Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide, Canada

In: Social Issues

Submitted By devilfish333
Words 2773
Pages 12
| Assisted Suicide | Canadian Studies | | | 12/3/2012 |

|

Rebecca Miller
Canadian Studies 302-4:30-6:00
December 3, 2012

Canada Assisted Suicide Most places in the world have some sort of law about Euthanasia or physician-assisted Suicide. In Canada, it is against the law for a physician to aid a person in ending their own life (Criminal Code of Canada states in section 241(b ). Assisted Suicide is defined as suicide facilitated by another person, especially a physician, who organizes the logistics of the suicide, as by proving the necessary quantities of a poison. There are many people that are for and against assisted suicide; that is why this issue remains a sensitive and complex issue for many. Currently in Canada the books on both passive euthanasia (withholding of life-preserving procedures) and active euthanasia (assisted suicide) both forms are illegal. Recently in July, 2012 a British Columbia Supreme Court overturned the criminal code for Assisted Suicide citing that it unfairly infringes on the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The court has given a reprieve to the legislature for a challenge or change in the law before it goes into effect. I will discuss both sides of the issue of Assisted Suicide and the relevant cases that came before the Canadian Courts past and the case that eventually swayed the Supreme Court to reverse the laws of the land.
It used to be easy to define when one was dead, either when ones heart stop beating or when one stops breathing. This has increasingly gotten harder with technology and the ability to do organ transplant and the high tech mechanism to keep ones vitals alive indefinitely even if they are consider brain dead. In some cases the patient wouldn’t be alive if it wasn’t for technology keeping the heart, lung, or brain alive. With advancement in medicine we are able to keep…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide Letithia Terry PHI103: Informal Logic Kurt Mosser June 6, 2011 Assisted Suicide Assisted Suicide is when the physician provides the necessary means or information and the patient performs the act. Euthanasia is where the physician performs the intervention defined as the “act of bringing about the death of a hopelessly ill and suffering person in a relatively quick and painless way for reason of mercy (as cited in Mosser 2010). Physician Assisted Suicide has grown to be a controversial issue and one of the major disputes is; can an incurable ill patient be able to choose Physician assisted suicide? This phenomenal dilemma has risen debates on rather to legalize PAS or keep it illegal because of the different issues concerning the different religion, moral and ethical views people have on the topic. In this essay I will discuss issues of why many people and I believe assisted suicide should be legalized. There are different laws around the world concerning physician assisted suicide and only a few states that has legalized the procedure. In 2005, there were only four places in the world that open and legally authorize assistance in dying patients: “Oregon (since l997, physician-assisted suicide only); Switzerland (1941, physician and non-physician assisted suicide only); Belgium (2002, permits 'euthanasia' but does not define the method and the Netherlands (voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide...

Words: 1850 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide Cornelia Fuller Mind and Machine Frank Morelli January 28th, 2012 Assisted suicide or euthanasia is a difficult way to leave this earth. If I were in Wolf’s place I think I would respond in a relativist way. I would try to see these actions from the father’s point of view. I agree with Wolf’s decision in the end, her father lived a full life and did not want to die a slow painful, torturing death. If I were ever put in the position to give advice or even assist with a suicide or euthanasia, I would weigh the outcome for the family member or friend that I am acting for. If this person were as bad off as Wolf’s father, yes I would do everything in my power to help them stay comfortable. I would want them to live long and I would probably be a bit selfish about the decision at first. If I knew it was what my loved one wished for, I think I would do anything in my power to help them get their “dying” wish. If a person is in that bad of shape and cannot eat on their own or perform most daily task, isn’t it almost like being comatose? If the life will never have any real value and they will end up in pain for the rest of their time on earth, isn’t that the same as being cruel to animals and making them suffer? Why would any loved one want to see someone they love suffer through any more pain than they have to? If the quality of life has been diminished and the real ability to do almost anything is gone, would you want to be kept alive in pain? In...

Words: 922 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide By: Tim Winn Phi200: Mind and Machine Instructor: Peggy Allen 3-18-12 Assisted suicide is a dilemma that has plagued us as moral beings for a long time. Though this issue has always been debated, I think recent technology should make us take another look at the use of assisted suicide. Developments in the past couple of decades, has improved our quality of life dramatically. People are living longer and healthier lives. Today’s doctors can even keep individuals alive when it is past their means to live. Should it be ok to keep someone living even when their quality of life is not one they no longer wish to live? Shouldn’t the individual hold that right? If they are unable to make that decision for themselves, who should hold the right to make the decision for them? Even though there will always be different circumsatnces I think that the individual should have the right to make that decision, and if they are not in the right mind they should be able to impower someone else to carry out their wishes. Susan Wolf wrote about her father’s death and the thoughts that she had along the way. I could not imagine having to make a decision like this if I were in her shoes. I know that I said I think that the individual should have the right make their own decision, but being put in charge of the fate of your own father would be a tough one. I think that caught up in the moment she wanted what all of us want. I would want my father to live and I would not want...

