Free Essay

Anxiety Disorder

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By leyramar
Words 2018
Pages 9
Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders are a group of relatively common psychological problems, which used to be known collectively as neuroses. The main psychological feature of anxiety disorders is the unhappiness, the tension, and the excessive anxiety believed by their sufferers. Except for their symptomatic behavior individuals with anxiety disorders usually respond appropriately to their surroundings, both cognitively, and emotionally. They are aware that something is wrong, but they are generally able to cope without hospitalization. Their main characteristic is what mental health professionals may call personal distress. The most common anxiety disorders are phobic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder (Phillipchalk & McConnell, 1994). The less common are panic and obsessive-compulsive. These will be discussing ahead next to its causes, symptoms, and treatments according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) recommendations. Each anxiety disorder has different symptoms, but can alter the life of the individual who suffers those. It is possible to have more than one type of anxiety disorder at the same time or simultaneously. Individuals can also have an anxiety disorder with other mental health problems like depression and substance abuse among others. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder is much more than what a common person with anxiety may experience in his daily live. Acquiring this disorder means always to anticipate a disaster, however most of the times the root of the worries are hard to distinguish or to locate. People with general anxiety disorder may not seem to shake their worries, even when they think that their anxiety is more intense than the situation warrants (Phillipchalk & McConnell, 1994). They also seem unable to relax. It is estimated that general anxiety disorder is affecting approximately 5.7% of population in the United States (Hofmann, Smits, 2008). Causes
Genes and stress contribute to the development of general anxiety disorder. The majority of people with general anxiety disorder say they have been presenting anxiety symptoms for as long as they can remember. The general anxiety disorder is most common in women than in men or children and it has no specific threat (Phillipchalk & McConnell, 1994).
Symptoms
The most common symptom is the constant tension and concerns, even when there is no cause or when nothing seems to provoke those. Family, personal relationships, work issues, money, and health are some examples among others. Even when individuals are aware that their concerns or fears are stronger and not necessary, individuals with generalized anxiety disorder still has problems controlling those.
Symptoms such as concentration problems, irritability, fatigue, dizziness, trouble when falling, or staying asleep. However, sleep is often not satisfactory repair or restlessness, and often is easily startled. Along with the concerns and anxieties may also be present many physical symptoms, such as muscle tension (headache) and stomach problems like nausea or diarrhea among others.
Treatment
The combination of medication and cognitive behavioral therapy works better (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Medications are an essential part of the treatment and may include: selective inhibitors of serotonin reuptake inhibitors, which are usually the first choice drugs (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). The patient can use other antidepressants and some anti-seizure drugs in severe cases. Benzodiazepines such as Xanax, Klonopin, and Ativan may be used if antidepressants do not help enough with the symptoms; however, prolonged dependence of these drugs is a concern (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Cognitive behavioral therapies help the individual to understand conducts and how the individual may control his behaviors. The patient will have up to 20 visits during many weeks. The individual will learn how to control his distorted views of life stressors like the behavior of other people among other positive results during therapy. Panic Disorder
Panic disorders involve recurrent episodes of unbearably intense anxiety called panic attacks. Between an attack and other there is this dread and anxiety that they will return. Trying to escape these feelings of panic can be exhausting. Sadly a 4.7% of population in the United States is affected by panic disorder (Stein, Goin, Pollack, Roy-Byrne, Sareen, and Simon, 2009).
Symptoms
In an attack, physical symptoms, such as pounding heart, dizziness, and trembling, accompany feelings of dread or terror and thoughts of impending disaster, such as death, or going crazy. These attacks seems to come out of nowhere with no obvious cause. When they subside they leave the victim wondering when the next one will occur. Palpitations, chest pains, nausea or stomach problems, hot flashes or chills, shortness of breath or a feeling of suffocation, tingling or numbness, shaking or tremors, feelings of unreality, feeling of lack of control, fear of dying, and sweating are other common symptoms.

