the importance of banking and the monetary mechanism. One of the most important problems of a developing economy is that of capital formation. There is a good deal of difference between hoarding and saving and the......

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Banking

...Banking Research & Writing Table of content Introduction 3 Structure and functioning of UK banking system: 3 Performance measurement system 5 Trading revenues and Value-at-Risk 7 Evaluation of Regulatory Challenges of UK Universal Banking Model 9 Micro and macro prudential regulation 9 Basel II, III regulation 10 Global Financial Crises in UK 12 Conclusion 13 References 14 Introduction The UK managing an account has experienced considerable change in the course of the most recent 20 years, essentially determined by local deregulation and different strengths that have changed supply and interest qualities of the money related administrations industry. Elaboration of structure and functioning of the UK banking industry, Evaluation of Regulatory Challenges of UK Universal Banking Model and Global Financial Crises in UK is discussed further in this paper. Structure and functioning of UK banking system: The UK banking system is regularly said to be very focused and subsequently deficiently aggressive. The UK banking sector contains one market and not many markets. The UK banking system is indeed a mix of numerous separate product markets with rivalry originating from distinctive regions and diverse contenders. The High Street banks are all sizeable members in each of the business sector fragments and giving administrations to the overall population, the leading bank in each one fragment has a tendency to appear as something else. Business......

Words: 2870 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Banking

...Will Reforms Enable Outreach? M-CRIL Review of Rural Banking in India: Working Paper 1 Micro-Credit Ratings International Limited 602 Pacific Square, 32nd Milestone NH8, Gurgaon 122 001 INDIA Telephone: +91 124 230 9497, 230 9707, 405 0739, 426 8707; Fax: +91 124 230 9520 e-mail: contact@m-cril.com ; website: www.m-cril.com Study Sponsored by Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation Micro-Credit Ratings International Limited Table of Contents Section Background Executive Summary 1 2 3 4 Introduction The Importance of Rural Banks Recent Performance of the Rural Banking System Reforms and the Rural Banks 4.1 A huge effort to reform the cooperative system 4.2 Sensible proposals for reorienting the Regional Rural Banks but… 5 Will Reforms Enable Inclusion? 5.1 Cooperative reform – is it good money after bad? 5.2 RRB reform – has the inclusion objective been sidelined? 6 Conclusion Page v vii 1 3 7 8 8 12 15 15 17 18 M-CRIL Review of Rural Banking in India Background This study follows from the discussion of issues in the performance of Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) written by Sanjay Sinha, Managing Director, M-CRIL and published in The Economic Times (newspaper) on 17 March 2007. In relation to financial inclusion, many of the issues raised there affect the performance of cooperative banks as well as the RRBs. These issues include • The effect of government ownership of RRBs on their ability to operate efficiently and effectively to fulfil the financial......

Words: 5545 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Banking

... Table of contest Executive Summary..............................................................................2 Introduction..........................................................................................3 Objective................................................................................................4 Roadmap of a European Banking Union............................................5 A Two-region Euro area model...........................................................5 Analyse..................................................................................................6 Conclusion............................................................................................7 Reference..............................................................................................8 Appendix...............................................................................................9 Executive Summary Budgetary viability and its recommendations for cash related and money related security in the euro area. The late crisis has incited a genuine disintegrating of open assets in for the most part industrialized countries. Governments in the moved countries left the retreat with the most bewildering setback and commitment to-Total national output extents since World War II. In the euro area, lack and commitment numbers surged. As showed by the European Commission, the euro zone general government......

Words: 3534 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Banking

...Suppose India becomes the only gold producing country in the world. Give views. Q5) Can private hospitals play a significant role in providing medical facilities to rural people? or How milk cooperatives societies can help in increasing the milk production? The following questions were asked in the Indian Bank PO Exam held on Jan 2nd, 2010. I have tried to frame these questions based on my memory from the question paper that was given to us in the exam hall. Please feel free to edit if necessary. But most important of all it would be very helpful if you post your answers to thesequestions on this website as it would be very useful to all the aspirants for PO post in banks. Thank you very much. How can NBFC’s be utilized to make banking services available to the blue collared people/layman. Joint families are slowly waning away from semi-urban and rural areas. Discuss the advantages/disadvantages of joint family and nuclear family. Vehicular population is increasing. Discuss steps to ease traffic jam and congestion in cities. Banks allow opening of no frill accounts. Discuss its merits and demerits. Discuss the merits and demerits of Contract farming. Is it harmful or friendly to small farmers. ## BANK PO DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONS ## Q1) “The Govt sould have lesser & lesser role in the activities related health”. Give arguments in favour and against of this statement. Ans1) Liberalisation has opened new opportunities for private investment in the......