Words: 508 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted suicide Assisted suicide generally refers to a practice in which the physician provides a patient with a lethal dose of medication, upon the patient's request, which the patient intends to use to end his or her own life (Somerville 47). Assisted suicide has been a highly controversial issue nowadays. In some countries it is legalized. Some people hold the opinion that assisted suicide is not considerable due to the fact that life is valuable than any substances, but I think assisted suicide should be legalized and put into practice because it will benefits all people involved. In the next paragraphs, I will talk about what are the advantages about assisted suicide. First, assisted suicide can release the pain of the dying patient who suffers terribly from the incurable disease. The most well-known method of assisted suicide is Euthanasia. The word “Euthanasia” comes from Greek words, means dying with happiness. In China, Euthanasia means, when the incurable patient nearly dying, suffering with extremely pain for both spiritual and physical, if the patient and his or her families ask for Euthanasia and the doctors allowed, the patient could get Euthanasia in a humanistic way. So we can safely conclude that Euthanasia or assisted suicide is not killing people, but helping them getting rid of the intolerable suffering. Second, assisted suicide will also reduce the great financial pressure for the families on living, because a great deal of money......

Words: 897 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide Shanette Anfield PHI200: Mind and Machine Troy Epps July 31, 2012 Assisted Suicide Assisted suicide is an ethical issue that not only has an effect on the individual, but it also reflects on the society where the individual lives. Euthanasia is an act of someone else ending someone’s life. Assisted suicide is the act of the individual having help in ending their own life. “Physician-assisted suicide (PAS), is slightly different than euthanasia; in using PAS, the patient is provided the means for terminating his or her life, but the patient, not the doctor, ends the life in question” (Mosser, 2010, Chp. 2.3, para. 31). However, not all assisted suicides may involve a doctor. In the United States, Oregon was the first state to pass an assisted-suicide law. Washington is a state that has as recently as 2008 adopted an act that allows residents that have less than six months to live to request a legal dose of medication. Eleven states, including Alabama, Idaho and North Carolina ‘have no enactments which criminalize aiding, abetting, assisting, or counseling suicide” (“Assisted Suicide,” 2010, para. 1-7). Several other states such as Alaska, California and Florida “criminalize aiding, abetting, and/or assisting suicide” (“Assisted Suicide,” 2010, para. 8). I am a Georgian and our law states that any involvement in an assisted suicide is a felony. The main conflict of assisted suicide...

Words: 2279 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Task A. Assisted suicide 1) The issues presented in text 1 and 2 are concerning the same subject, though they have a different view on the matter. Should we as a society, be able to bend the current laws in a way that it would be legal for a terminal ill patient, to commit voluntarily suicide? This is a common debate in the modern society we live in, as the progression of healthcare and medicine now makes people live longer - whether they like it or not. In these two texts, pros and cons for legalising medical suicide for some patients are discussed, with a touch of personal involvement, and therefor the texts are also subjective. The author of text 1, Nina Lakhani, is presenting some of the positive sides of assisted suicide. She uses quotes from Tony Nicklinson, a man suffering from locked-in syndrome due to a severe stroke, who is fighting for his right to a “dignified death”. When reading this, it seems perfectly logical, and ethical appropriate for this man to be able to end his live when he wants to. But this case raises a larger ethical debate on this matter. Do we really have the right to die? This is the question raised in text two, written by Allison Pearson, who does not think that we have the right to. Allison Pearson argues that “death is no longer considered an acceptable outcome” among doctors, and that a change in the laws of murder could have tremendous consequences, and that we would likely end up in a courtroom where any doctor could......

Words: 983 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Proposal Essay Assisted Suicide: A Catholic’s Right To Die The right to choose whether to live or die should reside with the person who is terminally ill and no one else. According to the Catholic Church there are three moral principles on conserving health and life: sanctity of life, God’s dominion and human stewardship, and the prohibition against killing. Promoting the morality of the right to life, compassionate care and the power of divine love, the Catholic Church tries to offer a hopeful perspective. Radically different views than those of the Catholic Church are expressed by both healthy and terminally ill patients when surveyed. Several national organizations have been founded supporting a persons’ choice, to include the Hemlock Society and the Final Exit Network both with Arizona chapters. One of the main reasons terminally ill patients want the right to choose assisted suicide is to be able to die with dignity. The thought of being unable to care for yourself or recognize your family is particularly frightening and unwanted by most people. Mentally competent adults have a basic human right to end their lives when they suffer from a fatal or irreversible illness or excessive pain, when their quality of life is personally unacceptable, and the future holds only hopelessness and misery. Arizona is one of 34 states that have explicitly criminalized assisted suicide; only the states of Oregon and Washington permit physician assisted suicide with the......