Causes
There is no specific list of triggers for panic attacks because they depend on the characteristics and perceptions of each individual. Professionals can identify some situations and conditions, which are common to many people, such as genetics, or environmental factors. Biological causes include generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress, hypoglycemia, hyperthyroidism, mitral valve prolapsed, pheochromocytoma, inner ear disturbances and deficiency of vitamin B: are biological and can be treated (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Triggers that cause short-term are significant personal loss, profound changes in the individual’s daily life, excessive consumption of caffeine, nicotine, marijuana, or other drugs, such as Ritalin, or certain antidepressants.
Persistent causes may include environmental, constant negative thoughts, have a poor image of them, have constant doubts or negative beliefs and feelings held or lack of assertiveness. Treatment
Prozac, Zoloft, and Paxil are medication used to treat this disorder. Other medications that may be used include antidepressants as inhibitors of norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
Anticonvulsants are used in severe cases. Benzodiazepines are a form of treatment for this disorder; Valium, Xanax, Klonopin, and Ativan. The symptoms should improve in few weeks but in a slow manner (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). The individual should consult to his mental health provide if this does not happen. He should not stop taking his medications without talking to his doctor. In the other hand the cognitive behavioral therapy helps people understand their behavior and how to change inadequate behaviors. He must be able to meet the mental health provider for up to 20 visits over many weeks. The individual while in therapy will learn how to understand his distorted views and stressful situations in life, as the behavior of other people or life events among others. The individual will also recognize and at the same time replace his panic-causing thoughts and lessen helplessness feelings among other positive results. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorder belongs to the so-called anxiety disorders, and it is characterized by the presence of compulsions and obsessions that interfere in the daily life of the sufferer. The frequency of the disorder is unknown because most are mild and patients are never consulted for their symptoms but is estimated to affect approximately 2% of the population, equal proportion of men than women (Taylor, Pollack, LeBeau, Simon, 2008). Some studies suggest that there is more single than married, although it is difficult to determine this is because the consequences of the symptoms. It also seems to be more common in higher social classes and in people with high IQ but not entirely proven.
The age at which symptoms first appear is always difficult to pin down because they can be confused with personality traits but is between 20 and 40 years, most clinical cases show active before age 20 and only 15% exceeded 35 (Taylor, Pollack, LeBeau, Simon, 2008).
Causes
There are many theories to explain the cause of the disorder, so the individual think he may have a combination of several. People know that there are important genetic factors, which are involved in its development but the mode of transmission is still unknown.
In many cases there is an event that can act as a trigger, such as relationship problems, illnesses, or the death loved ones among others. Individuals can have an important role of education received in childhood, especially if it is too rigid ways of educating.
There are abnormalities in the frontal lobe of the brain, changes in information processing and changes in substances, such as serotonin may also be involved in the disorder.
The truth is that no one knows exactly which the specific cause is, but the combination of biological and social factors may explain the alterations that have been found. Symptoms
These are the most common symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorders: obsessive thoughts. Intrusive thoughts or images are repetitive and persistent that the patient recognizes as absurd. These obsessions may manifest in many, such as obsessive impulses, fears, and phobias.
The most frequent topics of obsessive thoughts are hypochondriacal concerns (constant and unjustified fear any illness), pollution (the people individuals relate in their environment or in public places will infect them or transmit a disease) and doubts. Treatment
Usually the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder will be a combination of techniques with psychotherapeutic drug. Antidepressants are used, selective inhibitors of serotonin reuptake inhibitors are the most used and best tolerated and also the used of clomipramine is more powerful (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). The association of both drugs is indicated in cases in which there is intolerance to high doses of Clomipramine. They are usually required high doses of these drugs and the response to them tends to be delayed a few weeks. Because the disease is a chronic treatment should be maintained for long periods. Psychotherapy is often used behavioral techniques, so that the patient is exposed to obsession and is taught to prevent the response usually is used to improve the compulsions.
Psychosurgery: used only in severe cases unresponsive to other treatment.
The treatment failures occur in patients who fail to implement the instructions in severe depressive and eager patients, consumers of alcohol or other drugs, impaired relationships with others, in patients who have little motivation with alterations in personality or low intellectual level. Conclusion
Anxiety disorders are present in every place and United States is not the difference. Even when the causes vary people who suffer anxiety may experience different types of symptoms. In some individuals these ones could be worse than in others and psychological treatment next to medication should be necessary to obtain a healthy mental state. In Puerto Rico there are many centers to help mentally ill people, but there are two that are the most recognized ones, the Psychotherapy Institute of Puerto Rico and the Panamerican Hospital. Both centers help people who suffer the disorders mentioned above and have been proved to be responsible for their patients in every aspect. The most important in every treatment is the desire of the individual to become mentally stable. If medication, therapy, and positivism are all combine the patient for sure will have a positive result.

