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ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY 2 EXAM 3 DIGESTION/NUTRITION Spring 2012

True/False

1. Peristalsis is defined as a mixing movement, which results in food in small segments of the alimentary canal being mixed with digestive enzymes.

2. Receptive relaxation is related to peristalsis in that when peristalsis occurs the muscular wall just ahead of the contracted ring relaxes.

3. The esophagus provides a passageway for substances from the larynx to the bronchi.

4. The stomach is c-shaped and extends from the duodenum to the spleen.

5. Bile is composed of HCl, pepsin, mucus, and intrinsic factor.

6. Cholecystokinin, a hormone released from intestinal mucosa by the presence of fats, stimulates the gallbladder to contract and release bile into the duodenum.

7. Food passing from the stomach through the small intestine would pass first into the duodenum, then the jejunum, and lastly the ileum.

8. The movement of chyme through the small intestine is increased by parasympathetic impulses and inhibited by sympathetic impulses.

Matching

Questions 9-13 pertain the key below: a. primary or deciduous teeth b. incisors c. crown d. palatine tonsils e. pharyngeal tonsils

9. Useful in biting food.

10. Also are called adenoids.

11. Found on both sides of uvula.

12. Portion of a tooth that projects beyond the gum.

13. Usually appear between the ages of 6 months and 2 1/2 years.

Multiple Choice

14. The effects of parasympathetic nerve impulses on the alimentary canal are __________ and sympathetic impulses are _____________. a. stimulative or cause increases in activity; inhibitory or slow down activity. b. varied with most of the activity being inhibitory; inhibitory all the time. c. not known; integrative or integrates all the activities of the canal. d. inhibitory or slow down…...

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