Words: 544 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Fate in Our Hands Assisted suicide is a controversial topic, sparking up questions and debates on whether it should be legal, or not. I argue that it should be legalized, it would be beneficial to some individuals because it would allow people with terminal illnesses to plan and prepare for their deaths, rather than go through pain and suffering, and the fear of not knowing when you could die. Assisted suicide, also commonly known as death with dignity, was created so that people could hold the power over their illness and be the ones to control the last moments of their life. I am not arguing that all people who are sick or ill should be allowed to participate in assisted suicide, we need to determine in what circumstances it would be appropriate. Who are we to say that someone has no right to a choice if they are suffering? However, before anything, we need to understand the difference between two terms; assisted suicide and euthanasia. Assisted suicide is “suicide committed with the aid of another person, sometimes a physician” (ahdictionary.com). Euthanasia is defined as “the act or practice of ending the life of a person or animal having a terminal illness or a medical condition that causes suffering perceived as incompatible with an acceptable quality of life, as by lethal injection or the suspension of certain medical treatments” (ahdictionary.com). While these sound like very similar terms, they are two completely different things. In assisted suicide the doctor......

Words: 877 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...“The term assisted suicide refers to the practice of a physician prescribing legal drugs that allow terminally ill patients to end their own lives. The difference between assisted suicide and euthanasia (mercy killing) is that in assisted suicide the doctor may only provide the drugs, not administer them, while in euthanasia the doctor can provide and administer the drugs.” (Brochu B1). What is known as the “Right to Die Movement” is the fight for one’s complete autonomy. It is important not to look at assisted suicide as killing someone as if you are taking them for their life without their permission. This is about alleviating suffering for those who are not going to get relief any other way. Assisted suicide should be legalized because as human beings, we should have a freedom of choice, as well as an end to prolonged suffering, and this may cause a reduction of traditional suicide methods. Putting those who’s quality of life is dwindling out of their misery has been a dilemma for ages, but going as far back to the 1930’s in London it is recorded that the royal physician Lord Bertrand Dawson to King George V was in charge of making sure the king departed peacefully. On January 20, 1936, Dawson injected the dying King with the lethal dose of three-quarters of a gram of morphine and one gram of cocaine (Ekland-Olson, 63). It has also been recorded that on September 23, 1939, the great psychologist Sigmund Freud was put to rest by his former student, Dr. Max Schur, after......

Words: 2447 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Should Physician-Assisted Suicide Be Legalized in Canada?

...Should Physician-assisted suicide be legalized in Canada? Introduction The topic of legalizing Physician-assisted suicide has long been a controversial issue in Canada and has recently received increased attention. In 1993, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled the provisions of the Criminal Code prohibiting assisted suicide. Two decades later, the Supreme Court of Canada began to deliberate whether to uphold or strike down the law prohibiting doctor-assisted suicide. Last month, the nine justices of the Supreme Court heard impassioned pleas for overturning Canada’s absolute prohibition against assisted suicide, with proponents arguing laws that consider the act equivalent to murder are a violation of personal autonomy and infringe the Charter of Rights and Freedom that provides for “life, liberty and security of the person” (Connor, 2014). The hearing sparked fresh debates across the country. Opponents argue that legalizing physician-assisted suicide would lead society down a dangerous "Slippery Slope" that leads to involuntary euthanasia and the killing of people who are thought undesirable. In addition, opponents argue that legalizing physician-assisted suicide gives too much power to doctors and it may reduce the availability of palliative care. The aim of this paper is to make a comprehensive argument in favor of physician-assisted suicide. Physician-Assisted suicide & Euthanasia Physician-assisted suicide occurs for any situation where doctors use drugs or other......

Words: 2164 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...The Supreme Court Ruling on Physician-Assisted Death By The Canadian Nurses Protective Society May 2015  The Carter decision presents a profound change to Canadian law. What does the decision mean for nurses? It is a crime in Canada to assist another person in ending his or her own life. However, the Supreme Court of Canada created an exception, after analyzing Canadian constitutional law in the case of Carter v. Canada (Attorney General), released at the beginning of February 2015. The Supreme Court declared that the prohibition in section 241(b) of the Criminal Code on assisting with suicide is unconstitutional to the extent that it prevents physician-assisted death for “a competent adult person who (1) clearly consents to the termination of life and (2) has a grievous and irremediable medical condition (including an illness, disease or disability) that causes enduring suffering that is intolerable to the individual in the circumstances of his or her condition.” In creating this exception, the Carter decision represents a profound change to Canadian law. Nurses may now expect to receive more questions from patients and their families related to end-of-life care. It is important for nurses to understand the law and professional nursing standards relating to end-of-life care as they currently exist and as they may develop. The Carter ruling will take effect on Feb. 6, 2016. The Supreme Court suspended the operation of its ruling to allow the federal government time to...