References
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Revised 4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Hofmann SG, Smits JA. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for adult anxiety disorders: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. J Clin Psychiatry. 2008; 69:621-632.
Taylor CT, Pollack MH, LeBeau RT, Simon NM. Anxiety disorders: Panic, social anxiety, and generalized anxiety. In: Stern TA, Rosenbaum JF, Fava M, Biederman J, Rauch SL, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2008: chap 32.
Phillipchalk, R. & McConnell, J. (1994). Understanding Human Behavior (8th ed.). Texas: Holt.
Pollack MH, Kinrys G, Delong H, Vasconcelos e Sá D, Simon NM. The pharmacotherapy of anxiety disorders. Stern TA, Rosenbaum JF, Fava M, Biederman J, Rauch SL, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2008: chap 41.
Stein MB, Goin MK, Pollack MH, Roy-Byrne P, Sareen J, Simon NM, et al. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with panic disorder. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association, 2009.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...  Influence of Early Life Experiences on Anxiety disorders Anxiety disorder is a mental health description for all forms of uneasiness, excessive worry,and phobias of life events. Such fears can based on events that happened or just imagination and it affects the physical well-being of a person. Different studies have shown that anxiety disorders in different family members overlap. This may be due to the factors experienced while growing up, family factors and genetic transmission. A Childs needs and issues are diverse but a general assessment would indicate that all early experiences can lead to psychological problems. For example, a need to over-achieve, an anxiety disorder of a generalized nature or dysthymic disorder (mood disorder characterized by chronic depression). Such disorders can be traced to a long standing inability to derive satisfaction from one’s life alongside the family issues that worry people, the expectations from the society that leave one apprehensive and a person’s coping strategies which mostly are maladaptive (Corey, 2012). The details do not present a clear diagnosis as to anxiety disorder’s root cause in many cases, hence the need to be cautious when deciding on a therapeutic course of action. Everyone’s unique experiences bring up psychosocial challenges which may become the main focus of the clinical therapies. People may experience phase-of-life issues; present parent-child problems while at the same......

Words: 3185 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...Anxiety disorder is a mental illness that causes people to be scared and distress in certain situations. Anxiety disorders can cause depression, low self esteem, alcohol abuse; drug abuse and isolation from love ones. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illnesses in America: they affect around 20 percent of the population at any given time. Fortunately, there are many good treatments for anxiety disorders. Unfortunately, some people do not seek treatment for their illness because they do not realize how severe their symptoms are or are too ashamed to seek help. Furthermore, these disorders are often difficult to recognize for friends, family and even some doctors (Nami, 2012). I am sure everyone has experienced some form of anxiety. In my anxiety assessment, I was asked questions such as: Am I troubled by excessive worrying about events at work, school or home. It also asked was I bothered by at least three of the following, being easily tired, restlessness, and irritability. Do I feel sad, depress or worthless about anything. My responses to all of these questions was no. I only had one question that I answered that was yes. I do have problems concentrating at times. My results of my assessment were a score of a seventeen. Zero through twenty results was that there were no presents of anxiety. Twenty one through forty meant low anxiety. Forty-one through sixty resulted that is some form of anxiety related systems. Sixty-one through eighty, you should go to a......