Words: 2968 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Banking

...analyze the role of information technology (IT) in the Indian banking industry. Indian banks are investing heavily in the technologies such as automated teller machine (ATMs), net banking, mobile banking, tele -banking, credit cards, debit cards, smart cards, call centers, CRM, data warehousing etc. It is essential to evaluate the impact of information technology on the performance of Indian banks in terms of extended value added services and customer satisfaction thereby. Foreign banks and Private sector banks which took more IT initiative, were found to be more efficient and more competent force than public sector banks in India. Based on the article, technological innovations have enabled the industry to open up efficient delivery channels. It is said that IT has helped the banking industry to deal with the challenges the new economy poses. The study examines the views of banking customers on the implementation of IT in banks. According to the author, private and foreign banks use more IT-related banking services than public sector banks. Keywords and Abbreviations: Awareness level, Banking sector, Customer Satisfaction, ITeS, Security ATM – Automated Teller Machines / Any Time Money CBS – Core Banking Solution IAM – Investment and Assets Management CRM – Customer Relationship Management GRC – Governance Risk and Compliance IDRBT - Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology INFINET - Indian FInancial NETwork......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Banking

...Act, Sec 17 suggests that a fraud means and includes any of the acts by a party to a contract or with his connivance or by his agents with the intention to deceive another party or his agent or to induce him to enter in to a contract. Banking Frauds constitute a considerable percentage of white-collar offences being probed by the police. Unlike ordinary thefts and robberies, the amount misappropriated in these crimes runs into lakhs and crores of rupees. Bank fraud is a federal crime in many countries, defined as planning to obtain property or money from any federally insured financial institution. It is sometimes considered a white collar crime. The number of bank frauds in India is substantial. It in increasing with the passage of time. All the major operational areas in banking represent a good opportunity for fraudsters with growing incidence being reported under deposit, loan and inter-branch accounting transactions, including remittances. Bank fraud is a big business in today’s world. With more educational qualifications, banking becoming impersonal and increase in banking sector have gave rise to this white collar crime. In a survey made till 1997 bank frauds in nationalised banks was of Rs.497.60 crore. This banking fraud can be classified as: • Fraud by insiders • Fraud by others Fraud By Insiders Rogue traders A rogue trader is a highly placed insider nominally authorized to invest sizeable funds on behalf of the bank; this trader secretly......

Words: 3880 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Banking

...1. Introduction to banking sector Whenever you think of Banks what comes to your mind? Your salary account, your savings account or if you are a businessman your current account. Maybe you are also thinking about loans you took from a bank – your home loan, your car loan or your personal loan. But, did you ever pause to think how does this industry actually work – What is the structure of the Indian Banking Industry? What is its business model? How does a bank make money? What is its future outlook? Let us demystify it. The Banking industry plays a dynamic role in the economic development of a country. The growth story of an economy depends on the robustness of its banking industry. Banks act as the store as well as the power house of the country’s wealth. They accept deposits from individuals and corporate and lends to the businesses. They use the deposits collected for productive purposes which help in the capital formation in the country. Today, the Indian Banking System is known the world over for its robustness. The Reserve Bank of India is the central/apex Bank which regulates the functioning of all banks operating within the country. The banking system, largely, comprises of scheduled banks (banks that are listed under the Second Schedule of the RBI Act, 1934). Unscheduled banks form a very small component (function in the form of Local Area Bank). Scheduled banks are further classified into commercial and cooperative banks, with the basic difference in their......

Words: 602 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Banking

...1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The project proposal is devoted to studying the current situation in the banking sector Nepal and to revealing of its core dependencies and potential risks in particular. The problem of the project is based on the statement that the banking sector in nepal exists only at rudimentary level because it has evolved difficult transition from highly centralized and planned economy to government-sector dominated, commodity-focused market economy of today. This project of “Banking" will give us the platform to use the software for basic banking purposes ranging from cash withdrawls to cash deposites.Using this software,customoers can access their bank accounts in order to make cash withdrawals,debit card cash advances and check their account balances.Moreover it also provides us with the background and infrastructres to run an ATM card. Through the project the focus has been on using the ATM on a simple and reliable manner which makes use of normal database and input/output operations to give the desired results to the customer. This project is based upon the basic uses and functioning of the ATM as a whole where a customer can create a bank account, deposit his/her balance and retrieve money using a credit or a debit card. Banking system software keeps the day to day transaction record as a part of complete banking.It can keep the information of the account type,account opening form,deposit and withdrawal and searches the transacton,transaction......

Words: 1152 - Pages: 5