Words: 1295 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted  suicide  for  terminally  ill  patients   The  issue  of  assisted  suicide  for  terminally  ill  patients  is  heavily  debated  and  relevant   nowadays  with  the  medical  technics  that  has  come  so  fare  making  it  almost  impossible  for   terminally  ill  patients  to  die  ‘by  choice’.  I  will  present  three  different  people’s  view  on  the   subject.       An  account  of  the  issue   In  2012  the  British  newspaper  The  Independent  brought  to  articles  with  two  different  views   on  assisted  suicide  on  their  website.  The  article  Tony  Nicklinson:  “Perhaps  I’ll  say  goodbye  on   Twitter”  written  by  former  nurse  Nina  Lakhani  concerning  the  patient  Tony  Nicklinson’s  wish   to  die  since  he  suffers  with  locked-­‐in  syndrome.  Nicklinson  sees  it  as  a  violation  of  his  human   rights  that  he  is  not  allowed  assisted  suicide.  ‘The  government  is  in  breach  of  Mr.  Nicklinson’s   Article  8  right  to  “privacy,  dignity  and  autonomy”,  a  right  he ......

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide Yusuf J. Shalah HSA 515 Dr. James Coon 1. Explain how the Patient Bill of Rights applies to the situation. With regards to this situation, the Patient’s Bill of Rights was established to contribute to more effective patient care, and to ensure that care is considerate and respectful, and more importantly, to ensure a health care ethic that extends that respect to a patient’s role in decision-making about treatment choices and other aspects of their care. “These rights can be exercised on the patient’s behalf by a designated surrogate or proxy decision maker if the patient if the patient lacks decision making capacity, is legally incompetent or is a minor.”(Aha, 1993) Mrs. Jones, in our scenario, is a patient evidently suffering from a terminal illness possibly in its latter stages, or possibly a fresh diagnosis. In either situation, from the information provided Mrs. Jones has made no declaration, or request, agreement to receiving an extra dose of a narcotic which could potentially end her life. Thus, Nancy nurses’ decision to administer this extra dose is not only capable of killing her, but is also premeditated. There is no consideration to her wishes, those of her family, and a blatant disregard of any other health professionals involved. If you are to be justified in helping someone to die (assisted suicide), the person you are going to ‘help’ must have made it clear that they want to be killed. “A unilateral decision that......

Words: 1864 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Anyways? Assisted Suicide is the common term for the actions which an individual helps another person end their life. Physician-assisted suicide should be an allowed medical option for competent, terminally ill adults with terminal illnesses, who are in uncontrollable pain, because it is a compassionate response to relieve dying people. If a person becomes extremely ill and they are of sound mind they should have the right to die if there is no hope of a cure and if they have arrived at that decision with the total understanding of their condition and its prognosis. People should be able to make the decision on when the length of their lives becomes less important than the quality of their lives. When a person has become so sick and does not want to continue suffering, should they be forced to stay alive? Shouldn’t they be able to make their own decisions? Whose life is it anyways? It is about a person’s suffering that cannot be relieved and not turning away from them when they ask for help. Between 1994 and 2006, there were 75 legislative bills to legalize Physician Assisted Suicide in 21 states and all of them failed. Currently it is legal in Oregon, Washington and Montana. When patients in Oregon were asked the reasons behind their decision to end their lives, 86% reported a decreasing ability to participate in activities, 100% reported loss of autonomy and 86 % reported loss of dignity. Of those patients in Oregon that requested Physician assisted suicide,......

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Assisted Suicide

...Assisted Suicide Teresa Grass PHI200: Mind and Machine Instructor: David Tredinnick June 25, 2012 My point of view on assisted suicide I believe it a sin. In the Holy Bible the “Ten Commandments” it is written “thou shalt not kill.” I stand on the concept that dismissing a person life before it’s his/her time is truly not right. I believe that no matter whom you or what position you may hold doesn’t give you the right to play God. Due to the obvious extent of self-interest that an individual have in their own personal choices; in this day in our culture people as usual try to seek out assured circumstances in such an upright and surprising ways. It was once said that for the ones that are extremely disabled this type of reaction bring forth a common sense of expectation. I do believe that this not right at all because even when a person is suffering under countless circumstances, they desire for this person to go through life-threating operations along with the pain and suffering. It should be that person owns choice for Euthanasia but only during those cases that are so extreme. Suicide has become a vital part of our everyday lives, but through assisted suicide from doctors we have the aptitude to keep suicide to a lessor level to the families that are involved. Assisted suicide is wrong. It is stated in the Ten Commandments “thou shalt not kill”, so with this said I believe that Assisted Suicide is definitely wrong. Many may say that the bible...

Words: 2871 - Pages: 12