Words: 1046 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorders

...Anxiety disorders are a type of psychological disorder that is characterized by feelings of fear and apprehension, and include such features as hyperactivity, motor tension, and apprehensive thoughts and expectations. There are several types of anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, phobic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and post-traumatic disorder. People with general anxiety disorders may be unable to remain still for long periods of time and may engage in fidgeting behaviors such as crossing and uncrossing their legs or arms or playing nervously with their hair or clothing. An unexpected sound, such as a honking horn or the ringing of a telephone causes unexplained anxiety, rapid heartbeat, or quickened breathing. Other anxiety disorders are characterized by different symptoms. For example, individuals with panic disorder experience a sudden onset of intense terror, and may suffer from an impending feeling of doom. Individuals who suffer from this disorder may experience severe chest pains, dizziness, shortness of breath, trembling and sweating. Some experts contend that biological factors may play a role in panic disorders. Individuals with a phobic disorder have an unexplainable, irrational, overwhelming, and persistent fear of a particular object or situation. Individuals with phobia disorders will go to almost any lengths to avoid the thing that scares them. Individuals with Obsessive-Compulsive disorders have......

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...General Anxiety Disorder Aloha Galimba HCA/240 June 30, 2013 General Anxiety Disorder can happen to anyone. It affects about 3.1 percent of Americans adults that are age 18 and older in a year (2013, National Institute of Mental Health). General Anxiety Disorder is diagnosed by its certain characteristics that is spanning for more than six months. Characteristics are as follows; worry about every day life, expect disaster at any given moment, can’t stop worrying about health, money, family, and work. Most people who think about GAD have come to think they are just always worried, however with several testing it is proven that they are experiencing the General Anxiety Disorder. There are several myths in regards to GAD that seem over the top. For instance there is a myth that if you are experiencing GAD, you must always avoid stress and situations that may you feel stressful. While this statement is true, everyone is bound to come to a stressful situation one way or another. This myth was debunked by stating, it all depends on how you handle the stressful situation. GAD can be diverted as long as you know how to handle certain situations. Another myth or misconception that has been brought up was the cause of anxiety disorder is rooted in childhood; therapy would be needed to focus more on this time period. There have been studies where anxiety does not root from childhood. In fact, anxiety can happen to anyone at any time. Another myth that has......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Evidence Base for Anxiety Disorders

...brief overview of evidence based psychological treatments for anxiety disorders. It addresses the following questions: • How common are anxiety disorders? • What psychological treatments have empirical support? • What recovery rates can be achieved with these treatments? • How enduring are their effects? • Is there value in combining psychological treatments with medication? Psychological treatments can be delivered in a variety of formats. This paper restricts itself to the traditional, and most extensively researched, format of face-to-face contact with a fully qualified therapist. For most anxiety disorders the therapy sessions are once weekly for 60-90 minutes spread over a period of 8-20 weeks, with homework assignments in between. However, in specific phobias, the strongest outcomes have been obtained with a single, long (3-5 hour) session with a therapist, followed by a briefer follow-up session a week or so later. 2. How common are anxiety disorders? The most recent British Psychiatric Morbidity Survey1 estimates that 16.4% of the population have a diagnosable anxiety and/or depressive disorder. The diagnostic system that was used in the survey (ICD-10) is different from the diagnostic system (DSM-IV) that has been used in most trials of psychological treatments. For this reason, it is difficult to be precise about the number of individuals in the UK who have anxiety disorders for which there is an evidence based psychological......

Words: 3279 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorders

...Anxiety is the most common mental illness in the United States. Almost 40 million American adults are affected by these disorders. These illnesses can cause everyday life to be an incredible struggle. Anxiety is a clash of desire and inhibitions. It is an unpleasant emotional state, which is usually characterized by physical arousal, feelings of tension, apprehension and worry. Anxiety can originate from very minor everyday threats and worries, and with these threats and worries increasing, the anxieties get worse. There are many different ways to recognize that people have anxiety. This is also tied in with what type of anxiety disorder the person may have. There are 3 types of anxiety, which are, reality anxiety, neurotic anxiety, and moral anxiety. Reality anxiety is when an individual is threatened by something in the external world. An example of reality anxiety is, an individual is attending a pool party, the party gets ruined because of rain and the individual becomes extremely overwhelmed because they have no control over the situation. There are not many treatments for this type of anxiety, mostly due to the fact that it is the most basic form of anxiety and is almost minor enough to not even be considered a mental illness. The best way to treat reality anxiety is just to remove the individual from the feared situation. Other anxieties may have more serious effects on a person, which would require a more serious treatment. Neurotic anxiety is when an......

Words: 606 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...In general, an anxiety disorder involves having a feeling of dying or losing control. Symptoms such as heart pounding, shaking, breathing difficulty, and extreme fear can occur without any warning and can last for minutes or hours. Symptoms can also include chest pains, choking, abdominal pain (nausea), dizziness, dread, sweating and a desire to flee (Seligman, 2001). Some anxiety attacks are not precipitated by anything noticeable, and others might be triggered by individual situations such as being in a crowd or even becoming overly stressed. When it comes to treatment of anxiety disorders, there are several approaches. One of them involves educating the patient. Sometimes patients have a passive role in this method, regularly listening to health care experts telling them about their anxiety disorder (Ohman, 2000). The information that is given is more often than not broad and usually overly simplified and not pertinent to the patient. In order to prevent this, patients need to take an active role in the learning process. Another approach involves developing the patient’s awareness of their disorder. This approach actually builds up the patient’s self-confidence (Seligman, 2001). With this knowledge the patient’s symptoms would be reduced, and they would be better equipped to handling their attacks. Any changes in the patient’s self-confidence would result in positive health changes developing. Anxiety disorders are conceivably the most common and frequently......

Words: 768 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...The mental illness I chose to write about is one that my mom suffers from which would be panic disorder. A panic disorder is a form of an anxiety disorder. The history of anxiety disorders dates back before medical records were recorded. In the sixteenth century, anxiety was known as hysteria. Professional had different opinions on the cause of this disorder, for example, witchcraft, had to do with the uterus until men were found to have the same condition, the person is a hypochondriac, and demons were entering the body. In the eighteenth century panic disorder was known as the “nervous illness." Today we know that panic attacks are a sudden urge of overwhelming fear and anxiety. There are many myths that surround panic attacks such as it is all in one’s head, it is not a real illness, make one face the fear head on, a sign that one is going insane. Other myths include that one will be on medication for the rest of their life, cause internal damage as a heart attack would, there is no treatment, and it is as an excuse. These types of rumors or beliefs can cause one to not seek professional help. Past treatments for anxiety in eighteen seventies were to refrain from exercise as anxiety was considered to be nervous exhaustion and it was straining the nervous system. Other harsher treatments were strychnine, arsenic, and quinine. For severe cases, a hot white iron was applied to the spine. In the year nineteen twenty, exposure to the fear, and radionics was used. It...

Words: 1434 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Separation Anxiety Disorder

...Separation Anxiety Disorder in Children Daphne A Janes American Military University Author Note This paper was prepared for EDUC533 Assessment, Evaluation, and Testing II, taught by Dr. Marie Isom. Abstract Fear in reaction to danger probably ends up to life-saving "fight or flight." Anxiety is intrinsic to fear, and therefore the young baby experiences anxiety throughout the earliest inevitable separations from caretakers. Childhood separation psychological disorder (SAD) has been recently recognized as a precursor of an anxiety disorder, a pacemaker of anxiety and different mental disorders, and could be an extremely frequent disorder. Intensive kinds of treatments are developed recently to any improve treatment effectuality, though cognitive-behavioral medical care (CBT) has proved effective for the cure for youngsters with anxiety disorders, as well as a separation anxiety disorder. This paper was written to have a better understanding of the causes, the prevalence, diagnostic criteria, progression, and lastly the treatment considerations for separation anxiety. Keywords: separation anxiety, causes, prevalence, diagnostic criteria, progression, treatment Separation Anxiety Disorder in Children Causes A psychological health disorder, begins in childhood; once a child is worrying about leaving home or be separated from a loved one. This happens when a child is separated from the primary caregiver (usually the mother) and this happens as part of the......

Words: 3306 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...paper on Anxiety Disorder Jeffrey S. Fletcher, M.A. Kathleen B. Stinger Psychopathology and Counseling, Coun 656 4, May 2014 Author Note Jeffrey S. Fletcher, Student, Liberty University. Correspondence concerning this paper should be addressed to Jeffrey S. Fletcher, Jfletcher1@liberty.edu Abstract This research paper is designed to review articles and books of professional journals in anxiety disorders, definition of anxiety disorder, review of current and past treatments of anxiety disorders, the new section and changes to anxiety disorder in the DSM-5, new treatments for anxiety disorders and medications for anxiety disorders. This paper will show spiritual considerations for treating anxiety disorders and how religion can improve one’s condition. It will show how CBT treatment of anxiety disorders have not been very successful and how medication has its limitations in treatment of anxiety disorders. This paper will also show what this clinician has learned and will take forward into the daily practice of treating adolescents with anxiety disorders. Keywords: anxiety, anxiety disorders, DSM-5, treatment Introduction When we talk about anxiety we have to distinguish between healthy anxiety or normal anxiety and anxiety disorders. It is normal to have a certain amount of anxiety for instance when one is in danger it is normal to become anxious. To have an anxiety disorder your anxiety would have to interfere with your life in a negative way. Anxiety......

Words: 3890 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorders

...Texas A&M University Kingsville | Anxiety Disorders: Recognizing the symptoms of six of the most common Anxiety Disorders | | | TAMUK | 10/13/2014 | Summarization and reaction for recognizing the symptoms of anxiety disorders. | Cancro, R. (2007). Anxiety Disorders: Recognizing the symptoms of six of the most common Anxiety Disorders. EP Magazaine, January 2007, 27-30. Summary: There are about 20 million American adults that suffer from anxiety that is chronic, painful, and which becomes worse. The stresses of the world we live in, such as environmental issues, economic situations, personal home issues, competiveness, and our culture can contribute to a person suffering from anxiety. An anxiety disorder interferes with a person’s natural and beneficial adaptive responses, and this interference can happen in varying degrees from mild to incapacitating. There are six common types of anxiety disorders that were described in this article which include: 1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Affects about 4 million American adults. GAD is generally more common in women than in men. GAD continues throughout the day and can lead into the night which leads to sleeping difficulty. 2. Panic Disorder: is an intense fear with a sudden onset that can last about 10 minutes. People begin to feel rapid heart rate, sweating, and the feeling that they are having a heart attack. 3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): OCD affects about three......

Words: 583 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Anxiety Disorders

...The Effects of Patients' Anxiety Disorder on Their Families Courtney Schacherer Utah Valley University Abstract The struggles people diagnosed with anxiety disorders endure are well documented, but the families of those people are often not considered. It is up to the family to be the main support system while at the same time not perpetuating their loved one's symptoms. Forty million adults are affected with some form of anxiety disorder in the U.S. in a given year. That means there is a least an additional forty million people who are affected by watching a loved one deal with the hardships anxiety brings. It is the family who take up the responsibilities that the anxiety suffer is unable to perform. It can have a critical impact on the family's way of life, means of support, caring for children and on the close relationships within the family dynamic. To watch a loved one suffer with an anxiety disorder can be immensely painful, intensely frustrating and overwhelmingly stressful. The toll it can have can seriously damage family relationships if the illness is left untreated or continues for an indefinite period of time. For a person suffering from an anxiety disorder, supportive loved ones can play a key role in their recovery and treatment. But if the loved ones own needs are overlooked, it can be harmful to the treatment process and make a difficult situation worse. The Effects of Patients' Anxiety Disorders on the Families Patient J is a 29 year old stay......

Words: 1604 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorder Paper

...Disorder Paper - Anxiety Jonathan Dimitroff University of Phoenix Psych 575 March 23, 2015 Leah Mancuso PhD Disorder Paper - Anxiety The purpose of this paper is to discuss a neurological, psychological, or neurodevelopmental disorder. It is to compare and contrast three therapeutic interventions used to treat the chosen disorder; comparing measures of effectiveness, such as validity, efficacy, symptom and behavior management, and recidivism. One therapy should be cognitive in nature, one pharmacological in nature, and the third should be an alternative therapeutic treatment. This paper will identify common symptoms associated with the disorder, and rates of symptom reduction or management as reported with the three treatments. It will discuss what approach this author would use to treat this disorder based on the research used to develop this paper; and why. It will also analyze the neurophysiological underpinnings of disorders and diseases, as well as examine contemporary attitudes towards the three treatments selected. For the purposes of this paper, anxiety will be the chosen disorder. It is a psychological disorder with a variety of symptoms and specific types of anxiety. To list a few of the different types of anxiety, there is Panic disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety disorder, then there are the phobias which fall under the anxiety label, as well as......

Words: 2962 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Social Anxiety Disorder

... Chapter II Presentation of Data A. Definition of social anxiety disorder or social phobia was defined by different sources. 1. In 400 BC, Hippocrates described the overly shy person as someone who loves darkness as life and thinks every man observes hi. During the second edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSMII), social fears were described as a specific phobia of social situations or an excessive fear of being observed or scrutinized by others and in the third edition, it was described as a fear of performance situations. Lastly, it is described in the fourth edition as a marked and persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations in which the person is exposed to unfamiliar people or possible scrutiny by others. 2. A social phobia is a fear of being observed by others acting in a way that will be humiliating or embarrassing. It is an irrational and intense fear that one’s behavior in a public situation will be mocked or criticized by others. 3. Social phobia is an irrational fear of being judged, watched or evaluated, or of embarrassing or humiliating themselves. Fear of scrutiny by other leading to avoidance of social situations. B. There are scientific concerns regarding social anxiety disorder. 1. The signs and symptoms of social phobia were subdivided into four, the physical, emotional and behavioral, associated personality traits and the cognitive aspect. a. Blushing, profuse sweating, trembling...

Words: 2183 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Anxiety Disorders

...What are Anxiety Disorders? A cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom. Anxiety disorders are the most common of emotional disorders and affect more than 25 million Americans. Many forms and symptoms may include: • Overwhelming feelings of panic and fear • Uncontrollable obsessive thoughts • Painful, intrusive memories • Recurring nightmares • Physical symptoms such as feeling sick to your stomach, “butterflies” in your stomach, heart pounding, startling easily, and muscle tension Anxiety disorders differ from normal feelings of nervousness. Untreated anxiety disorders can push people into avoiding situations that trigger or worsen their symptoms. People with anxiety disorders are likely to suffer from depression, and they also may abuse alcohol and other drugs in an effort to gain relief from their symptoms. Job performance, school work, and personal relationships can also suffer. Types of Anxiety Disorders Panic disorder People with this condition have feelings of terror that strike suddenly and repeatedly with no warning. Other symptoms of a panic attack include sweating, chest pain, palpitations (irregular heartbeats), and a feeling of choking, which may make the person feel like he or she is having a heart attack or "going crazy." Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) People with OCD are plagued by constant thoughts or fears that cause them to perform certain rituals......

Words: 4285 - Pages: 18